Discuss the potential health and economic impact of adding human papillomavirus vaccine (hpv) to existing screening programs - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Student Number and Number Name of Professor Potential Health and Economic Impact of adding Human Papillomavirus Vaccine (HPV) to Existing Screening Programs The human papillomavirus (HPV) are “small, double-stranded DNA virus that infects the epithelium” (Atkinson, Wolfe and Hamborsky 139)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.9% of users find it useful
Discuss the potential health and economic impact of adding human papillomavirus vaccine (hpv) to existing screening programs
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Discuss the potential health and economic impact of adding human papillomavirus vaccine (hpv) to existing screening programs"

Download file to see previous pages Even though the presence of HPV infection alone is not enough to trigger the development of cervical cancer and anogenital cancers (i.e. cancer of the vagina, vulva, penis and anus), Atkinson, Wolfe and Hamborsky (139) explained that women who are infected with HPV 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 68, 69, 73 and 82 are at risk of developing cervical cancer. Among these oncogenic genotypes, HPV 16 and 18 are responsible in almost 70% of cervical cancer around the world (Atkinson, Wolfe and Hamborsky 139; Murthy and Smith 315). Almost all of the HPV infections are asymptomatic. It means that the human body is capable of healing itself without much human intervention. In general, HPV vaccine is ineffective among HPV infected individuals. For this reason, pharmaceutical manufacturers of HPV vaccines are targeting boys and girls between the age of 9 to 26 who has never been infected with HPV (Gardasil). Sold in the market since 2006, the two types of HPV vaccines that prevents at least four types of HPV non-asymptomatic (i.e. HPV 16 and 18 – causes cervical cancer and HPV 6 and 11 – causes 90% of genital wards) are known as Gardasil1 and Cervarix2 (Atkinson, Wolfe and Hamborsky 139; Murthy and Smith 315). ...
, approximately “19,000 reports of adverse effects were gathered after the delivery of 35 million doses of Gardisil throughout the United States” (Klatell). In fact, there has been quite a lot of news report suggesting that the use of HPV vaccines can trigger 8.2 per 100,000 cases of fainting and 0.2 per 100,000 cases of blood clots right after receiving the vaccine (Smith). Aside from fainting and blood clot, the administration of HPV vaccine can also trigger some adverse neurological and physical effects such as severe allergic reaction on young individuals who received the vaccine, very high fever, and signs of Guillain-Barre syndrome which includes tingling sensation, weakness, and/or paralysis (Monson and Schoenstadt; Smith). With this in mind, signs of severe allergic reaction are not limited to “difficulty of breathing but also wheezing, unusual skin rashes, itching, and/or hives” (Monson and Schoenstadt). On top of the less serious cases, the administration of HPV vaccine can trigger untimely deaths among the young individuals who were given the vaccine. Based on the study of Slade, Leidel and Vellozzi, the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) publicly announced 32 cases of deaths following the administration of HPV vaccine (Slade, Leidel and Vellozzi). On the other hand, the Judicial Watch reported at least 47 cases of deaths due to HPV vaccine during the same year (Judicial Watch). In general, the common causes of HPV vaccine-related deaths include: diabetic ketoacidosis, prescription drug abuse, juvenile amyotropic lateral sclerosis, meningoencephalitis, influenza B viral sepsis, pulmonary embolism, cardiac-related deaths, blood clots, arrhythmia, and idiopathic seizure disorder (Slade, Leidel and Vellozzi; Judicial Watch). Hoping to unveil ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Discuss the potential health and economic impact of adding human Research Paper”, n.d.)
Discuss the potential health and economic impact of adding human Research Paper. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1431820-discuss-the-potential-health-and-economic-impact
(Discuss the Potential Health and Economic Impact of Adding Human Research Paper)
Discuss the Potential Health and Economic Impact of Adding Human Research Paper. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1431820-discuss-the-potential-health-and-economic-impact.
“Discuss the Potential Health and Economic Impact of Adding Human Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1431820-discuss-the-potential-health-and-economic-impact.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Discuss the potential health and economic impact of adding human papillomavirus vaccine (hpv) to existing screening programs

Human Development

2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Health Science: HPV Vaccine

... HPV VACCINE Introduction The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections inthe world. The infection is asymptomatic meaning people infected with it do not usually know they have it, making it easy to spread. In most cases, the body’s immune system can clear HPV on its own. However, at times the HPV fails to clear leading to the formation of genital warts and cervical cancer and other cancers of the anus, oropharynx, penis, vulva and vagina. The introduction of the HPV vaccine aims at protecting males and females against the common strains of HPV that cause disease and cancer. More than 40 strains of HPV affect at least fifty percent of sexually active people in their lifetime... a lot of money in the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) in Breast Tumors

