Literature Review on Culture Shock and Poor Adjustment - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
Managing Across Cultures Contents PART ONE: Literature Review on Culture Shock and Poor Adjustment 3 Culture Shock 3 Stages of Cultural Shock 5 Coping Strategies 7 Cultural Learning Approach 8 ABC Model of Culture Shock 8 Conclusion 9 PART 2: Recommendation for Managing Culture shock and Poor Adjustment 10 Reference 15 Bibliography 16 PART ONE: Literature Review on Culture Shock and Poor Adjustment Culture Shock Culture shock can be said to be a process of initial adjustment towards an unfamiliar environment…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.7% of users find it useful
Literature Review on Culture Shock and Poor Adjustment
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Literature Review on Culture Shock and Poor Adjustment"

Download file to see previous pages The term culture shock was first coined by Kalvero Oberg (1960) in order to describe anxiety which resulted from the situation of not knowing or getting familiar with the new culture. The recent literature tends to recognise that culture shock can be applied to any new situation with regards to job, relation and also in relation to adjustment and new identity (Pedersen, 1995, p.1). Oberg has mentioned six aspects of culture shock such as strain which might occur in order to make some psychological adjustments; a feeling of loss or deprivation with relation to factors such as profession, friends, possession and status; by being rejected; confusion in knowing exactly the role, the expectation from the role, self identity, feelings and value; Anxiety, surprise, indication and disgust after knowing about the culture difference and a feeling of failure for not being able to cope with the new environment. Most of the researchers have tried and attempted to extend and improve believe of Oberg that culture shock is just a normal process of adjusting cultural stress. According to Anderson (1994), culture shock is a symptom of frustration reaction (Selmer, 1999, p. 517). Cultural shock, over the last decade has received increased attention where Jack London in one of his stories titled “In a Far Country” had stressed to the fact that visitors who visit another culture needs to be prepared to adopt new customs and leave behind old thoughts and ideas. He suggested that sojourners who temporary reside in another country should be able to seek pleasure in the given condition because of the fact that those who were unable to fit into the new culture tends to return home or die due o physical and psychological ailments. Culture shock is a costly affair for a firm because it leads to premature return of business people who are sent overseas. According to some of the research employees sent to foreign did not fail because of lack of technical skills but inability to adapt the other culture. An estimate of early return showed a range of 45% to 85% employees who returned from overseas. However some companies have experimented with short term stays like two three months and determine the potential of the employee to tolerate other culture so that at a later stage they get prepared for longer stay. Short trips tend to be cost effective as it reduces the burden of moving the family also. Brislin (1981) had identified three strategies which can be used to cope up with the new culture in terms of short visits, Unacceptance of host culture: The travellers do not make any effort to understand and learn the new culture and behaves as they are in home culture Substitution: The travellers tend to learn appropriate behaviour and response from the host culture and substitute them with the one which they use it in the known environment. Addition: The people visiting overseas add the behaviour of the host country in the present of nationals but also maintain the same behaviour when they are confronted with the same culture. Synthesis: this is a strategy which tends to combine the elements of two cultures such as dress on US and Philippines. Resynthesis: this is ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Literature Review on Culture Shock and Poor Adjustment Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/business/1402451-managing-across-cultures
(Literature Review on Culture Shock and Poor Adjustment Essay)
https://studentshare.org/business/1402451-managing-across-cultures.
“Literature Review on Culture Shock and Poor Adjustment Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/business/1402451-managing-across-cultures.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
fo
fokeefe added comment 10 months ago
Student rated this paper as
Great paper! Used it to finish an assignment for a business course. It was easy as ABC, for the first time in my life.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Literature Review on Culture Shock and Poor Adjustment

Culture Shock

...?Culture Shock Introduction The rise in cross country trade resulting from the reduction in entry barriers have given rise immense opportunities for business organizations to seize. Making use of these opportunities however means taking their businesses into countries that may be a vastly different experience than managing business operations at home. These differences arise from the different cultural environments of the new countries to which the business organization wishes to extend its business operations to. It is in this context that an understanding of different countries and intercultural communication becomes important to business organizations. Arriving at efficient...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Culture Shock

...concern over water and food safety, dislike to have physical contact with the natives, fear of getting injured, fear of robbery, and the list is long. According to Oberg, K (1960), there are four stages of culture shock; honeymoon, crisis, recovery, and adjustment. The very first stage is honeymoon. The scholar is of the opinion that at this stage, one is less likely to face culture shock. This is so because for a newcomer, everything is new, exciting, and fascinating, and this stage can be compared to the visit of a tourist (p. 178). A tourist often has very limited interaction with the local people, and is likely to see and experience pseudo events and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Culture Shock and Poor Adjustment

