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The Process of Cultural Adjustment - Essay Example

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The aim of this essay is to explain the process of cultural adjustment as well as the effects of cultural shock. Culture shock is when one experiences hardships in trying to blend in a new environment and culture. The process of trying to blend in is called culture adjustment…
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The Process of Cultural Adjustment
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Download file to see previous pages Culture adjustment is trying to change according to the shock associated with the change of environment. Living in a different culture that is dissimilar from the one someone is used to maybe an adventure that is exciting as well as a challenging one. No matter what country one comes from, once they move from one country to another, they will have to go through cultural adjustment due to the difference in cultures (Vivian, 1999). Understanding the process of adjustment may involve getting some support from other people who are familiar with the culture and maybe an exciting experience, both professionally and personally.
Culture may be defined in a number of ways that may bring out different meanings. In some cases, it may be used to refer to the act of appreciating good literature, food, art, and music. For biologists, it may be used to refer to a colony of different types of bacteria or some other organisms. However, for behavioral science, it is a range of patterns of human behavior. It may be otherwise defined as a complex whole that includes belief, knowledge, art, customs, law and any habits and capabilities that are acquired by people as a part of a given society. Culture is a very powerful tool for the survival of humanity, but it is also a fragile phenomenon. Culture is consistently changing and maybe lost easily since it usually exists in the human mind (Rogers, 1996).
Culture is comprised of different layers. The national-level deals with the awareness of the dynamics of culture and their patterns by nationality. The national level is relevant for certain areas such as getting into new markets, cross border division and relationships based on international outsourcing. Another level is the organizational level which focuses on culture dynamics experiences in different organizations (Rogers, 1996). The other levels include the regional or ethnic level that involves the difference in culture between different ethnical groups, generation level that is based on the cultural differences between different cultures, social cultures which is based on the difference in culture between people of different social classes and the functional level based on differences according to different functions.
Culture differences may be defined as the variations in the different ways of life, laws, beliefs, and traditions between unlike countries, people, religion and societies. Some differences between cultures may be enforced by the internal rules, for example, the age one should get married or marry whereas others may happen through a change of time and development towards some way of living, for instance using forks and knives to eat (Kings, 1990).
The theory of Edward T. Hall on low and high context culture is used in understanding the effect on communication caused by culture. The major factor in this theory is context. The contexts relate to the background, surrounding circumstances and framework in which an event or communication takes place. The high context cultures are contemplative, intuitive, collectivist and relational. This means that the individuals in these cultures usually put emphasis on interpersonal relationships. In any business transaction that is important, it is vital to develop trust (Talor, 1990). These cultures prefer group harmony, consensus to different individuals and are collectivists. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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