Select two approaches to counselling which might be useful in education, and describe their assumptions and methods. Critically discuss their relevance and suitability for counselling in schools
Select two approaches to counselling which might be useful in education, and describe their assumptions and methods. Critically discuss their relevance and suitability for counselling in schools - Essay Example
Before beginning to help the children through the use of counseling interventions and skills, it is essential to know exactly their problems and possibly explore them. This is the initial task, and a central issue which underscores many of the difficulties that children…
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A theoretical approach presents a position that regards the theory and practice of counselling. A school of counselling can be viewed as a grouping of different theoretical approaches, which are similar to each other in terms of fundamental characteristics, which distinguishes them from theoretical approaches in counselling schools.
The three main schools, which influence psychotherapy practice and contemporary counselling are usually separated into three overlapping and distinct traditions or schools of theoretical approach that have informed the practice of counselling. They are the humanistic school, the psychodynamic school and the cognitive/behavioral school (Greig, 2007).
The humanistic/existential school has its roots in the works of pioneers such as Rogers, Moreno, Maslow, Berne, Binswanger, May, Perls and Boss characterized by a belief in self-actualization and choice.
The humanistic school sometimes incorporate existential approach hence gets the broader title humanistic-existential school. It is based on humanism, a system of beliefs and values which emphasizes the better qualities of human beings and individuals’ abilities to develop their human potential. The humanistic counselors often emphasize enhancing clients’ abilities to reason and behave in harmony with their underlying habits to actualize themselves as unique characters.
Describing humanistic/existential approach to the development of mental disorders is a considerable challenge. Humanistic approaches in many aspects are philosophical in nature, speak to the nature of the individual’s condition, deal with values and prefer a holistic view of the person.
The humanistic/existential approaches evolved as a reaction to the determinism of the early models of psychopathology. Many psychologists were disturbed that Freudian theory did not touch on the inner world of the client but categorized the client according to preconceived diagnoses. They described a client in terms of psychic
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“Select Two Approaches to Counselling Which Might Be Useful in Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1591585-select-two-approaches-to-counselling-which-might-be-useful-in-education-and-describe-their-assumptions-and-methods-critically-discuss-their-relevance-and-suitability-for-counselling-in-schools.
In addition, the paper will focus on how two counselors having different theoretical approaches might help Marie deal with the problems she has. In regard to this, this paper will focus on how each of the theoretical approaches can explain her behavior. Moreover, the paper explores the issues that the theoretical approaches will focus on and part of the problem that they might deal with first.
Depending on how she conquered her adolescence and resolves earlier conflicts, she will be successful in search of identity. The main reason why she fears that the boyfriend may become intimidated and leave her is because she may not have fully developed sense of trust (Slee, 2002).
Consequently, their application to a given client scenarios is effective enough to cause changes in their behaviour. Other counsellors also believe that the most important issue in getting a client to change their behaviour is to target their belief in the theoretical approach rather than the actual content itself.
Ethnicity and race.
Given the aforementioned realm, understanding the crux of counseling shall be made simple. It is an illusion if it is only considered in terms of a therapists' room, much on the footsteps of Freud wherein the client would rest on a sofa and the counselor would offer advice.
Initially, Rogers, through sound recordings, looked for the crucial turn in the client change or information. These observations helped him eventually to realise that the counsellor should be guided by the patient, and not the other way around. He changed the counsellor's role from an advisor to that of a listener.
In the following paper I am going to describe two of the above mentioned approaches including person-centered counseling approach and psychodynamic approach. Strengths and limitations of both approaches are analyzed as well as the theoretical aspect is presented.
Counselling is a process of improving the mental and psychological status of a person that will help in making the person more confident in order to cope with existing surroundings. As a form of psychotherapy, counseling is provided to people suffering with some kind
The author states that the students have been made to believe that the humanities will not place them in a better position in the job market. Most of the people believe that humanities belong to the weaker students. There is also pressure from the parents to pursue science related courses.
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