The Response of Anthropology to Colonialism Name University Professor Course Date The Response of Anthropology to Colonialism In the history of man, it is very much important to learn about each part not just about the individual person but also in the formation of society…
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Sometimes competition is healthy for development, but at certain times it is carried out by people personally until they hold grudge against the others. In such, colonialism is also important as it shows how societies form, clash, improve and how people interact and cope up with the situation. For the study then, the viewpoint of anthropologists would be examined in response to colonialism and how ethnographic knowledge would play a significant role in the study and history of colonialism. Before going deeply into the relationships of the concepts of colonialism, ethnographic knowledge and anthropology, it would be better to define and set basic foundations regarding the topics involve in the study. It would greatly help in appreciating and understanding their relationships after knowing each one of them. The first concept in the study is anthropology. It would be the viewpoint to be used in response to ethnographic knowledge regarding colonialism. Anthropology is said to be the “study of human behavior in all places and at all times. It combines humanistic, scientific, biological, historical, psychological and social views of human behavior,” (Angrosino 2002: 1). Various aspects of the human being are being studied in anthropology. The origin of human being is the main concern of anthropology and it would cut across other disciplines like the humanities, scientific research, natural sciences and the social sciences like history, psychology and sociology. The definition supports the claim that “anthropology is holistic in that it combines the study of human biology, history and the learned and shared patterns of human behavior and thought” which is known as the “culture in order to analyze human groups,” (Nanda and Warms 2011: 20). The study is not only concerned with the individual but with the interactions in the society as well. Anthropology can also be defined as “the comparative study of human societies and cultures. Its goal is to describe, analyze, and explain different cultures, to show how groups have adapted to their environments and given significance to their lives,” (Nanda and Warms 2011: 20). The second definition points out that the focus of anthropology is the society and culture as people interact with one another and form groups. And each group and subgroup of the societies formed has its distinct culture or habits that are unique to the members of such groups. The people who study anthropology are called anthropologists. Anthropology has many subfields to allow people to focus on the details that make up the study of man. The two major subfields of anthropology are physical anthropology and cultural anthropology. Physical anthropology can be defined as: the study of the biological, physiological, anatomical and genetic characteristics of both ancient and modern human populations. Physical anthropologists study the evolutionary development of the human species by a comparative analysis of both fossil and living primates. They study the mechanics of evolutionary change through an analysis of genetic variation in human populations (Angrosino 2002: 1). Natural science is the main focus of physical anthropology to study the nature of man and its origin of existence. The history is studied using the fossils to identify the body structure of man in the past. It also involves genetics in studying the populations and the differences of people. On the other hand, cultural anthropo
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Histories of individual nations have captured the interest of many researchers. Therefore, excessive concentrations on large phenomenon limit our knowledge because the present world is attributed to immense historical processes that encompassed flow and flow of power and wealth among a wide assortment of areas apart from nations.
It is through the view of anthropology that one gets to understand the study of colonialism and the unique views that it commands and gauges. Anthropology entails the academic or professional process of studying humanity that is concerned with definition of humankind’s life and the community.
The colonial era of British and Japanese was during seventeenth and nineteenth century. In the late nineteenth century, the British were able to expand into the last continent left, which was Africa (Stephen Luscombe). World war two ultimately led to a decline of colonialism where political unrest resulted in the demand of independence by natives of colonized areas.
QUO VADIS? ANTHROPOLOGISTS? (An essay on the relevance of anthropology) Name of Student (author) Name of University Professor Young Introduction The professional discipline of anthropology is a relatively new science, born out of the combination between the natural and social sciences, resulting in the “science of humanity” that compares different societies and cultures, but almost always with Western culture as a superior point of reference.
tory illness, mood or symptoms of psychiatric disorder that varies from severe to comparatively mild anxiety disorders (Kleinman and Good 1985, p.2).It is the highest prevalent mental disorder and mostly considered as universal despite the fact that clinical features may vary
Hen he talked people listened and the West generally viwed him as a threat and constantly sought ways of eliminating him. In the end however he was betrayed by his friend Joseph Mobutu who was well liked by the West as they did not view him as a threat. The West and Belgium
Though there existed other factors like culture in the colonization process, economic and religious reasons pushed the major colonizers to acquire lands in the New World (Mignolo and Ennis, 2001). For example,
According to the paper a relationship that is not equal between the colonial power and the colony and even between the indigenous population and the colonial power was evident. The European colonialism was from the 16th-20th c, an era when authorities from different European countries established their colonies in Africa, Asia and America.
According to the paper the Pereyaslavska Rada was essentially a general military council that was held in 1654 in the town of Pereyaslav. In this council The Ukrainan Hetman BohdanKhmelnytsky signed a treaty with Muscovy which had the effect of causing Ukraine to lose its independence and engage in a colonial unification with Russia.
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