Varied intervention measures are utilized in treating, teaching and working with children with special learning needs. These children need to grow and experience normal living as much as possible despite their disability. Their needs vary from one child to another depending on the serenity of their condition…
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One of the most common conditions in the category of developmental disorders is called autism. Autism is characterized by different kinds of improvement in the verbal and non-verbal communication mastery, social interaction, self help and playing skills as well as academic (intellectual) and cognitive skills. Other observable traits include limited repetitive and extreme patterns of behavior (Boyd, R.D. & Corley, M.J. 2001, 19). It is therefore imperative that the curriculum as well as other aspects of learning the designed in such a manner as to wholly meet the needs of these children.
This section examines the learning needs of an autistic child and the theories that form the basis of select learning environments with the view of creating a most apt learning environment for specific special needs of a child.
There are several groups of children with special learning interaction and communication needs. These conditions may include inherent conditions such as Autism, Aspergers syndrome, Down syndrome (Autism Spectrum disorders) and various physical impairments that include, hearing disorders, blindness and dumbness. Children who are born with or who develop these conditions are faced with a myriad of challenges in relationships as well interpreting, understanding the world around them. They lack the ability to communicate effectively.
Autistic children seem to be in a world of their own and are not able to make out meanings of verbal and non-verbal communications such as gestures, facial expressions, physical contacts and even words spoken by people. (Anderson et al 1987, 352-366). Their semantic skills are disoriented and they seem to be indifferent about what is going on around them and even the people who are trying to interact with them. Their behavior does not match their feelings and interacting or relating with other people becomes very difficult if not impossible.
For instance, an autistic child will see another child with a toy and since the autistic child cannot express him/herself and as such cannot let the other child know that she would want to play with the toy, the only option left for the autistic child is to grab the toy by force.
Autistic children's needs are hardly understood by most people around them and therefore are not acted upon on time. This can be a cause of frustration to the child and lead to antisocial behavior such as acts of violence. It can also frustrate the other party who do not understand the autistic child's behavior interprets the behavior in the wrong way. This therefore, results in a conflict because other people not in the special group category cannot comprehend autistic people therefore not able to meet their need appropriately.
Autistic children have difficulties learning different words and may not show any response when words are spoken to them. Due to the these developmental disorder autistic children usually lag behind in developing self help skills such as toileting skills, eating, dressing themselves and even playing skills (Beukelman, D. & Miranda, P. 1998, 129-34). They tend to be obsessed in arranging things in a
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As the paper, A Progressive Learning App for Children that are behind, declares Marketing strategies and implementation plan have been developed after conducting market analysis including market competition, SWOT analysis and consumer behavior analysis. This market plan also induces future scenario and action plan.
The author states that autistic children are generally found to be at least average intelligence, possibly above-average. However, IQ tests simply do not work with these kinds of students, due to the requirement of quick response. When not even sure that you autistic children see the world in the same way.
ASD is a term that includes a variety of diagnoses such as Classic autism, Asperger Syndrome and High functioning autism. As such, it is also referred to as a spectrum disorder. What is Asperger Syndrome? Asperger Syndrome affects an individual based on three aspects.
These developmental delays are caused majorly by heredity or from the environment. Heredity or more specifically genetics can entail autosomal or chromosomal abnormalities such as Turner’s syndrome, Fragile X syndrome and Down’s syndrome. Environmental factors contributing to delayed development can include the effect of drugs and medication taken by the mother during their pregnancy such as Anesthesia (has short term effects), alcohol, the child may also have diseases such as AIDS.
The goal when working or teaching these children is always to help them achieve the maximum level of independence as well as being able to reach their potential in all aspects of their lives. Children with special needs may develop normally up to a
According to the paper autism is recognised as a severe childhood disorder that has lifelong impact on autistic children. At present, diagnostic criteria and the major symptoms that can be related with autism can be identified as impairment in verbal and non-verbal communication. Autism has serious impacts on the families with autistic children and adult.
ASD is characterized by having repetitive mannerisms (MacKenzie 19), mild-to-severe form of self-injurious behaviour (i.e. violently banging the head on a wall, hair pulling, etc.) (Edelson), agression, abnormal speech, and
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For example, the communications and media department should work together with the public relations department to keep abreast to the current trends of an advertising industry. Both departments should know the pulse of the demands
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