The basic characteristics of hominids are conjectured to be thinking, tool-making, talking, hunting, scavenging and bipedalism. However, the First Hominid is yet to be definitively identified. Genetically, man is…
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on a Y.” The explicit pathway of evolution can be traced only through fossil records of extinct species located by paleoanthropologists, who track hominids backward in time. The emergence of the first hominid is confirmed by radiometric dates to be a period between 5 million and 7 million years ago. As all early hominids are African, it is also accepted that the First Hominid lived in Africa. However, finding out the definitive new adaptation that transformed a particular primitive species into the First Hominid is difficult.
Based on essential hominid adaptation, it may be assumed that the identification of the First Hominid may be founded on the following unique hominid characteristics, which are key features that differentiate apes from hominids : hominids are essentially bipedal; hominids are apelike creatures that have lost their sexual dimorphism; hominids have thick dental enamel; Hominids are hand-graspers or manipulators, with long, opposable thumbs and big toes that are closely aligned with the remaining short, straight toes. On this basis, a description of the First Hominid may read like this: “An ape-brained and small-canined creature, with dental enamel of unknown thickness. Large if male but smaller if female. May be spotted climbing adeptly in trees or walking bipedally on the ground. Last seen in Africa between 5 million and 7 million years ago.”
There are two contenders for the title of First Hominid. In 2001, Yohannes Haile-Selassie of the University of California, Berkeley, discovered a specimen in Ethiopian sediments between 5.2 million and 5.8 million years old, named Ardipithecus ramidus kadabba, which means “root ape.” The specimen includes more than 20 teeth, pieces of two left humeri, a partial ulna, a partial clavicle, a half of one finger bone and a complete toe bone. The second contender is the 6 million-year-old Orrorin tugenensis, or “original man,” found by a joint French-Kenyan team headed by Brigitte Senut of the
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Humans physically recognizable as similar to people alive today appeared in the same regions about 35 000 years ago (Trinkaus 1978: 124). Evidence does exist from scientists’ calculations using human genetic coding to show that the oldest known single ancestor of the people living on the earth today existed about 200 000 years ago (Gugliotta 2008:140).
But, no excuse is good enough to support the fact that Man continues killing animals either for recreation purposes or for trade. Wildlife conservationists have always stood up against hunting of animals, in fact IUCN has drawn up a Red List which contains names of endangered and threatened animals.
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