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Some suggests that the species mated with the human and disappeared into the other human species. Others think Neanderthals were underwent extinction since they could not compete favorably with humans a process that Charles Darwin would call natural selection.
The origins of the Neanderthals can be traced back to about 250 years ago when a discovery of a born resembling that of a long-dead bear was made in Germany. However, a closer look at the born later suggested that they were not those of a bear as earlier thought. This is because the bones resembled those of human beings despite being excessively thick and oddly shaped. During the discovery, fifteen pieces of the skeleton and a skullcap were found at the site. The skullcap was found to be that which usually covers the human brain. Because of the strangeness of the remains, it became necessary to conduct a thorough examination on it leading to the fossil being handed over to Herrmann Schaafhausen, a local anatomist to do more research (Stefoff 11).
Upon examination, Schaafhausen noticed that the fossils were human but only differed from those of the modern human being slightly. He concluded that the remains might have originated from the wild races, which lived in northwestern Europe documented by scholars. The place was called the Neander valley. However, Rudolf Virchow, a German anatomist also examined the remains and concluded that the peculiar thick, curved bone of the Neanderthal skeleton might have been caused by rickets. He went on to suggest that the peculiar structure of the skull might have been a result of blows to the head and arthritis. Upon thorough examination of the bones, Virchow disagreed with the earlier conclusions that the remains originated from the earlier primitive tribesmen. On his part, he concluded that the bones belonged to the unfortunate individuals who lived in the past (Stefoff 11).
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(“Neanderthals Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
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(Neanderthals Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“Neanderthals Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/anthropology/1610232-neanderthals.
Neanderthals are the early hominids who have existed on the planet earth about 250,000 years to 300,000 years ago, and are geographically believed to be located in Eurasia, somewhere near Western Europe and the Near East (Schmit 2003). Moreover, the sudden extinction of these species though still remains a mystery, but according to the anthropological studies it owes much to various factors which will be discussed in detail in this paper.
The very first however, was largely based on the environmental conditions happening at that time, most of which was the several phases of the Ice Age. The periodical melting and the freezing of water and ice sheets determined the period of the series of migrations of the first humans.
Archaeological studies have revealed that humans have existed in various forms in the past. Skeletons of giant humans up to ten times the size of an average modern man have been found. One of the most interesting forms of humans whose traces have been found are Neanderthals.
The article encompassing the findings of the research by Dr. Alistair Pike of the University of Bristol was initially published in the current issue of science. These findings are important since the paintings are now Europe’s oldest dated paintings. Another aspect that the research has changed is the perception that the painting could have been made by the Homo sapiens.
Winning demands one to depict an added advantage when wiping out troops or attacking cities; preserving troops or defending cities; learning the enemy plan or finding targets; or moving on land, sea or over the air. Over the past years the art of war has transformed from using crude technologies to today’s technologies that are more sophisticated both in making and use.
In one of the last lines of Wright's book, it is written that "Our species is an Ice Age Hunter, only half evolved towards intelligence, clever but seldom wise" (Wright 207-208). Wright claims that human evolution is pretty much the same although technology is adapting and has always been revolving with the times.
The remains were named Neanderthal (Homo neanderthalensis), after the place it was discovered. The modern field of paleoanthropology is said to have begun with the discoveries of Neanderthal "man" and evidence of other "cave men" in the 19th century (Human evolution 2005).
This area is mainly Western Europe. However, the results of the findings of the Leipzig Group of Svante Paabo, head of the genetics laboratory at Max Planck Institute in Leipzig, revealed that this range extended “some 1,200 miles east of their European stronghold” (Hall)
Homo floresiensis (LB1) or Flores Man also nicknamed as hobbit, now extinct, possibly a species of the genus Homo. In 2004, its remains were discovered on Flores Island in Indonesia. Partial skeletons, together with one complete cranium have also been discovered.
Homo heidelbergensis was initially discovered in Germany 1907 and was named by Otto Schoetensack. Denisovans, Neanderthals, and Homo sapiens descended from Homo heidelbergensis. After leaving Africa, an ancestral group of
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