To date, there is no consensus of the specific definition of literacy. On a personal viewpoint, literacy should be taken in a broad sense and without disregard to its relation to cultural and social contexts…
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Three articles discuss this matter extensively. The first one is Susanne Lapps article entitled “Literacy and the English Language Learner,” which discusses different behaviors of English Language Learners (ELLs) inside the classroom. The second one is the article by Karen Cadiero-Kaplan, entitled “Literacy Ideologies: Critically Engaging the Language Arts Curriculum,” which discusses how, for whom, and for what purposes literacy is defined. The third article is written by Rebecca Wheeler and R. Swords and is entitled “Codeswitching: Tools of Language and Culture Transform the Dialectally Diverse Classroom”. It discusses the best way to teach Standard English to ELLs for classroom use without disregarding the fact that these individuals have a language that is correct in their own right.
It is ironic how the world seems to clamor for diversity, yet fails to adapt to it in the most basic classroom setup --- interaction between teachers and students. These two images above directly show how respect for diversity should be supported. Classrooms nowadays are becoming more and more culturally diverse, thus, the need for a greater weight to be placed on a students individuality and background. The common points among the articles stressed in these images are:
To answer these common points stated in the articles, it is good to understand that modifying classroom instruction and lecture content and style is essential in ensuring that native speakers, ELLs, and those that come in between, are provided with fair range of classroom experience that would benefit everyone (Lapp, 2010). Additionally, background of every student should be taken into consideration because it is possible that what is learning for Native American students may be different from what is learning for those of, for example, Arab immigrants. It is good to understand that literacy is set within the political boundaries of
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Keywords: statistical, Chatfield, investigation, pitfalls, guidelines. Reading Reflection Statistics is defined as application of methods such as quantitative or qualitative principles to collect analyze and present or interpret numerical data (The Florida State University, 2010).
The key question that the author is addressing is: what are the existing programs that will help students with reading disabilities to overcome their disability. The article attempts to evaluate, not just describe, the existing instructional practices for teaching word reading to students with reading disabilities.
The two manifestations according to Noyes of original sin included: the fear of God when Adam and Eve became afraid of meeting the Almighty God and opted to hide. The second one is the fear that existed between each other. Adam and Eve were
author argued that the spread of English in both inner circle, outer cycle, and expanding circle has led to the development of many English-based creoles and pidgins. To say the truth, this phenomenon became so popular in my country. For example, students who learn English
The visual inspiration also illustrated the dreams and emotions during the landscape unveiling or veiling. The painters saw their work as a great intellectual endeavor. The landscape painters applied the
p. Criticism: Implementing interventions to students with reading problems should occur within scientific processes that mainly target student needs as a measure of selecting and matching evidence-based
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