Nobody downloaded yet

System of Structuring Cities and Understanding Interactions between Individual Components within Sets - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Systems of Structuring Cities and Understanding Interactions between Individual Components within Sets The modern city is one of the most complex things that have been created in all of human history. If one examines a city like Tokyo, Manhattan or London, they have an intricacy that is nearly impossible to understand, yet it is an architect’s job…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.3% of users find it useful
System of Structuring Cities and Understanding Interactions between Individual Components within Sets
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"System of Structuring Cities and Understanding Interactions between Individual Components within Sets"

Download file to see previous pages Jane Jacobs illustrates this point most clearly in her chapter in The Death and Life of Great American Cities, “Uses of Sidewalks: Safety.” In this chapter, Jacobs attempts to analyze the ways in which sidewalks serve as a safety network for various cities. They do this in several ways, from the most basic, elevating and separating pedestrians from bikes and cars which could be dangerous to them, to much more complex systems. It is incredibly important, however, that Jacobs recognizes that the sidewalks in and of themselves do very little to create or destroy a safe environment. Jacobs indicates that people are not merely “passive beneficiaries of safety or helpless victims of danger” on sidewalks (30), but rather, everyone who participates in the interactions involved on sidewalks, from people in houses and businesses bordering the sidewalk, to the cars bordering the other side, to the pedestrians actually on the sidewalk, all have an important part to play in keeping these sidewalks safe. She then identifies the human factors that help to keep a feeling of safety or un-safety on sidewalks. Things like high turnover of housing, little community feeling and empty streets with occasional traffic but easy access all lead to feeling (and reality) of un-safety – people are not likely to intervene on each other’s behalf and there is not a high enough mass of people and inter-person respect to provide a feeling of safety. But Jacobs is quick to point out that this safety is not merely a reflection of population density, because if it was, Los Angeles, which is nearly entirely suburban, would have a low rather than high crime rate (32). She also makes it very clear that police cannot solve this problem, and that in fact places with high police presence tend to be the most dangerous – police cannot solve the problems of unsafe cities (31). So to Jacobs the problems of creating safety in cities must rest with people – how to create public spaces in streets and sidewalks that discourage feelings of un-safety while encouraging feelings of community that create a safer environment for everyone. The idea of people being the fundamental unit of architecture appears in the works of Christopher Alexander and Le Corbusier as well, though they take almost opposite tracks to understanding how to fascilitate people’s use of cities. Both recognize very clearly that the living, breathing city is created by people – not the physical spaces, but the people that inhabit them. Alexander takes a natural view of cities, using semilattice and set theory to describe the ways a cities parts interact, through people. He strongly dislikes artificial cities, saying that there is something necessarily missing from them, and that artificial cities tend to create a “tree” system, where each component is only interrelated to each other through its connection to the whole (80). Each leaf is only connected to each other leaf because they are connected to the tree – not because they have any particular relationship to each other. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“System of Structuring Cities and Understanding Interactions between Essay”, n.d.)
System of Structuring Cities and Understanding Interactions between Essay. Retrieved from
(System of Structuring Cities and Understanding Interactions Between Essay)
System of Structuring Cities and Understanding Interactions Between Essay.
“System of Structuring Cities and Understanding Interactions Between Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Structure and Components of the Nervous System
The brain plays key role in controlling behavior (Carlson, 2011). The brain reacts in response to external stimuli passed on by the components of peripheral nervous system. The PNS comprises of somatic and autonomic divisions. The somatic divisions are made up of sensory neurons that are involved in passing external stimuli to the brain from skin, muscles and joints.
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Components of the criminal justice system
The chosen component is law enforcement, and the problem that would be discussed focuses in addressing assassination plots to law enforcement officers in the US by a notorious Mexican gang. The analysis would include a description of the problem, factors believed to have contributed to the problem, recommendation(s) for a solution, and proposed implementation plan for the solution.
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Discuss the similarities and differences between peer:peer interactions and sibling:sibling interactions in different contex
This means that the parties to the social relations must be conscious of each other and have each other's self in mind. Social interaction is not defined by the type of substantial relation. It is a matter of a shared subjective orientation to each other.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Equality Within Modern Educational System
According to the paper National Policies in this context refer to children’s needs and those provisions that are most appropriate for meeting those needs, like Mittler describes inclusive educational practice as necessitating a process of reform and restructuring of the school as a whole, with the aim of ensuring that all pupils can have access to the whole range of educational and social opportunities offered.
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
The Development of a Child
The specific characteristics occur in a particular sequence and within a specific period. The developmental process can be boosted or nurtured by manipulating various events during prenatal life, and physical, social, cultural, learning and emotional areas through environmental stimuli as suggested by some theorists.
15 Pages(3500 words)Essay
ing to GTP and hence acting to control the activity of adenylate cyclase, phospholipases A2 and C, cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase, and even other signal-transducing enzymes (Yarden et al, 1986). Beta-adrenergic receptors (also referred to as beta2-adrenergic receptors) are one
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
John consider city as achievements and failing of humanity ; at first it is shaped by human and then it shapes human lives. In 2030 he expects the population to cover two thirds of the globe (Reader, 2004). People urbanize due to their
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
Four components of an information system
A computer is an information system, and its popularity is testament to the extensive use of information systems. Information systems comprise four basic parts: hardware; software; data; and human resources and processes. Hardware consists of all
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Understanding the Court System
The federal courts hear cases that the U.S. Constitution places under its jurisdiction. On the other hand, the state courts determine the cases that touch on the individual state constitution or the cases that the U.S. Constitution does not give
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Understanding the Education System
The US has integrated a K-12 public school program. The government evaluates students’ performance by analyzing results from standardized tests. Furthermore, the government also sets general education standards to be followed by public schools. The government supervises the school's colleges and university through a board of regents.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic System of Structuring Cities and Understanding Interactions between Individual Components within Sets for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us