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Pyrolysis of Aryl Sulfonate Esters in the Absence of Solvent: E1 or E2 - Lab Report Example

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This experiment aimed at synthesizing an aryl sulfonate ester from a substituted aryl sulfonylchloride and an alcohol. It also intended to…
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Pyrolysis of Aryl Sulfonate Esters in the Absence of Solvent: E1 or E2
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"Pyrolysis of Aryl Sulfonate Esters in the Absence of Solvent: E1 or E2"

Download file to see previous pages The produced methyl N-acetylsulfanilate was pyrolysed at a reduced pressure to produce an aryl sulfonic acid and an alkene. The pyrolysate was analyzed using gas chromatography to determine whether the pyrolysis reaction occurred via an E1 or E2 mechanism. The melting point of the methyl N-acetylsulfanilate synthesized was 105 oC while its mass was 1.632 g, which translated to % yield of 73.35 %. The pyrolysis products were an alkene and an aryl sulfonic acid, which occurred via E1 mechanism in the absence of a solvent.
One way through which an alcohol can be activated for subsequent reactions such as conversion into alkenes is being converted into a sulfonate ester. The esterification process involves a reaction between an alcohol and a sulfonyl chloride (Bruice 443). The formation of sulfonate ester is a nucleophilic substitution reaction in which the alcohol displaces the chloride ion. The reaction is as shown
Thermal decomposition (pyrolysis) of sulfonate esters in the absence of solvent frequently leads to the generation of sulfonic acid and alkenes via E1 mechanism (Vollhardt and Schore 464). For high yield to be achieved in this elimination process, the carbon attached to the oxygen-bearing carbon must contain a hydrogen β to the oxygen (CHM 26500 93). For pyrolysis of an aryl sulfonate ester at relatively low temperature, the following reaction takes place
4. The chromarogram obtained can be used to determine whether pyrolysis reaction occurs via E1 or E2 depending on the number of peaks obtained. For this experiment, the number of peaks in the chromatogram is one indicating an E1 mechanism. The peak belongs to methyl N-acetylsulfanilate. For two peaks in the chromatogram, the mechanism will be E2 as the peaks will belong to the sulfonate ester and base used.
5. The basic nature of the aryl sulfonate ester due to the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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