If one needs to understand a structure in totality, he/she needs to start with the building blocks of the structure. There is no way a structure is going to be understood in absence of a detailed understanding of the basic building blocks of the structure or system…
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Having understood the two, it is then necessary to draw a link between the two or evaluate all the possible relationships between the two. It will also be imperative to reckon that a marriage between the two possible brings forth what is commonly termed as forensic anthropology. This paper seeks to show how biological anthropologist assist with a forensic investigation besides identification of individuals. The paper starts first by understanding what forensic is, then moves on to define anthropology and forensic anthropology then shows how anthropology can aid in forensics.
The term forensic refers to the application of scientific knowledge in a bid to solve legal problems and enable the smooth running of legal proceedings (Bartol, 2004: p8). As such, any profession that uses scientific knowledge aids bin forensics and this explains the existence of such terms as forensic anthropology, forensic medicine, forensic science, forensic experts etc. Forensic comes from a Latin word "forensic" which means relating to a forum and forum in this case which according to the ancient Rome was a market place where people congregated to conduct all sorts of business as well as public affairs. As time went on, the term forensic was limited to reference of the courts of law thus entering English use in 1659 with that very meaning. Therefore, forensic refers to law problems or issues which are solved by the application of scientific knowledge.
The word anthrop...
Human beings and their ancestors are studied in terms of the physical characteristics, social and environmental relations and culture. Main concern of anthropology is the origin of the present homosapien's, ancestors, evolutionary development etc. As such, anthropologists study the skeletons, DNA, tools, etc of the modern man's ancestors to locate the origin of the present day behaviours and culture. Thus, the common questions asked by the anthropologists include but are not limited to:
1 What defines human beings
2 Who are the ancestors of modern human beings
3 What are the human physical traits
4 How do human beings behave
5 Why the differences and variations among the human beings
6 How has the evolutionary past human beings influenced both the culture and social organization
These are just but examples of questions asked by anthropologists and have been used to offer a rough estimation of the scope of anthropology. The modern anthropology borrows extensively from both the humanities and natural sciences such as biology and chemistry. The modern anthropologists have specialized in technical subfields which have found wider applications both within and without the scope of anthropology.
What is Forensic Anthropology
Basically, forensic anthropology is the application of anthropology in forensics. It is simply the marriage between anthropology and forensics. Generally, forensic anthropology is the assessment of the skeletal remains of human beings on behalf of the law enforcers in a bid to establish the identity of the bones (Klepinger, 2006: p3). Anthropology is wide and is divided into linguistic anthropology, cultural anthropology, archaeology and physical anthropology. Of great help to forensic is the physical
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Forensic Anthropology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words. https://studentshare.org/science/1532061-forensic-anthropology.
“Forensic Anthropology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/science/1532061-forensic-anthropology.
Is the Concept of Race Biologically Valid? Introduction The concept of race and its biological validity is a topic of hot discussion in the scientific community and the general public. In a country like the United States of America, this debate is even more heated, given the fact that it is a land in which people from different regions of the world have come together and live together.
Forensic technology assists in investigating domestic crime, fraud, cyber crime, murder, war crimes, crimes against humanity, recover of mass disaster victims, and repatriation of war dead (Hunter & Cox, 2005). Forensic technology helps to discover and solve the events pertaining to a specific crime scene or disposal site.
Anthropologists in general look at cross-cultural differences in social institutions, cultural beliefs, and communication styles. In fact in recent years with the growing globalization, this subject has gained much more importance. Knowledge about human diversity is helpful especially in the case of global organizations.
According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that working from a plaster cast, rebuilding each of the facial tissues, including muscles, fat and skin with modelling clay to watch an unknown, but similar to the dead face coming into a visible form is one of the most exulting moments to see the dead person almost claiming an identity.
However, age estimation at death can be made out from multiple sites of analysis. For this purpose, an age profile was established with the help of two aspects of pelvic morphology and consistency - pubis symphysis and auricular surface of pelvis. The pubic symphysis has importance in the branch of forensic anthropology, as they can be used for the estimation of age of adult skeletons.
Geographical survey is the most relevant and commonly applied methods for evaluating clandestine graves. Based on the feature of the place of occurrence of crime, forensic archeologists adopt various geographical