...?PART ONE: Literature Review Culture Shock and Poor Adjustment Globalization is fostering cultural changes and is reshaping the thinking modes of people all over the world. Although this has created a lot of room for the clash of cultures, yet there also exist ways in which different cultures can inspire one another, learn from one another, and appreciate their commonalities as well as differences (Soderberg and Holden, 2002). National culture, in such an increasingly globalized world, is a constraint on the practice of management. Gerhart (2008) found that such...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Culture Shock

...The rapid globalization has brought in an era of pluralistic society that is an amalgamation of people from different countries, races and religion. One of the most important compulsions of the change has been the emigration and immigration of people from one country to another in order to pursue their personal and professional goals. The cultural shock is the condition that is prevalent in global economy. People, coming across from one culture to another that is vastly different from their own, experience the huge difference which is very unsettling and often find it difficult to adjust in the new environment. According to Dr. Guanipa, cultural...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Cross Culture Communication - International experiences: culture shock, acculturation and adjustment

...Cross Culture Communication - International experiences: culture shock, acculturation and adjustment Table of Contents Introduction 3 2.Culture – definition and characteristics 4 3. Culture shock, acculturation and adjustmentreview of literature 7 3.1 Good global manager – characteristics 9 3.2 Women in management – cross cultural prospective 10 4. Case studies on cross culture communication and experiences 11 5. Conclusion 13 References 1. Introduction When trying to identify and evaluate the social rules of societies internationally it is necessary to refer to the environment in which these rules were developed; at this point, the history of a state is expected to have a critical role in the development... of view,...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Culture shock

...and this often proves to be a long term and difficult process. In this condition, feelings of alienation accumulate sharply because of poor adaptation and consequentially, culture shock occurs, followed by a series of psychological confusion and emotional discomfort (Xia, 97– 101). There tends to be many responses to culture shock and this depends on individuals. Some people often choose to immerse themselves completely in the new culture, which they have encountered in an attempt to fit into the fabric of the new society. Such people often shun the culture, which they previously used to practice and instead develop a...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Culture shock

...agree to the description of culture shock presented in the article. The article gives a detailed insight into the topic of culture shock. Aspects discussed in the article include but are not limited to the definition of culture shock, how is it caused, the psychological and emotional effects of culture shock, what can be done about it, and which community is at the greatest risk of experiencing culture shock. After reading this article, one completely understands the concept of culture shock. I particularly agree to the author’s view...
1 Pages(250 words)Article

Culture shock

...Culture Shock al Affiliation) Methodology The method of data collection is through the administration of questionnaires. This was the most suitable method because the research needed a personal touch. The nature of culture shock requires that the responses be of a personal nature. A questionnaire best fits this requirement as opposed to an interview session. This is because the varied nature of respondents meant that interviews would be time-consuming and costly. The questionnaire was administered face-to-face. Those who couldn’t complete them immediately were allowed to submit their questionnaires via e-mail. The questionnaire contained 14 sections each with one...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Culture shock

...Prof. Write an essay about your most memorable culture shock experience College life is almost the opposite of the family life. Before entering college, a student lives his life under authority. Most of the times it is the influence of his parents and a small part of that power is his teachers. This does not imply that college life gives absolute freedom to students. But relatively speaking, it gives them a lot of freedom. It is a practice for them to exercise their autonomy and enjoy their freedom. It was indeed a cultural shock for me to experience college life. To be specific, I realize that the help and pre-placed systems that served me in my school days was not...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Culture shock

...my steps, I always find myself in the company of friends who contributed to my losing direction in life. Works Cited Isibor, Theresa. A Collective Case Study of Strengths, Challenges, and Contributions of International Students in a Large Urban Community College. London: Routledge, 2008. Print. Kopperman, Judith. Peer Support as a Predictor of College Adjustment in Students of Mexican-origin. London: ProQuest, 2007. Print. Munoz, Susana. Understanding Issues of College Persistence for Undocumented Mexican Immigrant Women from the New Latino Diaspora: A Case Study. London: ProQuest, 2008. Print. Rader, Debra & Sittig, Linda. New Kid in School: Using Literature to Help Children in Transition. NY:...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Literature Review on Culture Shock and Poor Adjustment for FREE!

Contact Us