Students of all grades, from high school to university, are familiar with the problem of plagiarism. This is a quite ambiguous issue, which includes moral, ethical, and legal phases. It is not like plagiarism appeared yesterday, but with the expansion of the Internet, and rapid information propagation, this issue has become even more menace. Despite the fact that students face the problem of plagiarism most commonly, it is peculiar to different people. Teachers, entrepreneurs, journalists, lawyers, and other people plagiarize works composed by other authors, too. So, in this article, we will be discussing the issue of plagiarism, explain all the related details and definitions. Also, we plan to highlight the plagiarism check itself along with the most popular and accurate tools one can use to check for plagiarism in own paper or essay.
Plagiarism means taking work done by some other person and claiming it as your own. For instance, if you take some quote from work Chrysler LLC Business Failure, and do not cite it in the text and a reference list, you make a plagiarism crime. If you need to include some outside material into your work but don’t want to be accused of plagiarism, you just have to include the references or acknowledgments of the initial document. This statement is equally true for all types of written work, published and unpublished, in handwritten manuscript, printed and electronic form.
Plagiarism nowadays covers a wide range of copying forms. Thus, not only direct stealing is considered to be plagiarism, but also, for example, copying own ideas you already published somewhere is also a form of plagiarizing. Therefore, what StudentShare decided to create a list of all the well-known types of plagiarism and define whether they are critically dangerous to your work and whether you should avoid them or not.
This type of plagiarism covers the fact of using a word for word quotation without the due acknowledgment. Due to the academic requirements, quotations should always be marked by quotation marks and be accompanied by a full referencing of all the sources you cited. It is done mainly for your future readers, who should be aware of the works you used. Also, if your work would be a part of somebody else’s investigation, they might need the direct references to the sources, so that they can include them in own work.
#2. Copy&Paste from the Internet with no referencing
First of all, you should be very careful with all possible Internet resources. Loads of them store either old and irrelevant or false content. Thus, make sure you double check the information before using it for own work. Also, copying such content and pasting it into own work is considered as plagiarism, for those are none of your ideas. Using Internet resources for academic work is great when it is done properly and is accompanied by the due references.
Altering few words in a quotation you take from somebody else’s work, won’t make your own paper unique. Also, without referencing it is considered as plagiarism. It is ok to use the ideas of other people in the context of your work, but you should always remember to put in the due references. It works great with paraphrasing.
Still, this type of using the information might be a bit tricky. When paraphrasing and changing the word order in the text, you need to make sure you express the original author’s thoughts correctly. If the idea seems to be unclear or (even a bit) misleading when you write it down, try to rewrite it or remove it from the text completely. Your main goal is to create good and relevant content. When paraphrasing doesn’t work, you can’t leave it in your text.
This type of plagiarism includes unapproved cooperation between students, or a missing attribute to the received assistance of any kind, or not following the strict regulations of the group work projects. Thus, if you collaborated with somebody in research and did not refer to them in the paper or dissertation you write, you actually commit a crime of plagiarising. Make sure you do a precise copy check before submission.
#5. Inaccurate citation
The correct citation is the one required by the conventions in your discipline. When using sources for your work, you should list them correctly. Also, if the source you use cites other works, and you want to integrate the ideas from there, you need to be accurate with references. You either should get acquainted with the works that contain the ideas originally, or mention that you got them from a secondary text. There are specific rules to do the correct reference, so make sure you follow them.
#6. No acknowledgment of the assistance
Acknowledge of the assistance relates only to your fellow students, technicians and other external sources. Proofreading and advice from your supervisor or tutor do not count. It is only about the guidance you have got from the third party.
This is the funniest form, but still, it exists. What it tells you in simple words is that you can’t submit one work you completed twice. Not in full, nor partially. If you do so, you won’t be able to get the qualification for the course or whole qualification. If you cite the work you submitted previously, you should clearly reference it. Still, if you simply paste a part of your previous work into current one, it is considered to be plagiarism.
Even though most of the students consider plagiarism to be an almost innocent issue, it still can lead to enormous consequences. It won’t actually matter what kind of piracy sneaked out to your research; it would be a committed crime.
If you doubt the harshness of plagiarism, look through several possible outcomes we collected here. Those are not the ghost-stories to scare you off. We at StudentShare do follow the rule forewarned is forearmed. Thus, if decide to go for copying somebody’s work, you have to be aware of the possible consequences.
