Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Human Papillomavirus - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The essay “Human Papillomavirus” discusses the issue wherein the Journal of the American Medical Association, or JAMA, seven colleagues led by Eileen F. Dunne, M.D., M.P.H., came together to publish a study on the subject of Human Papillomavirus or HPV…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.4% of users find it useful
Human Papillomavirus
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Human Papillomavirus"

Were these seven colleagues qualified to do so? Indeed they were, by virtue of profession and training. As listed in the article, six out of the seven that conducted the study not only held the title of Ph.D. or M.D., but also were employed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which not only supported their work but also conducted the larger survey of which the study was a part of, the National Health and Nutrition Survey (NAHANES). All seven worked together to gather, collate, and sort the data, with Dr. Eileen F. Dunne taking the lead role, as well as responsibility for the data that supported their conclusions.
Dr. Dunne and her colleagues made no claims about the HPV virus, though they did claim that baseline data would be effective in measuring the prevalence of the disease. Their main concern was that such data did not exist, and therefore in the future, there would be nothing to measure the actual reduction of the HPV virus in women against, had they been given the vaccine.
To conduct the study, Dr. Dunne and her colleagues used a “representative sample” of women aged 14-59 that were taking part in the NHANES survey. The women self-reported their race and ethnicity via questionnaires as well as providing a cervical swab. Out of 2482 females that took part in the study, 2387 were examined in a mobile examination center and asked for self-collect a sample via swab, which was then submitted for analysis. HPV detection, as well as typing, was then performed, and the results analyzed. Out of the 2387 females, 466 were considered “non-responders”, due to the fact that they either submitted “an inadequate swab specimen”, or did not submit a specimen at all. The various types of HPV viruses were also analyzed, and it was found that, unlike other studies, that HPV-16 was found to be low, in contrast to other studies that found it to be quite high. Dr. Dunne speculated that the reason for this was the self-collecting swabs that were “possibly more likely to detect HPV types unrelated to cervical infection”, unlike other studies where the collection was done via medical personnel.
The study concluded that there was a prevalence of HPV among women in the United States, which supported the initial hypothesis, though it was not a stated ‘claim’ as such. The evidence gathered in the study not only supported that HPV was prevalent in women, but that it was highest in the age group of 20-24, even given variables such as age, race, poverty index, marital status, and sexual behavior. It was also found that “even when the results were restricted to those women that were sexually active, the age group did not change” in regards to the highest prevalence. It was shown through this study that the highest overall prevalence is with women aged 14-24, with a “statistically significant trend for increasing HPV prevalence with each year of age from 14 to 24 years, which was followed by a non-significant gradual decline in HPV prevalence through 59 years.”
Dr. Dunne performed a groundbreaking study to determine a baseline result that was not previously in evidence. It can be hoped by all that these results will aid in further research of HPV and build upon the methods of prevention in use today. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(Human Papillomavirus Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 736 words, n.d.)
Human Papillomavirus Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 736 words. Retrieved from
(Human Papillomavirus Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 736 Words)
Human Papillomavirus Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 736 Words.
“Human Papillomavirus Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 736 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Human Papillomavirus

The Evolution of Human Resource Management

The employee was sent to HR for a final briefing where he mentioned that he had been requesting a change in the shift for the last few weeks he has to attend to his ailing father. His superior continuously ignored the request. The employee was skill and aptitude tested and reassigned to a different project.
This is a small incident where an HR professional can play a vital role. An organization is also constantly looking for such solutions from its Human Resource Department. It is this expertise and skill, which a budding professional from any institute should be equipped.
Such valuable certification programs initiated by the Human Resource Department surely help build a successful organization. The Human resource depart...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Problems of Human Activities

... should be given single-minded support by the elected leaders so that they are able to fulfill their duties and succeed in deterring illegal immigration. 3. Degradation by Human activities: Forests: Forests pass through a very vulnerable stage and are heavily at risk especially during the summer season, when the temperatures are high and the air is dry and arid. The dry logs of wood and twigs act as potent tools for starting up a forest fire. The Fire Prevention Department work hard round the clock, not only to ensure the safety of the Forests or Parks but also spend valuable time in trying to inform and educate people on fire prevention and safety. Some of the other things that may contribute to the degradation of forests are human...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Project Planning Human Capital

