SEXES, GENDERS, ANTHROPOLOGY AND MASCULINITY Name Institution Anthropology refers to the study of the diversity of human beings around the world. Sexuality is the description of sexual behavior and preference of an individual. Gender, on the other hand ties itself to the biological and physical make up of an individual…
Download file to see previous pages...
In Anne Fausot-Sterling's article, “The Five Sexes: Why Male and Female are not Enough,” Ann summarizes her opinions why the two dominant gender identities, which are socially, and medically accepted are not adequate in classifying every gender. Most modern societies accept the two obvious sexes: male, identified by having testicles and a penis and a Y-chromosome, and female, identified as having a clitoris and vagina, developed breasts, and deficient a Y-chromosome. Although the two genders mentioned above are undoubtedly the dominant sex groups, Fausto-Sterling maintains that there are many more intersexual existing in societies worldwide for them to be assumed as being abnormal incidences of nature. In a bid to reinforce her claim, Ann alludes to Johns Hopkins University psychologist John Money, who suggested the possibility that intersexual may constitute as much as 4 percent of the total births. Arguing from a world’s point of view, taking the world's total population to be 7 billion, this would imply that there may be as many as 280 million intersexual on the planet. The author also defined the considerations of her five-sex classification system. We first have the well-known male and female, and then we have three other lesser-known groups. These include, but not limited to hermaphrodites, having one testis and also one ovary, male pseudo hermaphrodites, having certain features of the female genitalia and testes, but no ovaries, and female pseudo hermaphrodites, having some features of male genitalia and ovaries, but without testes. Today’s Society continues to be male controlled. In addition, scientific terms reflect a macho society. In her article, “The Egg and the Sperm: How Science has Constructed a Romance Based on Stereotypical Male-Female Roles,” Martin maintains that Scientific writing has attempted to present the egg and the sperm with feminine and masculine characteristics respectively. This shows the sperm as the authoritative aggressor while the egg assumes a weak position. This perspective according to Martin is influenced by cultural stereotypes. Recently, the researchers Johns Hopkins University concluded that the sperm and egg attract together because of adhesive molecules on each surface. The egg traps the sperm and continues to wiggle ineffectively. However, this new account of the role of the sperm and the egg did little to help change the stereotype saga. Researchers most of whom made the discoveries continued to err in their time worn metaphor of the sperm being the active member which penetrates the egg. In conclusion, Martin compels us to correct one’s thinking about the science of one’s reproduction. Being conscious not to project stereotyped cultural imagery into studies will help improve one’s capability in understanding nature and avoid harm caused by gender bias in society. M. Miedzien’s intention of writing this article, “Real men, wimps, and one’s national security was to address the pending issue that failure to equip boys with masculine values will result in raising harmless male who will do anything to avoid violence and war. According to some, this may promote national disaster since other nations train their men ready to fight at the slightest provocation. The realists will say one’s national security is at stake.” He wanted to put this objection to rest, but his intention changed when he initiated his
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Anthropology Reading Analysis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/anthropology/1462219-anthropology-reading-analysis
(Anthropology Reading Analysis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Anthropology Reading Analysis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/anthropology/1462219-anthropology-reading-analysis.
This, says Kelley, causes stereotyping of the “underclass” as per the social scientists own definition of the term and, therefore, the reality of different cultures within that same underclass is not discussed among them. For instance, social scientists in the 60s, generalizes all black culture as ghetto culture, claiming it to be a result of the racist attitude of the society.
This subfield is valuable for debate and advanced research in anthropological methods and theory. Since food studies have been termed as symbolic, political, social value creations, it is dedicated to the art of inspiring and entertaining readers with their latest information and recipes.
The purpose of this essay is to evaluate the work of Benedict in light of her relationship with Boas and how Boas influenced Benedict’s work, including an emphasis on the importance of the human race. Additionally, the essay will examine how American anthropology was influenced by these two important figures, allowing the discipline to take a new direction and focus away from culture-trait diffusion.
Much focus is given to Margaret Preston, who made incredible contribution to the field of art. This paper will highlight the key issues in both readings, emphasizing the critical issue s highlighted in the paper. Analysis of ‘why I became a convert to modern art’ This articled begins by highlighting the biography of Margaret Preston, one of the overly talented artists in her era.
Aphex Twin’s life, through the application of these ideologies is most pertinent to Freud’s pleasure principle which essentially motivates human beings to realize their instinctual wishes (“Overview of Freud’s Civilization and its Discourse”). According, to the application of this principle human beings adopt a distinct course of action once, it is understood that their desires cannot be fulfilled.
It is a field in which researchers have tended to adopt every new jargon laden academic fashion with a rapidity that borders on the unseemly from Darwinism to Marxism, structuralism to deconstructionism. (Wilcomb Washburn, American studies at Smithsonian Institution).
Anthropologists in general look at cross-cultural differences in social institutions, cultural beliefs, and communication styles. In fact in recent years with the growing globalization, this subject has gained much more importance. Knowledge about human diversity is helpful especially in the case of global organizations.
It is also an established fact that while women tend to use emotion or intuition to make decisions, men will use deductive logic. According to Lewis, “the truth about how men and women determine their personal values cannot be measured
ee-way structure of Japan’s establishment; the author has brought in discussion to determine which sector dominates others and how these sectors are dependent on each other for constitution of establishment. Bringing together the bureaucracy and Japan’s political circles,