1) Plagiarism might expel you from the course
Loads of today’s classes are having a variety of essay and paper assignments. This task is supposed to teach students some essential skills, like generating a topic, performing thorough research, gain an understanding of the issue, the capability to formulate thoughts in a clear manner and many more. Tutors also pay particular attention to how you process the information.
Thus, plagiarism here is the worst thing you can do. It reveals some issues you might have, like being unable to articulate own thoughts, think independently and share own point of view on the chosen issue. Therefore, being excluded from a course after submitting a plagiarized essay should be no wonder.
2) Plagiarism can destroy your work
Even if you worked hard to complete a good paper, having a plagiarised element included can destroy it all. See, tutors almost always check papers for plagiarism before reading. Thus, if some part of the essay is plagiarized, most probably, nobody would even care to read the rest. Therefore, your hard work can be destroyed in a moment.
To avoid such a situation, try checking for plagiarism before submission. There are plenty of great online tools for that. Turnitin is considered to be the most precise one. Also, there is a high possibility; your tutor uses it too.
3) Plagiarism can get you banned from the school
That’s right. The thing you might not even consider seriously can lead to the expulsion from the school. It is a quite serious issue. Plagiarizing somebody’s work means stealing it. Thus, it actually transforms you into a thief. No school wants such a dark stain. It is way easier to ban you from school right away than trying to hide a fact of students plagiarizing their works. Remember, school is for studying and gaining knowledge through the hard work. Stealing won’t lead to increased knowledge. That is what your tutors have in mind, and you should have it too.
4) Plagiarism can lead to a legal action
You might never think of it that way, but one day it can happen to you too. Academic works demand a lot of time and hard, concentrated work on the subject. Especially if that is research on a complicated or rare topic. Thus, if you plagiarize such work and publish it under your name, an author can easily start legal action against you. The law, consequently, would be on his side, as he was the author of an original text you used without references. Thus, you steal a work of another person and have to be punished for that. Consider this before doing the copy&paste of somebody’s ideas.
We have gathered some useful sources to educate and guide students. If you would like to learn more about plagiarism and ways to avoid it – check out the list below.
Websites to help you learn what plagiarism is
University of Maryland
On this website, you will find the University of Maryland’s writing program with definitions of plagiarism and ways to avoid it. There is an online library there to help you find some articles and general guidelines for students who want to follow the rules of academic integrity. Access: http://www.umuc.edu/library/libservices/faculty_plagiarism.cfm.
University at Albany – State University of New York
On the website of the State University of New York, you will find a couple of articles about plagiarism, which include definitions and strategies to avoid it. You are free to browse the online library available at the website or simply type the word “plagiarism” into the search bar of the web page and find many useful texts like this one: http://www.albany.edu/eas/104/plagiary.htm.
Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab)
Purdue OWL is for those students and teachers who are interested in correct writing, formatting, and understanding plagiarism. With the help of their guidelines, you will get a clear idea about different writing situations and circumstances when referencing is necessary. Also, you will find out how to avoid any accidental plagiarism: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/3/33/.
University of Kentucky
This website provides a variety of useful texts about plagiarism, penalties for committing it, and clear examples to let you view a full picture. They offer articles that include examples of good and bad paraphrasing, documenting common knowledge, and other helpful tips. Check this PDF guide for a start: https://www.uky.edu/Ombud/Plagiarism.pdf.
Indiana University – Bloomington
This site offers numerous writing and formatting guidelines, as well as information on how to recognize and avoid plagiarism. Here is a link to an article about plagiarism: http://www.indiana.edu/~wts/pamphlets/plagiarism.pdf. There you will find not only information about what plagiarism is and ways to avoid it but also clear examples of correct paraphrasing.
Macmillan Learning provides a wide range of amazing tutorials. There is an entire selection of articles focused mostly on History papers and ways to compose them successfully. There you will find guidelines on planning, preparing, note taking, digital sources usage, and, of course, plagiarism: http://www.macmillanlearning.com/Catalog/contentnew.aspx?Title=19182.
International Center for Academic Integrity
ICAI was founded to decrease all types of academic dishonesty, including plagiarism and cheating. This organization offer resources, services, conversations on different academic integrity topics, and consultations to its members each year at the annual conference. It provides the list of universities who stick to the honor code, as well as membership both individual and institutional.
