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Autism - Essay Example

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Download file to see previous pages... hyperactivity, feeding and sleeping problems, delays in motor development, biting and hair
Individuals suffering from Asperger Syndrome usually hold conversations which are
mostly about themselves, with the voice tending to be flat and emotionless and the speech
becoming stilted and repetitive. They are found lacking common sense and an ability to think
abstractly in addition to displaying inappropriate reciprocity in terms of social interaction, in
addition to engaging in odd-forms of self-stimulatory behaviour. Though it is widely assumed
that high-functioning autistics have Asperger Syndrome, it may be noted that there are several
other forms of autism that are high-functioning as well and that Asperger Syndrome and autism
are clinically separate categories (Rinehart, Nicole J., Bradshaw, John L., Brereton, Avril V.,
Tonge, Bruce J., 2002)
Approximately 15% to 20% of those with Fragile X Syndrome exhibit autistic-type
behaviours, such as poor eye contact, hand-flapping or odd gesture movements, hand-biting, and
poor sensory skills. Behaviour problems and speech/language delay are common features of
Fragile X Syndrome.
A common characteristic of Landau-Kleffner Syndrome, which is often diagnosed in
conjunction with autism is the failure to respond to sounds. Thus, parents may suspect their
child of hearing loss. Autistic characteristics seen in Landau-Kleffner Syndrome individuals
include pain insensitivity, aggression, poor eye contact, insistence on sameness, and sleep
problems. Some suggested causes have been a dysfunctional immune system, exposure to a
virus, and brain trauma; anticonvulsant mediations, corticosteroids and brain surgery being used
for treatment.
Prader-Willi Syndrome is a disorder which is...
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