Project planning involves a lot of factors and areas that we need to address for the effective management and handling of the project. The aim of this report is to provide a deep insight into some of the main areas that we need to address for the project of Adams's family farmhouse renovation. These issues are project team communication, project risk management, and deadline handling. Effective communication in a project provides a huge advantage regarding the better working and handling of the project. I have selected a very significant project regarding the preservation of the old and historical places. Here we require effective communication to provide better interaction among the designer, developers, and history preservation...
8 Pages(2000 words)Coursework

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

...Hello, I have read this and thinks it’s perfect I have slight amendments which are highlighted in red. thanks Universal Declaration of Human Rights Introduction Human rights are defined as, the basic standards by which we can identify and measure inequality and fairness. These rights are specified in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.1 The United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) on the 10th of December 1948. It consists of a number of civil, cultural, economic, political, and social rights. Although, it is not legally binding, it provides an authoritative interpretation of several articles of the UN Charter; and the latter is binding on the member states of the United Nations.2 There are several...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Issues Connected to Human Resources Management

Notably, management professionals would agree, HRM system is an integration of various management practices with ‘people’ at its prime focus (Jackson, Schuler & Werner, 2008); and, the common factor between business organisations and educational institutions is ‘people,’ although their goals differ. This could be one main reason for attempting to implement HRM in educational institutions, although it is customized to organisational benefit.

Halachmi’s (2002a) extensive analysis on performance measurement clearly indicates the need for performance measurement in order to achieve the goals; and, it, in turn, establishes targets aligned to organisational goals and expectations; makes evalu...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Evaluation of the Role of Human Networks in Knowledge Creation and Knowledge Sharing Within Patni

The extensive literature review has been undertaken to justify the actions of Patni and to appreciate its initiatives that enhance employee participation. The steps taken by this Indian IT giant in institutionalizing organizational learning have been discussed largely from the perspective of human resource management and it has also been discussed as to how knowledge generation takes place within the organization.

This report will aim at critically evaluating the role of human networks in knowledge creation and knowledge sharing within Patni Computer Systems Ltd. (Patni). For this purpose, an extensive literature review will be undertaken and various theories pertaining to human resource management will be made use of....
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Perspectives of Human Thought in Visual Arts

The different cultural expressions that are located within art are designed to create a specific expression for the art that is used.  This connects throughout time to create a universal expression that can be understood within the visual arts.  While each of these is based in a different medium and has specific techniques used for a certain time period, there is also a connection with the cultural and human experiences that are linked within this. The common function that is used in both of these is to create a perception of human thoughts for the culture of the time. This is achieved by using specific techniques and contrasts to achieve the end goal of identifying the thoughts of a time period.

The painting...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

The Role of Human Resource Management

Positivism is a scientific method of inquiry-based on facts rather than on opinions and attitudes. In positivism, there is a belief that the world exists externally and that the objective method of measurement should be used. This implies that only knowledge that is measurable is “valid” and hence the epistemology of positivism is connected with quantitative methods of research. Interpretivism is the qualitative approach through which it is possible to understand the subjective reality. Through interpretivism, it would be possible to make sense of the data collected and achieve the goals of the research.

Any research is a methodical study on a particular subject, which uses facts and figures. The research st...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Human Development Index and Gross Domestic Product

The most recognized growth indicators of a nation have been GDP. Since HDI is a composite statistic gathered from data on life expectancy, education and GDP per capita, which are measured in three separate units, it faces serious criticisms. This project is meant to highlight the criticisms faced by HDI being used as an indicator of economic development against GDP, which has been so far the most widely used indicator of economic development. But it also takes the other aspects like, life expectancy at birth, literacy rates and living standards which are not considered by the growth index.

“Human Development Index is a summary measure of human development. It measures the average achievements in a country in three...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Is the Optional Protocol to the Rights of Child an Instrument of Human Rights or an Instrument of Humanitarian Law

The Optional Protocol is an amendment to an earlier Convention, the Convention on the Rights of the Child. This earlier convention states that children younger than 15 may not take a direct part in hostilities and that children younger than 15 may not be drafted into military service. (Convention on the Rights of the Child, pp. 10-11). Therefore, the Optional Protocol essentially amends Article 38 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, raising the age from 15 to 18 on the matters of direct involvement in hostilities and being conscripted into service.

The Optional Protocol and Article 38 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child were necessitated by the fact that children participate in conflicts directly by b...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Human Papillomavirus for FREE!

Contact Us