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Cultural Context: The History and theory of Architecture - Essay Example

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Holism, both as a concept and a framework, has increasingly influenced modern architectural principles and models, due to the rising interests of architects in the sustainability of their designs in relation to, not only its users, but also other sentient beings and the…
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Cultural Context: The History and theory of Architecture
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Download file to see previous pages He further believes that holism is not something people need to achieve for it to exist because “wholeness is what is real” (Bohm, 1980, p.9). He then asserts that conceptualising holism in architecture can be attained through a paradigm shift from a static view of reality to a holistic understanding of reality’s “whole nature” (Bohm, 1980, p.186; Wahl, 2007, p. 233). Thus, by saying “whole nature,” holism encompasses designers, builders and their products, and the effects of these built systems on users and other sentient beings in the environment, as well their impacts on the physical environment and society (Kraftl and Adey, 2008, p.214; Sherman, Shepley and Varni, 2005).
This essay focuses on the theme of holistic practice in architecture. It treats wholeness and holism synonymously. It describes holism through David Bohm’s concept of the implicate order and Christopher Alexander’s phenomenology of wholeness. These concepts are valid to the research needs of this paper because they have similarities in how they see the unbroken wholeness of reality and consciousness, thereby reaffirming the validity of holism and its subsequent legitimate application in architectural thought and practices (Bachman, 2003). In addition, their differences in how wholeness can be characterised will help enrich the theory and practice of holism in architecture (Hensel, 2012). When combined, Bohm’s and Alexander’s theories can provide a reasonably holistic view of wholeness and offer a valid framework in integrating holism into architectural theories and practices (Hensel, 2012). Furthermore, this essay describes how holism may improve architecture’s effects on the health and well-being of humans, other sentient beings and the environment (Sherman et al., 2005). It also considers the products and practices of architecture and associated fine and applied arts and how they can support wholeness using Bohm’s and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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