We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

How significant were the neandertals to the evolution of anatomically modern humans - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Significance of Neandertals to the Evolution of Anatomically Modern Man The origin of modern man and its relationship with Neandertals has been a topic of great debate in the field of paleo-anthropolgy (Mellars 35). In the past, it was supposed that the Neandertals were the less developed ancestors of modern man…
Download full paper
How significant were the neandertals to the evolution of anatomically modern humans
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
How significant were the neandertals to the evolution of anatomically modern humans

Download file to see previous pages... Neandertal fossils date back to 130 000- 30 000 BP throughout the region of Eurasia. Their fossils were morphologically different from modern man in that they were ruggedly built with thick chest (Lahr 130). The Neandertals were very strong and muscular; an adaptation that helped them to survive in tough conditions. According to Hublin, the Neandertals spent most of their lives in caves given that their reign was during a period of long glacial maximum. Although referred to as ancient cavemen, recent archaeological studies have pointed out that the Neandertals were intelligent considering the fact they used stone tools and sometimes fire. (Ponced et al,13767). Thus, new evidence suggests that although the Neandertals were slightly physically different from the anatomically modern man, both shared a lot of characteristics. According to Roebroeks, anatomically modern man came into direct contact with the Neandertals about fifty thousand years ago (p. 438). The neandertals and modern man were forced to compete for the resources available like food and locations (Mellars 103). However, the highly specialized morphology of the Neandertals began working to their disadvantage due the climatic changes. There is no conclusive evidence to ascertain whether modern man was more evolve than the neandertals at this point in history. However, the discovery of cultural items associated with early modern man suggest that indeed, neandertals were less evolved in comparison (Hardy 35). Since both the neandertals and modern man shared diets, the competition for food grew fierce with time. Eventually, the neandertals were pushed towards harsh and less fertile environment which heralded their demise. It should be noted that modern man and neandertals were very similar. Research by Currat pointed out that modern man and neandertals had similar cultures (p. 15129). For instance, both were cognizant of the significance of death and tools of trade were inherited. Although they both had had significant morphological differences, their genetic distinction could still allow for mating to produce offspring that was viable. The possibility of interbreeding between modern man and neandertals may offer insight into the similar traits between the two (Weaver et al 464) . The gene of microcephalin is archeologically attributed to neandertal man. This trait was absent in modern man genome up to approximately one million years ago. Its presence in anatomically modern man thus points out to interbreeding with the neandertals. The gene that allowed for more brain development and intelligence was critical for the existence and survival of modern man (Ponced 1365). This gene was rapidly propagated through the modern man by positive selection and it is now present in a majority of the world population. Thus, it is evident that neandertals passed on some superior genes of brain development to modern man which contributed significantly to their evolution. The intelligence gene was advantageous to the progress and survival of anatomically modern man in a dynamic world. According to Blow et al, further research into the DNA of Neandertals has indicated compellingly that in deed anatomically modern man and neandertals interbred (1367). This conclusion was reached after the study found out that modern man had a gene that helped to develop resistance to virus that was previously found in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Who were the Neanderthals, and what caused their extinction Did they influence Homo sapiens, either genetically or culturally
Neanderthals are the early hominids who have existed on the planet earth about 250,000 years to 300,000 years ago, and are geographically believed to be located in Eurasia, somewhere near Western Europe and the Near East (Schmit 2003). Moreover, the sudden extinction of these species though still remains a mystery, but according to the anthropological studies it owes much to various factors which will be discussed in detail in this paper.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Anthropology: defining how humans are studied
According to Nanda and Warms,the study of anthropology is “the scientific and humanistic study of human beings”.They go on to further qualify this definition by stating that anthropology “encompasses the evolutionary history of humanity,physical variation among humans,the study of past societies,and the comparative study of current-day human societies and cultures
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
The Evolution Explosion: How Humans Cause Rapid Evolutionary Change
Evolution has remained a source of misunderstanding and controversy; it is the unifying force in modern biology. According Palumbi, evolution is not only the slow process that ruled the rise and distinction of dinosaurs over a thousand years ago. It happens quickly and frequent that sometimes it changes how we live our lives.
4 Pages(1000 words)Book Report/Review
When did humans become modern
The fact that modern humans developed can be considered to be a great feat of resilience and adaptation on the part of human which has enabled the species to thrive and ensured that it has propagated itself all over the world.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Archaeology - Neanderthals and Modern Humans
In one of the last lines of Wright's book, it is written that "Our species is an Ice Age Hunter, only half evolved towards intelligence, clever but seldom wise" (Wright 207-208). Wright claims that human evolution is pretty much the same although technology is adapting and has always been revolving with the times.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
What happened to Neandertals Why did they extinct
One of hypothesis suggests that Homo sapiens migrated into Neandertal lands and caused their extinction. Homo sapiens had bigger brain and more advanced in technology. Another theory suggests that populations of that time merged and mixed, which resulted in the evolution of the new human species.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Evolution of Modern Corporate Marketing Departments
70 companies while Singapore had one) and 53 industry sectors (Apparel to Airlines) employed over 50 million people and accounted for a third of the world’s total output. We can make two observations about this highly diversified group: first, they sold products and services
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
The Emergence of Anatomically Modern Humans
This is the model that is not only accepted my most anthropologists but was also proposed earlier than any other model. It was proposed by the father of evolutionary
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
The Evolution of Modern Astronomy
This discussion will focus on a rhetorical analysis of four writers and how they have applied various concepts of writing to express issues ascribed to evolution of astronomy. Specifically, the discussion will provide a
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Anthro 101
Because of the imperfect Fossil sample as well as time gaps in our knowledge, we have not constructed a hard-and-fast phylogeny but included broken lines in an attempt to define unconventional views. In one case,
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic How significant were the neandertals to the evolution of anatomically modern humans for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us