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hyperactivity, feeding and sleeping problems, delays in motor development, biting and hair
Individuals suffering from Asperger Syndrome usually hold conversations which are
mostly about themselves, with the voice tending to be flat and emotionless and the speech
becoming stilted and repetitive. They are found lacking common sense and an ability to think
abstractly in addition to displaying inappropriate reciprocity in terms of social interaction, in
addition to engaging in odd-forms of self-stimulatory behaviour. Though it is widely assumed
that high-functioning autistics have Asperger Syndrome, it may be noted that there are several
other forms of autism that are high-functioning as well and that Asperger Syndrome and autism
are clinically separate categories (Rinehart, Nicole J., Bradshaw, John L., Brereton, Avril V.,
Tonge, Bruce J., 2002)
Approximately 15% to 20% of those with Fragile X Syndrome exhibit autistic-type
behaviours, such as poor eye contact, hand-flapping or odd gesture movements, hand-biting, and
poor sensory skills. Behaviour problems and speech/language delay are common features of
Fragile X Syndrome.
A common characteristic of Landau-Kleffner Syndrome, which is often diagnosed in
conjunction with autism is the failure to respond to sounds. Thus, parents may suspect their
child of hearing loss. Autistic characteristics seen in Landau-Kleffner Syndrome individuals
include pain insensitivity, aggression, poor eye contact, insistence on sameness, and sleep
problems. Some suggested causes have been a dysfunctional immune system, exposure to a
virus, and brain trauma; anticonvulsant mediations, corticosteroids and brain surgery being used
Prader-Willi Syndrome is a disorder which is...
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(“Autism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1511380-autism
(Autism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words)
“Autism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1511380-autism.
The uniqueness of autism overshadows all other developmental orders. Without a concrete evidence, the diagnosis of and prognosis for autism is full with doubt. This vagueness makes it very hard for parents to accept the child’s condition. Second, parents of children with autism are frequently deprived of various essential rewards for parenthood because the disorder is characterized by difficulties with social interaction, such as developing attachments and showing affection.
According to the paper autism is more than three times more likely to occur among boys than in girls. The exact cause of autism is unknown to the medical community, but there are variety of factors that combined could be causing the disease. Children born with autism require a lot of care and attention.
In the clinical practice, the word autism spectrum disorder abbreviated as ASD and it is always used jointly to refer to autism, Asperger syndrome, and PDD-NOS. Communication uniqueness that is the diagnostic of autism is recapitulated, with deliberation of the overlap amid social and communication problem, predominantly for children with autism performance at the prelinguistic stage.
According to the paper individuals get extremely confused when they think about autism, as they perceive it to be a childhood disorder. An invasive disorder influences social and communication skills and to some extent affects motor and language skills. A wide-ranging diagnosis can include children with mental retardation and high IQ and people with extreme traits in their personality.
The real cause of the disorder has not yet been discovered. However, psychologists associate it to atypical chemistry and biological processes in the brain (Corsello, 2005). Autistic children encounter difficulties when performing activities such as verbal and nonverbal communication, play, and social interactions (Cohen, 2002).
Weaver and Hersey (2005) report that at least 1.5 million children and adults have been diagnosed with Autism in America as estimated by the The Spectrum Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), also known as Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD) along with the developmental disorders that fall under its umbrella are disorders are characterized by deficits in social and communication skills.
Symptoms of autism are generally noticeable to the trained eye before a child’s third birthday but the disorder usually remains undiagnosed until or after that age. The level of autistic severity varies. Some afflicted persons require constant and extensive assistance in virtually all facets of their lives but others have the ability to perform at a much higher level. Some, with adequate and early therapy, are able to attend regular classes in school and secure avenues of employment afterwards albeit somewhat limited.
The disorder has a strong genetic connection and individuals afflicted with the severe form experiencing facial malformation ("Micrornas provide new," 2011). There are a number of pervasive characteristics of
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