StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Nobody downloaded yet

An Overview of Approaches to Autism - Assignment Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
"An Overview of Approaches to Autism" paper looks at how autism may be explained at the genetic, physiological, and psychological levels. Describing important factors in these areas, the author attempts to bring together various existing approaches, theories, and speculations regarding autism…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.4% of users find it useful
An Overview of Approaches to Autism
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "An Overview of Approaches to Autism"

Download file to see previous pages The term autism was first applied by Dr. Leo Kanner, a psychiatrist at John Hopkins University, to describe a group of children who were self-absorbed and had severe behavioral, social, and communication problems. Based on large-scale surveys conducted in England and The United States, general statistics of 4.5 out of 10,000 live births is widely accepted as the prevalence rate of autism. Recent statistics have included a range of autism spectrum disorders (a term first suggested by Wing and Gould in 1979) like PDD (Pervasive Developmental Disorder) and Asperger syndrome along with autism in determining autism prevalence statistics, indicating incidence higher rates of ¼ % to ½ % of the population. There are many more children with autistic-like disorders than there are children with autism itself. Thus it is difficult to say that this or that symptom will establish an individual as autistic beyond doubt. Autistic individuals may exhibit several behaviors that are common to disorders that are classified separately such as Angelman Syndrome, Asperger Syndrome, Attention Deficit Disorder, Fragile X Syndrome, Landau-Kleffner Syndrome, Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Prader-Willi Syndrome, Rett Syndrome, and Wills Syndrome. Let us look at some of these.

Though not considered a sub-type of autism, individuals suffering from Angelman Syndrome may exhibit characteristics that are similar to that of autism, often leading to a secondary diagnosis of autism, like hand-flapping, little or no speech, attention deficits, hyperactivity, feeding and sleeping problems, delays in motor development, biting and hair-pulling.

Individuals suffering from Asperger Syndrome usually hold conversations that are mostly about themselves, with the voice tending to be flat and emotionless and the speech becoming stilted and repetitive. They are found lacking common sense and an ability to think abstractly in addition to displaying inappropriate reciprocity in terms of social interaction, in addition to engaging in odd-forms of self-stimulatory behavior. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(An Overview of Approaches to Autism Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words, n.d.)
An Overview of Approaches to Autism Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1702915-describe-how-autism-may-be-explained-at-the-genetic-physiological-and-psychological-levels-and-show-how-different-explanations-contribute-to-our-overall-unders
(An Overview of Approaches to Autism Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words)
An Overview of Approaches to Autism Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1702915-describe-how-autism-may-be-explained-at-the-genetic-physiological-and-psychological-levels-and-show-how-different-explanations-contribute-to-our-overall-unders.
“An Overview of Approaches to Autism Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1702915-describe-how-autism-may-be-explained-at-the-genetic-physiological-and-psychological-levels-and-show-how-different-explanations-contribute-to-our-overall-unders.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF An Overview of Approaches to Autism

Autism

... looking after their autistic children/child. The practitioner during the interview reported that: School can work together with the parents to recognize their child’s autism, develop communication skills and implement practical approaches to deal with their child’s behaviour. Furthermore, school support for autistic children will also help relieve certain amount of stress from the parents. Inter-agency collaboration for supporting children with autism and their families Parents, schools and agencies have to increase mutual working relationships to maximize outcomes. The practitioner during the interview reported that: Parents and the community have to contribute in educational planning, goals and interventions. Shared goals and strategies...
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay

Autism

...Name of author: Autism The emotional development of a child is as important as his physical development. Proper care is necessary for children to grow healthier. However, in some cases, even if the parents take immense care, the emotional development of a child can be adversely affected because of the genetic problems. One of the peculiar aspects of autism is the fact that autistic children may exhibit extra ordinary skills in some areas whereas they may show adjustment or adaptation problems in other areas. Both environment and heredity play an important role in the emotional development of a child and heredity seems to be the most important factor among the two. Even though, many psychological problems can be occurred to a child due...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Autism

... especially when a biological marker misses, encountering such problems among medical practitioners becomes infrequent and due to the normal variations that exist in child development. Even with the diagnosis of autism, the problem of unavailability of treatment persists. Most children would be diagnosed as retarded hence the administration of the wrong approach to treatment (Kogan et al. 1398). The public knows little on autism hence the hostility and insensitivity from the public on parents of autistic children who behave inappropriately in public. The prognosis of autism has also been noted to be limited. Therefore, the important role that parents being part of the family unit would play in ensuring that autistic conditions...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Autism

