In the 1930s, the United States was hit by a severe drought lasting almost a decade that described one of the worst events in its climatic history. The Dust Bowl, as the drought was known, devastated the Great Plains in the central states region of the United States, drying up the already depressed economy resulting in damages worth millions of dollars. With Oklahoma, Kansas, and Texas being the worst affected areas, it caused human, economical and ecological misery, driving farmers off their land in search of other income sources (Link, Woofter & Taylor 19). This paper will examine the causal factors and discuss their relationship with the Dust Bowl. The immediate cause attached to the drought by climate scientists is the absence of soil moisture and vegetative cover of the land (Hurt 9). However, a convergence of fate, manmade and natural factors can be held responsible for the circumstances. They include the climate, soil composition, over ambitious corporate and civic growth, wind erosion and most notably, human activities such as poor farming methods, coming together to create the stage for the occurrence of the Drought Bowl. Advanced farming techniques, which were initially welcomed, largely contributed to the factors rapidly destroying the land. In the 19th century, attracted by grasslands of the semiarid southern and Midwestern plains in the United States, farmers settled and embarked on farming activities. For decades, they prospered in their farming.