Johns Hopkins University – Ethics Policy (Nursing)
This document taken from the John Hopkins University’s website is a statement on ethics composed for students who attend the Nursing course, however, it is suitable for any other specialization. There you will find a list of academic violations and ethical issues, including plagiarizing.
PennState Division of Undergraduate Studies – Undergraduate Advising Handbook
This handbook includes information about responsibility for being a part of an academic community and supporting its rules. Also, you will find some useful links in this article to give you even broader look at the academic integrity.
Once your paper is all done, you need to find yourself the best plagiarism checker. You might wonder, whether you need to run a plagiarism check tool over an essay you completed all by yourself. Bad news, guys. You have to run an essay plagiarism checker EACH time you write something. Even if you didn’t seem to use any of the sources, and the essay was your personal opinion on the issue, you have to be sure no sentence was plagiarised.
It might seem a bit excessive at first, but you’ll get used to it pretty soon. As it is said, a double check is always a good idea. We thought it might be a bit hard to find a decent and reliable plagiarism checker in the first place, so we have prepared a list of them.
EVE – Essay Verification Engine
EVE is an advanced plagiarism checker for students and teachers to find and prevent plagiarism on the Internet sources. This tool is not free, but the price is more than affordable. As it is said on their website, this online tool is advanced enough to find different kinds of plagiarism.
Designed by UC Berkeley students, Turnitin is one of the most common names in the world of plagiarism detection. This tool has proved to be effective for students, as well as for teachers. Most college teachers use it and ask their students to check their papers through this program, as it is considered to be most accurate plagiarism checker.
This service is great for checking scholarly documents and papers of a high academic level. It is basically working great as a dissertation plagiarism checker. Still, professional writers can use it to make sure that their content is original. The program has a database of more than 30 million articles and 67 thousands of journals and books.
Glatt Services – Plagiarism.com
What makes plagiarism checker reliable? Probably the mission of the whole service. This website was created to detect plagiarism and help you get rid of it. You are free to take advantage of one of three different services to learn about plagiarism, detect plagiarism for faculty, and for individual use.
This paper plagiarism checker is also among best to fight academic dishonesty. Use it to check your paper for uniqueness, as well as to evaluate language syntax and structure to detect rewritten and poorly paraphrased parts. It is free, but you need to make yourself an account.
This one is a tool for plagiarism detection, grammar checking, and tutoring. This tool is as advanced, as Turnitin (and affiliated with it), and educators and students are recommended to use it for high school, college, and graduate papers.
Plagiarism in Colleges in the USA – Dr. Ronald B. Standler
Ronald Standler is known as a consultant and attorney. He has prepared a clear and detailed document about the legal aspects of plagiarism. In his work, Standler examines copyright law, the law about plagiarism, fraud, trademark, and other important aspects. Also, he looks through the cases that commonly occur in schools and colleges, legal actions against people who blame you for plagiarism and provides useful links relevant to the issue: http://www.rbs2.com/plag.pdf
Defining and Avoiding Plagiarism: The WPA Statement on Best Practices
This is solid research done by Council of Writing Program Administrators. They approach the problem in four ways: defining plagiarism, evaluating different cases and types of plagiarism, offering ideas on how to address the problem (for learners and teachers), and recommending some teaching and learning practices that reduce chances for plagiarism.
Jamie McKenzie – Cyberplagiarism
In his work, Jamie McKenzie offers ideas to prevent plagiarism in colleges. He focuses on the fact that we live in the electronic era and therefore offers to fight the “cut-and-paste” enemy with the modern instruments. He emphasizes essential questions connected with online plagiarism and examines the ways to deal with them.
You can use Yahoo to search information using categories and subcategories. This allows you to insert words and phrases from your text and check whether Yahoo finds them anywhere on the web. Nowadays it appears to be a most reliable plagiarism checker.
Again, use this searching tool to find out whether some phrases and keywords from your text coincide with other online sources.
You know Google for being the most efficient and widely-used search engine, right? But did you know that this service also offers an amazing full-text academic database? Use it to get sources for your papers instead of copying and pasting.
JSTOR is a digital library that stores a great number of primary sources, journals, and books. There you will find full versions of more than 2000 of academic journals. Use it to find the initial sources for your papers as well as current issues.