We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Who were the Neanderthals, and what caused their extinction Did they influence Homo sapiens, either genetically or culturally - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Neanderthals are the early hominids who have existed on the planet earth about 250,000 years to 300,000 years ago, and are geographically believed to be located in Eurasia, somewhere near Western Europe and the Near East (Schmit 2003)…
Download full paper
Who were the Neanderthals, and what caused their extinction Did they influence Homo sapiens, either genetically or culturally
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Who were the Neanderthals, and what caused their extinction Did they influence Homo sapiens, either genetically or culturally

Download file to see previous pages... Also, These Neanderthals are also genetically associated with the “Anatomically Modern Humans (AMH)” by some anthropologists based on genetic and cultural evidence, while there is still an ongoing debate about the conformity of the proposition. Anatomically modern humans are the most immediate ancestors of the humans, and possibilities of interbreeding amongst the species are still being investigated. However, scientific study of genetics indicates that humans and Neanderthals have only been found to have ancestral connections about 550,000 years ago. However studying evolution from a cultural perspective indicates a strong sense of connection between early humans and the Neanderthals. These species, the Neanderthals were first discovered in 1829. In 1856, when Neanderthal specimen was found in a cave in Germany the scientists were amazed at the discovery as it was very unique and distinctive from other fossils previously been found, as the skull was oval in shape with thick and strong bones along with a retreating forehead (Delson 2006). The name Homo Neanderthals was suggested to these unknown species by the geologist William King in 1864 when these were found in the Neander valley in Germany (Jordan 1999). However, after a lot of research the scientists were able to discover the fact that the species discovered in 1829 were the same as these found later. Neanderthals had a strong body built with a heavy structure and a shorter height, ideal to absorb more heat so that they can survive in cold climates. Sexual dimorphism between both genders was comparatively unclear. To shed light on the causes of extinction associated with the Neanderthals, it is first crucial to study their modes of survival and their lifestyles. These species relied on the plants to acquire nutrition for their survival. However, due to the colder climates that they had to face, possibilities are that the plant supplies would have adequately dropped during the winters. Due to this factor they had to diversify their food sources including meat in their diet to fulfill their nutritious requirements (Shipmen 2008). Anthropological remains like sharpened tools for cutting and ripping away meat preys indicate that these species were seasonal meat hunters. Moreover, when scientists studied the plaque over the teeth of the remains, they even found out that these species incorporates mollusks, sharks and other marine species as their diets. Amongst other anthropological evidences, a flake tool sophisticated in its built was also found which was made after breaking off the stones from the surfaces, though it wasn’t as complex as those tools found amongst other ancestral species associated with humans. Moreover, having studied the anatomy of their bodies, it was concluded that their arms were rather asymmetric which are indicative of the fact that they used thrusting techniques to capture preys, which means that they utilized larger animals for consumption. Along with these remains, other significant discoveries were the needle like tools which can be used for sewing garments to wear. Moreover, Neanderthals are also found to have used fire for various purposes. Thorough analysis of the locales draws attention towards shallow pits along with other even shallower grave like structures. This indicates that these people used to bury the dead into graves and hold funerals to carry these events. The settings also reflect that these species used to live in a nuclear family setup while some instances indicate social gatherings and events to be a part of their lives as well. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Who were the Neanderthals, and what caused their extinction Did they Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/anthropology/1398111-who-were-the-neanderthals-and-what-caused-their
(Who Were the Neanderthals, and What Caused Their Extinction Did They Essay)
“Who Were the Neanderthals, and What Caused Their Extinction Did They Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/anthropology/1398111-who-were-the-neanderthals-and-what-caused-their.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Neandertals and Homo Sapiens
So what kind of sub human species is this Neanderthal and can we even qualify it of human let alone sub human. The Neanderthal question has loomed to be a very controversial one all throughout the years, and new theories are everyday deterring the chances or rather the likeliness of establishing a sound answer to all these questions.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Neanderthals: Human Evolution
Archaeological studies have revealed that humans have existed in various forms in the past. Skeletons of giant humans up to ten times the size of an average modern man have been found. One of the most interesting forms of humans whose traces have been found are Neanderthals.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Dinosaurs Extinction
A study by Michael focused on a range of theories that sought to expand the understanding and points of linkages between the theories and the many schools of thought that attempt to explore the depths of this historical phenomenon. The meteorite theory and the scientific theory remain some of the two most compelling explanations.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Evolution of lactase gene in homo sapiens
Lactase non persistence, on the other hand, is the condition in which an adult lacks the digestive enzyme for lactose thus leading to health complications after consumption of milk. The presence and absence of the gene responsible for digestion of milk is quite divergent in the human population.
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper
Mass Extinction
The author of the following paper analyzes some reasons for mass extinction in the future. Moreover, the author provides the idea stated in the International News Agency "Reuters" that the human species is spurring a more severe mass extinction than the dinosaurs.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
The Neanderthals
The remains were named Neanderthal (Homo neanderthalensis), after the place it was discovered. The modern field of paleoanthropology is said to have begun with the discoveries of Neanderthal "man" and evidence of other "cave men" in the 19th century (Human evolution 2005).
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Homo Economicus Myth or Reality

The author deduces that the model envisages a person who has perfect self-interest, perfect rationality and perfect information. This concept owes its genesis to  Utilitarian economists like Jeremy Bentham who propounds that society should aim for the greatest happiness of the greatest number by maximizing the total utility of individuals.

6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Who influence me
Teresa was the youngest among her siblings, her father an Albanian politician. Teresa’s father died when she was only 9 years old in 1919. She had the strong urge to be a missionary and spread the message of Christ at a tender age of 12. Teresa joined the
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
2. Discuss the evolutionary trends in the genus Homo. Start with the transition from early Homo to Homo erectus and end with the Neanderthals. Be sure to include the temporal and geographic distributions of the various species of Homo as well as any perti
It is most likely that our ancestors mated with other members of closely related species hence the inheritance of genes. A popular theory claims that human beings evolved from Africa and spread to other parts of the country about 100,000 years ago. At
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Short placement ministry
In so doing, they are not discriminatory in term of religion in the services they provide. They offer services to members of any religion and no religion. Luton and Dunstable chapel offers spiritual, religious and pastoral care and are a focus of faith and concern for the
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Who were the Neanderthals, and what caused their extinction Did they influence Homo sapiens, either genetically or culturally for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us