...? Autism al affiliations Introduction Autism is a neurodevelopment disorder which is defined by the impairments in communicationand social growth, being adjunct with stereotyped prototype of interest. Along with insidious developmental abnormality, the specified autism is classified as the pervasive developmental abnormality within the DSM-IV of the APA (American Psychiatric Association). In the clinical practice, the word autism spectrum disorder abbreviated as ASD and it is always used jointly to refer to autism, Asperger syndrome, and PDD-NOS. Communication uniqueness that is the diagnostic of autism is recapitulated, with deliberation of the overlap amid social and communication problem, predominantly for children with autism...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Autism

This condition is associated with the difficulties in motor attention and coordination, intellectual disability, and issues of physical health such as gastrointestinal and sleeps disturbances. Evidence shows that some children who are diagnosed with ASD show excellence in music, art, visual skills, and math (Folstein & Piven, 1991). This paper seeks to discuss autism. The roots of autism seem to be in the very early development of brain. However, most of the obvious autism signs and symptoms appear at the age of 2 and 3. In the United States, autism statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) shows that 1 out of 88 children in America are on autism spectrum; this is a 10 fold increase of autism prevalence...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Autism

This paper approves that this theory alludes to the notion that autistic children fail to understand the thoughts and opinions of others. Moreover, they have difficulties in understanding other the attitudes and emotions of their parents and peers. This theory has been used to test typical children and those with mental retardation; its phenomenon seems to be distinctive for autistic children. The theory appears to be independent of intelligence. Interestingly, pre- primary children with autism have trouble understanding when others do not have an answer to their question. They are likely to get upset. These children do not realize that other people are different from them and this result to difficulties in communication and socia...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Autism

... as an independent adult. It has been demonstrated that this disorder of a biological nature can be effectively treated by utilizing a behavioral approach. This concept is examined in addition to the symptoms, tests and treatments for autism. Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler was the first to use the term ‘autism’ in 1911 but he used to describe what is now known as schizophrenia. In 1943 Johns Hopkins University Dr. Leo Kanner used the term to describe the condition we are familiar with today following his study of 11 children that had withdrawn from contact with people, some as young as one year old. It wasn’t until the 1960’s the symptoms and treatment for the disorder was better understood. Until then “this lack of understanding...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Autism

...Autism Autism has always been a challenging disorder. There are difficulties with defining, identifying and diagnosing autism. The definition is an umbrella term to incorporate the many symptoms of autism that overlap with other pervasive developmental disorders. The prevalence of autism has been assessed in various ways in different parts of the world. Reasons for the rise in the prevalence are included. The controversy over the suggested link between immunizations and the occurrence of autism is examined. Autism is a behavioral disorder which has been a challenge to understand, diagnose and treat for many years. There is still no definite answer concerning the cause of autism. It affects the entire family of the child living...
17 Pages(4250 words)Research Paper

Autism

...Autism Angelica Pierce PSY 5410 David Horner November 20, of the Rockies Autism is one of the serious genetic diseases which create problems in social interactions, language learning and behaviours etc. More than 90% of the causes of autism are related to genetics or heredity. Even though, medical science has advanced a lot, so far no effective medicines or treatment options were developed to tackle autism. Autistic patients may exhibit extra ordinary skills in some areas of learning whereas they may lack skills in other areas. Even though, many genetic factors are suspected as the major causes of autism, some neurotransmitters, synapses and malfunctioning of the neurons etc seem to be more relevant. This paper specifically focuses on how...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

Autism

... Autism Interview Part Autism is a developmental disability based on neurology, which affects the victim’s communication, decision making and socialization skills seriously. This part of the paper is an overview of the interview questions directed to two autism patients named James and Joyce. James is 26 years old and lives with his parents while Joyce is 22 years old and studies in a special school for people with disabilities. The two were chosen because they were willing to share their experiences in public. Q: How old were you when you were diagnosed with autism? Joyce: I found out that I had autism when I was 3 years old. Back then, most people did not know much about the condition as they do today. James: I was 8 years old when I...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Assignment on topic An Overview of Approaches to Autism for FREE!

Contact Us