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The Channel Tunnel: An Analysis - Essay Example

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Joining Britain and France with only 34 kilometres between them was only a dream in the 1800s, but in 1994, it finally became reality. Above-ground conditions between these two countries are not exactly friendly so that only underground avenues had to be exploited to serve the purpose of a railway…
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The Channel Tunnel: An Analysis
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"The Channel Tunnel: An Analysis"

Download file to see previous pages The tunnel was said to be officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II and French President Francois Mitterrand in a ceremony held in Calais on May 6, 1994. Eurostar trains now travel at high speeds in France and upon the Channel Tunnel Rail Link, where the tracks are modern and custom-made for the standard cruising speed of 300 km/h.2
The Channel tunnel has been declared by the American Society of Civil Engineers to be one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World.3 However, the venture was not without many hassles. In fact, the construction had faced a stop-gap measure with at least three attempts at construction - non-construction. This may be perceived as normal among gargantuan projects, considering its capital cost of nearly 5 billion,4 its period of construction stretching so many years with several interruptions, and with intricacies primarily from its character of being below ground and even below sea-level.
It is said, all significant human undertakings can be viewed as projects and that some have more successful outcomes than others. Channel Tunnel in this paper is examined using the project management approach.5 Particularly, it shall look into the "how" of project delivery, examining process. Evaluating the project management allows learning from its successes and mistakes. ...
The project. The Channel Tunnel, also known as 'Euro-tunnel' or 'Chunnel', is a series of three tunnels - two carrying and one service tunnel - linking England to France. The longest undersea tunnel system in the world, the tunnels are 50km long, with an undersea section of 39 km.7 It has a smaller access and emergency evacuation tunnel between them, and through the chalk marl beneath the water,8 it runs underground under the English Channel.9 Through over seven years, 15,000 workers dug for the tunnel from both ends simultaneously. The prime contractor for the construction was the Anglo-French TransManche Link (TML), a consortium of ten construction companies and five banks of the two countries. 10
At that time, this was Europe's most prestigious engineering project. The tunnels were lined with precast concrete segments and, where considered necessary, with cast iron. Linked by cross-passages, the service tunnel provides ventilation and enables access for evacuation in emergency situations. In addition, the tunnels contain cooling pipes, fire-fighting mains, drainage pipes, ventilation equipment, signalling and communication systems and extensive monitoring and control systems. 11
On each side of the Channel, two major terminals were built and linked directly to the respective national road and motorway networks. The road vehicles are carried on shuttles which operate on a loop system between the two terminals. Through-trains directly between London, Paris and Brussels Passengers and freight, passengers are carried on at speeds up to the maximum allowable of 130 km/h.12

B. The business case. By the definition of the Office of Government Commerce (OGC) of the United Kingdom, Channel Tunnel would be more of a program than a project because it is a component of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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