Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

PBIS and RTI in the Pre-Referral Process for Special Education - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
PBIS and RTI in the pre-referral process for Special Education Name Institutional affiliation Tutor Date PBIS and RTI in the pre-referral process for Special Education In an attempt to attain results in special schools, it is the responsibility of the Special Education educators to ensure that they apply benchmarks that will be of assistance in maintaining success and support student performance…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.1% of users find it useful
PBIS and RTI in the Pre-Referral Process for Special Education
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "PBIS and RTI in the Pre-Referral Process for Special Education"

Download file to see previous pages These models have been credited for their ability to come up with the best solutions regarding the best programs and modes of instructions to subject the exceptional learners. In relation to the policies of the government on an inclusive curriculum, learners of special needs also need to be incorporated in the educational system. The models of PBIS and RTI have been indicated to ensure that learners are not discriminated on the basis of their affiliations and exceptionality. All learners, according to the ‘No child left Behind Act’ must go through an educational system that caters for their needs. The RTI model is an approach that focuses on learner differences in a learning situation. According to Burns, et al (2007), the RTI model is a model that is driven by the standards of learning, as well as, the responses portrayed by learners under instructions. This is an interpretation of the fact that, the RTI model is much more concerned with the progress of learners under specific instructions- responses to instructions. Additionally, the RTI model offers support and intervention to learners of varying needs in a classroom setting. RTI interventions are provided by specialized persons and depend on the needs of the particular learners. Burns, et al (2007) argue that, RTI model applies concepts of problem solving skills, so as to deal with learner needs. In the case of the learners with special needs, the instructors apply the concepts of problem-solving skills, in an endeavor to come up with the best learning strategies to fit such learners. They continue to argue that, RTI model allows for an integration of all systems that are of benefit to the learners, in terms of implementation of policies put in place to fit all learners. In relation to the pre-referral process for Special Education and the Response to Intervention Framework model (RTI), this model is useful in assessing the capacity of learners and their achievements in the learning situation. This interprets that the RTI model is an assessment model that assesses the success of learning methods and instructions in the learning environment, in context of the special learners. Burns, et al (2007) indicate that learners who have successfully managed to go through this process are in a high probability to fit in the learning setting. Additionally, special learners who are able to respond to the RTI model are more likely to display higher levels of success unlike learners who do not respond to the basics of the RTI model. PBIS ensures that all students access quality education by ensuring that all learners have access to the best learning practices and interventions. Mitchell (2007) argues that PBIS is a framework that is responsible for the best form of curriculum and selection of practices that are guided towards behavioral practices that ensure academic and behavioral outcomes are achieved by all learners in the classroom setting. Mitchell (2007) continues to argue that PBIS works towards coming up with basics for proper decision making and fashioning attributes that can be assessed through the basics as well as establish systems that work towards implementation of these systems. Analysts and researchers argue that it is vital to note that PBIS is not a form of curriculum, but a system that is set towards enhancing access and implementation of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“PBIS and RTI in the Pre-Referral Process for Special Education Essay”, n.d.)
PBIS and RTI in the Pre-Referral Process for Special Education Essay. Retrieved from
(PBIS and RTI in the Pre-Referral Process for Special Education Essay)
PBIS and RTI in the Pre-Referral Process for Special Education Essay.
“PBIS and RTI in the Pre-Referral Process for Special Education Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF PBIS and RTI in the Pre-Referral Process for Special Education

Response to Intervention-RTI

...Response to Intervention---RTI Introduction Response to Intervention (RTI) describes a process that assesses how well students are able to respond to variations in the instruction (Wedl, 2005). The approach gained credibility in the last decade as alternative to the criteria used traditionally in teaching students with special needs. The most critical elements of the RTI approach are that it facilitates adoption of intervention and instruction program in education that is based on research and scientific facts (Klotz, 2007). RTI also facilitates monitoring and assessing progress of a student in response to interventions and instruction. Consequently, RTI model is critical in making decisions on students who could require more... ...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Special Education

...? Special Education Corse: Introduction The article “Can 20% of schoolchildren really have Special Needs? No, says SEN coordinator” is an article discussing the nature and status of specific education needs students in the United Kingdom. In this article, Garry Freeman (2012) tackles two major issues with regard to special education. The first issue that he tackles is the belief and the accusation that schools in UK are overstating the number of special education students in their school in order to get more funding from the government. This assumption and accusation comes from the fact that schools stand...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

