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Polykleitos, Doryphoros/ Portrait of Augustus - Assignment Example

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‘Doryphorus’ or ‘Spear Bearer’ has been an epic piece of art in Roman history inspired from ancient Greek art. Produced in 440-450 B.C this marble replica of…
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Polykleitos, Doryphoros/ Portrait of Augustus
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Polykleitos, Doryphoros/ Portrait of Augustus

Download file to see previous pages... e was crafted to produce an everlasting impression of Roman masculine beauty (idealized by every man) through Greek techniques of sculpturing and meticulously measured body parts.
The sculpture of Augustus of Prima Porta was an ideological depiction of Caesar’s adopted son Augustus in 20 B.C. Though, Augustus was middle age when he won against ancient rival Parthian, but the status represents a prefect version of Roman victor. Unlike Doryphoros, which shows the perfection idealized by Roman male citizens, Augustus through his portrait intended to proclaim his authenticity as Athens supreme ruler and progeny of God.
The mathematical formula devised to measure all the body parts into equal proportions was known as ‘Canon’. Canon was supposed to depict equality and harmony through calculation, which intended to show perfection in human facial features and figure and to emanate aesthetic aura of male precision. Doryphoros contains canon/ rule of perfection by all means.
The portrait contains military regalia, which depict his designation as a commander, emperor and warrior. Perfection was the most obsessed idea by Romans; hence, Augustus in the portrait depicts a perfectly youthful and athletic body of a ruler and warrior, who ruled for peaceful 200 years.
There are no signs of armor or weapon to show that the sculpture was produced to show military power or warrior in battlefield. However, Doryphoros is nude and with nudity it represented beauty and perfection in Rome since, nudity was considered a sign of civilization in Greek and Roman history. Ancient Romans were fanatical about perfection though they did understand that perfection was an inaccessible idea. Doryphorus meant to depict an aesthetic view of every Roman man, its facial features and body parts show perfection and this perfection was idealized by Romans.
The self-supporting marble sculpture of Augustus the ruler is accessorized with armour on which 200 year Pax Romana history is inscribed in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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