The Impact of Motivation on English Language Learning Research Paper Name of of Professor Abstract Numerous studies have shown that motivation is positively linked to success in learning the English language or any other second language…
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Although it is widely documented that motivation is a proven means to success in language learning, several countries, like the Gulf States, remain reluctant to cultivate learners’ motivation to learn a second language due to several reasons. Therefore, this research paper analyses the impact of motivation on English language learning. Introduction Motivation has been broadly recognised by scholars, researchers, and teachers as one of the major variables that determine the level and success of second language learning (SLA). As emphasised by Dornyei (2001), “teacher skills in motivating learners should be seen as central to teaching effectiveness” (P. 116). Motivated learners are enthusiastic, eager to work hard, concentrate on the tasks given, do not require constant encouragement, willingly confront challenges, and could even motivates others, facilitating collaborative learning. The early attempt to understand the impact of motivation on English language learning stems from the field of social psychology (Gu, 2009). This research paper analyses the impact of motivation on English language learning in terms of the various motivational theories. The motivation of learners greatly affects their willingness to take part in the process of learning. Numerous studies have reported the importance of viewing the concept of motivation as a multifaceted phenomenon. Oxford and Shearin (1994) have examined a number of motivational theories and six variables that influence motivation in language learning (Al-Bustan & Al-Bustan, 2009, S454): Attitudes (i.e. sentiments towards the target language). Beliefs about self (i.e. expectations about one’s attitudes to succeed, self-efficiency, and anxiety). Goals (perceived clarity and relevance of learning goals as reasons for learning). Involvement (i.e. extent to which the learner actively and consciously participates in the learning process). Environmental support (i.e. extent of teacher and peer support). Personnel attributes (i.e. aptitude, and language learning experience). As argued by Pit Corder, “given motivation, it is inevitable that a human being will learn a second language if he is exposed to the language data” (Dornyei & Ushioda, 2009, 1). This statement was given four decades ago and, from then on, numerous theroetical perspectives and studies investigating the multifaceted nature of motivation and its impact on second language learning have emerged. At the same time, the world has also witnessed the growth of globalisation, European reconstruction, the demise of communism, extensive economic and political migration, greater mobility, and the rapid development of media technologies—all contributing to the relentless pace of global English (McKay, 2002). In other words, over the recent decades the world has transformed dramatically—it is currently distinguished by sociocultural and linguistic flexibility and diversity, where language learning, identity, and ethnicity have become multifaceted contemporary subject matters and the focus of considerable attention in the field of sociolinguistic. However, it is only recently that those engaged in the field of second language learning motivation have actually started to investigate what this evolving global phenomena may suggest for how scholars conceptualise the motivation to acquire proficiently in global English as second language for individuals wanting to gain global recognition or identity (Shafaei & Nejati, 2008). In other words, motivation
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It is a social thing through which individuals offer their experiences to others and obtain their experience in return (Nakata, 2006). Motivation to learn a foreign language is described as the learner’s orientation with the purpose of learning a second language (Norris-Holt, 2001).
According to Kroll (1990), the learning of a second language (L2) has been an uphill task for many students. This has been attributed to the difficulties associated with learning of L2. Afzal (2010) clearly states that, students’ motivation is a crucial issue, with respect to the importance of their academic performance, as well as in their professional life.
According to the report students join the secondary schools without mastering the literacy content. This could be lack of proper language and literacy development during the early years. There are several factors that affect proper development of language and literacy in early learners such as socioeconomic status.
As a result, they are often delayed in their development and their expected learning milestones. For students who are second language learners, the process of learning is even more difficult because they cannot understand the medium of instruction. The challenge is for teachers to develop strategies which can help manage these learning difficulties and barriers.
This leads to introverted ethnic communities, perpetuates racially motivated gangs and condones cultural practices seen as unacceptable or illegal by mainstream Australia. The policy of multiculturalism is in fact not supported by the majority of Australians and must be addressed and reformed in order to prevent it being the cause of national disunity.
However, before discussing any determined results, we must underline the importance of language awareness and its theoretical foundation in the acquisition of learning a 2nd language.
Effective instruction for children from culturally diverse backgrounds requires a variety of instructional activities--small group work, cooperative learning, peer tutoring, individualized instruction, and other strategies that take the children's diversity of experience into account.
Furthermore concept such as native like proficiency in terms of learning a foreign language also, invariably forms the basis of such debates. This paper discusses in detail, the concept of critical period hypothesis as proposed by Lennerberg and the various views and
Without the best practices, it will be harder to keep and prosper the employees during economic booms. This paper seeks to explore the best motivation and performance practices and the impact they have on the employee’s working morale.
Because of this, the learner hardly requires any strategic skills in acquiring first language. The evidence of this is in the ability of babies, who hardly have any learning intuition to acquire first language (eLearningGuild, 2006). In the
are a unique subject and, therefore, English as a language to immigrants is not an option, but a necessity to them in order to carry out the daily dealings within the new life context. The fact is a provision that is mandatory regardless of all challenges that the stakeholders
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