The Pre and Referral Process

...The Pre and Referral Process It is very important for the educational system to help in preparing all s for their future lives, careers and citizenship given the demands of the 21st century (Samuel et al, 32). Schools should aim at providing multiple opportunities for every student as well as ensuring various pathways for all students to achieve the results they desire. In some cases however, some students may not meet the behavioral and learning standards expected for their respective age groups. Additional support may be required to assist such students in their education and help them prepare for a much brighter future just like their age or...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Special Education

...?Special Education Instruction Special Education Benefits and drawbacks to a person with disability living in urban and rural areas Disability is a challenge for both elderly and youths and it has numerous challenges that affect nearly all nations, but with different measures depending on the programs that every nation has put in place to help these persons (Strax et al., 2012). Notably, nearly 180 to 220 million youths have certain degree of disability worldwide and of this population nearly 80 percent are in the developing countries. In the developing countries most of this population is found in the rural areas since they are considered as unproductive. Additionally, the disable persons in the rural area usually lack essential... ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...with educable mental retardation, emotional disturbances, and learning disabilities. In general, class size and class mix standards for students with low incidence disabilities are seen as less problematic than those for students with emotional disturbances, educable mental retardation, and learning disabilities. However, there are a few exceptions, most notably caseload sizes for early childhood special education and speech-language impairment. Another of the studys significant accomplishments, as documented by an external process evaluation by the Evaluation Center of the University of Virginia, was its successful implementation of a complex,...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Special Education

...and making comments on the borders of a text to provide short and useful explanations. Field notes were highly important, especially during data analysis, as they highlight events and statements that proved significant to the study. It also covered some of the things that the interviewer might have missed. Expert Opinion. An expert on special education who has a background on Psychology was present at all interviews. This ensured that the answers were being given were interpreted and analyzed with the eye of an expert. The expert was also consulted when the e-mail interviews have all gone in. His or her field notes were used in the discussion, as well as during the coding process. The...
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay

Special Education

...forward with Inclusive Practices” All Students All Schools Newsletter, 3: 1,4 * Motwani, Mona, 2007. “The ADA and IDEA Basics: Inclusion of Children with Disabilities.” Exchange: The Early Childhood Leaders Magazine since 1978.” 174: 14-19 * Ritter, C.L., Michael, C.S. and Irby, B, 1999. “Concerning inclusion: perceptions of middle school students, their parents and teachers.” Rural Special Education Quarterly, 18(2): 10-17 * Rafferty, Yvonne and Boettcher, Caroline, 2000. “Inclusive education for pre schoolers with disabilities: comparative views of parents and practitioners.” ERIC document no: ED 450 505 * Stainback, S. and Stainback, W,...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Special education

...Special education What court case decision clarified that “separate cannot be equal”? Explain the affect this court case continues to have on the field of special education? The case where parents with children with disabilities filed a court case complaining about their children missing out on regular classes when they are put in different classes to receive special education. The ruling was made by Brown vs the board of education of Topeka in Kansas that separate cannot be equal. It meant that having students with special needs in different classrooms does not mean they are receiving the best possible...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Special education

...Education Nelly Reddix Centre: Special Education Brochure “Promoting a Child’s Ability in Disability” Financial Support The and Northside Independent School district programs help families in need. Eligibility of a child is based on his or her diagnosis. Special Needs Fund Program: Helps to pay for Special needs equipment. All families that have a child who is eligible for Children’s Special Health Care Services may qualify. Apply at the Central Office or by call 210-397-8500. Medicaid Waiver Program: Program best suited for students with Intellectual and Development Disabilities. More information about this program will be available at...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Autism and Special Education

...-organized process. The fact that PBS is targeted towards persons with behavior problems implies that it is intended and has to be well structured to meet the desired goal. Second, PBS is administered by people with the knowledge and skills. It is apparent that the persons with behavior problems are the targets of PBS. Therefore, they cannot be responsible for designing, planning, and administering their own PBS. There have to be other people with the necessary capacity to implement the PBS. In most cases, PBS interventions are offered in school settings. Therefore, special education teachers are likely to be the ones responsible for planning and implementing the interventions. Finally,...
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic PBIS and RTI in the Pre-Referral Process for Special Education for FREE!

Contact Us