...? Human papillomavirus types 16 and 18 have been implicated in the development of cervical cancers. To protect women from this disease, HPV vaccines have already been developed, and getting it is already being advised to women, especially to those at risk. With the growing number of women afflicted with breast cancer, there is great demand for determining a possible cure for such disease. HPV’s association with other cancers such as oral, esophageal nasopharyngeal and larngyeal, and with some researches claiming evidences of its HPV etiology, the possibility of using HPV vaccines against breast cancer...
5 Pages(1250 words)Coursework

Human Papillomavirus Research Paper

...to the amount of contact that children make with each other. As previously mentioned, there is a significant lack of awareness in regard to the human papillomavirus. In response, medical professionals are making it easier for people to obtain information about the virus. First and foremost, the medical community are speaking out to the people who are most at risk: adolescents and sexually active people. Presentations are being undergone in schools, pamphlets and information packets are more readily available at doctors’ offices, and school nurses are encouraging screenings and vaccinations for the infection. The media is also doing its part by utilizing advertisements...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

HIV screening for potential immigrants to Canada

...HIV Screening for potential immigrants to Canada Introduction In 2005, 58,000 people in Canada were living with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), (Coyte and Thavorn, 2010). It is a pandemic that remains an enormous challenge in Canada and around the world. In the early days of the HIV/AIDS epidemic fear was widespread and little was known about the disease. Later on, it became very well known, that this virus is passed from one person to another through body fluids such as blood, vaginal fluid, semen, other body fluids containing blood and, sexual contact. As a result to incurability, Canada has made important efforts in moving beyond the medical aspects of the disease trying to...
9 Pages(2250 words)Term Paper

Preventative health screening test

...Preventive Health Screening Introduction There is a growing trend among the young adults of undergoing preventive health screening test. Screening for the identification of identifiable diseases in the young and tender age of adolescence provides the individual with relief from these diseases in the long run. Owing to the usefulness and benefits of preventive health screening, it is readily adopted as a preventive measure. This paper discusses the objective, types and importance of preventive health screening for young adolescents. Objective of ScreeningScreening services are offered for various kinds of diseases including abdominal aortic aneurysm, heart disease risk, stroke, peripheral arterial disease and breast cancer... . The...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Human papillomavirus (HPV)

...the value of vaccines available for prevention of this virus. The report is addressed to the Minister of Health. What is HPV? The first step that the Ministry of Health should take in addressing the issue of Human papillomavirus is to understand the virus as well as how it affects human beings. As a Minister of Health, it is inevitable to have a clear understanding of this virus. Human papillomavirus is virus from the papillomavirus family. It is sexually transmitted and is the most common STI. The virus is available in over 40 HPV...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Human papilloma virus (HPV)

...among men also remains unknown, and the vaccination of boys has not been sufficiently investigated so there are no indications for them. Further investigations are needed to predict and develop the best prevention intervention vaccination program among men. Researchers and policymakers should assist in the planning and implementation of the new policy and in undertaking further evaluation. REFERENCES: 1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) [Internet]. National Center for Health Statistics. 2013. [Accessed on 13th Mar 2014] Available from:...
17 Pages(4250 words)Essay

HPV

...Discussion topic The HPV vaccine protects against infection with specific human papillomavirus species that cause cervical and other cancers and genital warts (immunizationinfo.org, 2008). The virus can be acquired through sexual contact and intercourse. Requiring the vaccine in public schools has a number of benefits. If the vaccine is universally recommended by a governing body, it removes the social stigma that is associated with the vaccine, wherein girls and women receiving the vaccine may be considered as being engaged in risky sexual behavior when compared to those not taking the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection

...cervical cancer (Levesque, 2014). Cancer is a chronic illness that is deadly, quite expensive to treat and manage. Most women who suffer from cervical cancer end up having their uterus or part of the cervix removed (Chaturvedi, et al. 2011). The implication is that they may never conceive from that point forward. The danger of this infection thus underscores the significance of the topic on health care of women. Two questions related to the human papillomavirus (HPV) infection that I would like to explore and explained why are as follows: What are the chances of the disease manifesting itself in an infected person? Research indicates that up to 90 percent of the...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Discuss the potential health and economic impact of adding human papillomavirus vaccine (hpv) to existing screening programs for FREE!

Contact Us