Through their observations of the behavior of chimps in the rainforests of the Tai National Park in the Ivory Coast, Boesch and Achermann address the issue that cooperative hunting and sharing played a role in the evolution of hominids, and were precursors of the social systems…
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The observation of cooperative hunting and food sharing behavior in rainforest chimps questions the generally accepted theory that hominid evolution is linked to the drying of the environment and the change of habitat from dense forests to open savannahs. It questions the theory that it was savannah life which led to the evolution of complex hominid behavior.
Boesch and Achermann support their argument by citing their observations of the hunting and sharing behavior of the Tai rainforest chimps, and comparing this with Jane Goodall’s observation of the savannah chimps at Gombe. Group hunting comprises 92% of rainforest chimps’ hunting, while savannah chimps demonstrate only 36% of group hunting. Even in the event of group hunting, rainforest chimps coordinate their behavior 63% of the time, while savannah chimps coordinate their group hunting behavior only in 7% of cases. Likewise, food sharing is more prevalent among the rainforest chimps than the savannah chimps. Again, the Tai chimps show nineteen different ways of tool usage and six different ways of methods of tool manufacture, in comparison with sixteen different uses and three methods of manufacture in savannah chimps.
The authors address the claim of anthropologists who state that it was the transformation of rainforests into dry, open savannahs, due to climate change, which began the process of hominization and the hypothesis that it was the difficulties of savannah life which resulted in the evolution of more complex behavior, and a hominid evolution distinct from that of rainforest primates. Boesch and Achermann counter the above claim by arguing that, to the contrary, it is rainforest chimps who demonstrate more complex skills in hunting and in the usage of tools and in the overall sophistication of their behavior.
The authors’ arguments rest on the must-be-acknowledged strength of their documented, first-hand observation of rainforest chimps, in
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There are four subfields of anthropology: Linguistic anthropology, Cultural anthropology, Physical anthropology and Archaeology. This paper will discuss the subfields of anthropology, describing each in detail and in terms of their subject matter. Discussion Linguistic anthropology is the study of languages, how they vary, and how culture and language interrelate.
This was imperative as the practical approach to this makes it faster to comprehend and incorporate some of the learnt lessons to the classroom scenario. In the visit, I studied three different primates, the Western Lowland Gorilla, the Gibbons and the White- eared titi.
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Genic activities, as argued in biological anthropology, will bring about different outcomes under different conditions. Most voluntarily observable characteristics are influenced to a lesser or greater extent (Merrell & Ingersoll, 1962).
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The media has contributed in propagating this notion today through advertising and various television programs. For many years, Behavioral Psychology has taught that primate behavior just entails patterns of
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