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Introduction What is the reason behind the West's strong enthrallment over Chinese and Japanese gardens? Many people from the Western countries have started to examine the stress placed on impressive flowers with which they mature and develop and at this day and age, strive for an architectural dimension that places the emphasis on plant texture and form, landscape descriptions and water elements…
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Download file to see previous pages Classical Chinese gardens are mostly bounded by walls, and holds ponds, trees, flowers, and rotundas (Hammer, 2003). To fully appreciate the idea behind Chinese gardens, one should know the Chinese concept of the Universe (Wong, 2009). The general concept of a Chinese garden is to acquaint visitors with a sequence of seamlessly created and bordered sights of natural landscapes. On the other hand, Japanese gardens are inspired by scaled down landscapes that are commonly presented in an exceedingly conceptual, intellectual and schematized way (Nitschke 1990). Japanese gardens are closely intertwined with the architectural designs of Chinese gardens in that they were patterned after the Chinese influences (Nitschke 1990), but through time, Japanese builders started to establish their individual artistry, which are derived from Japanese resources and culture. This paper shall elaborate on the cultural implications that are present in both the Chinese and the Japanese architecture and landscape. Particularly, this paper will provide a comprehensive description for the involvement of cultural influence in the formation and development of the Chinese and Japanese architecture in so far as gardens are concerned. Furthermore, the differences between Chinese and Japanese gardens shall be expounded on this paper. An Overview of the Chinese Gardens China is well-known for its longstanding art of designing painterly gardens that appears like a three-dimensional canvases, which implies a coordination and accord between nature and humanity. It is also famous for possessing a huge range of remarkable cultural landscapes that have developed for many centuries. Conventional Chinese gardens were intended to present a sense of being in a greater world, and this is so in order to allow the inhabitant to seize the impressions of meandering through the landscape (Hammer 2003). The arrangements of rocks were perceived as a series of mountains and lofty summits; scaled down trees and shrubberies implied age-old trees and forests; and the small bodies of water like ponds and springs stood in for the great streams and oceans (Hammer 2003). Consequently, Chinese gardens are designed in a manner that resembles the larger natural words; and for that reason, Chinese gardens serve as a microcosm of the larger natural world (Hammer 2003). According to Hammer (2003), Chinese gardens are heavily knotted to Chinese religions, which include Daoism. Daoism believes that human beings are critical components of the natural world and are directed to obey the movement of nature’s progression. It also asserts that humanity should preserve a close association with nature in order to achieve the ideal moral and physical health (Hammer 2003). For this reason, it is rather apparent that Chinese gardens are hugely inspired by their resemblance with nature. The interdependence of humanity and nature are articulated in Chinese gardens by pavilions and pavements, rocks and water. Chinese gardens were organized in harmony with an array of ideologies for putting structures and elucidating landscape arrangements, which is called fengshui (Hammer 2003). Therefore, prior to building ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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