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The Dust Bowl - Term Paper Example

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Summary
The objective of the following paper is to discuss the natural disaster that took place in the US during 1930 known as the "Dust Bowl". The paper will analyze the causes of the incident as well as describe its environmental, political, social, and economic aftermath.

 
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The Dust Bowl
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Download file to see previous pages The Dust Bowl was more than just another natural phenomenon – it affected the lives of millions of Americans, and had long-term economic, cultural, and social implications.
The dust bowl was caused by a combination of natural and manmade factors. Bad agricultural practices and disregard for time tested principles, aggravated by continued and severe droughts and harsh winters, led to the dust storms and erosion of the soil in the region that came to be known as the Dust Bowl.
Crop rotation is a practice that can prevent soil erosion by balancing the requirement of nutrients and fertilizers. Crop rotation alternates crops with different demands on the soil, making it get an opportunity to recharge itself. In the years preceding the dust storms, farmers in the dust bowl region had abandoned crop rotation in favor of cultivating more of the same crops that were in high demand. This, coupled with deep plowing, led to the destruction of natural grass, which provides a hedge against droughts.
The 1930s were marked by severe and sustained droughts that made the land dry and turned much of it into dust. Heavy winds that blew over the region carried this dust into faraway places causing huge dust storms, giving the region its name.
Prior to the dust storms that struck the region in the 1930s in a big way, most farmers regarded soil erosion from blowing winds as something that happened once in a while and caused no great harm. In fact, some farmers even believed that such blowing of the soil was good because it churned the soil, and made it more fertile. Naturally, these farmers attached no great significance to the phenomenon and took little action to prevent soil erosion or prepare for it.
The increased demand for wheat and other agricultural products just before and during World War I, and the high prices of wheat in the world market, provided sufficient motivation to the farmers to expand the cultivable land, in their quest to profit from the increasing demand and high prices. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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