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For these reasons, chronic kidney disease is considered a disease because it affects the health of an individual.
Chronic kidney disease is a chief health concern problem because the prevalence of the disease grows at a yearly rate of 8%, and expends 2% of the worldwide health spending (López-Novoa, Martínez-Salgado, Rodríguez-Peña, & López-Hernández, 2010). In the United States, about 13% of the populace suffers from this condition. As the prevalence of chronic renal disease rises, health care providers are tasked with the management of the multifaceted medical complications that patients with CKD face. This paper takes a detailed look at the pathophysiology, causes, symptoms and management of chronic kidney disease.
The central role of the kidney is to sift nitrogenous wastes from ingested food and metabolic activities, as well as surplus fluids from the blood. The kidneys, therefore, play an important role in fluid and electrolyte balance. The nephron is the elementary working component of the kidney. A normal kidney has about one million nephrons. Each nephron possesses a clump of glomerular capillaries called the glomerulus where the filtration of blood takes place. The nephron also has a lengthy tubule where the filtered fluid is transformed into urine as it is transported into the pelvis (Guyton & Hall, 2006). The renal arteries branch into interlobar arteries and two other arteries and finally into afferent arterioles that supply the glomerulus in the nephron through the glomerular arterioles, which join together to form the efferent arterioles that exit the glomerulus. Urine, which carries the waste products filtered by the kidney is produced in three main phases namely ultrafiltration, reabsorption and secretion.
The kidneys also excrete strange chemicals, drug substances and metabolites produced from hormones. Such substances include urea from the metabolism of amino acids and creatinine
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However, they can be prevented and controlled. In the United States and around the world, the statistics is quite alarming. The number of deaths associated with these chronic diseases is increasing. The severity that these diseases pose on a national and global level prompts the government and countries worldwide to adopt action plan and policies to educate people about the prevention and control of these chronic diseases.
As you read along, you will have a good grasp of the disease in relation to your course. What is Cardiomyopathy? Cardiomyopathy is a complex disease process that involves the heart muscles of a person of any age. It is describes as the weakening or the deterioration of the muscles of the heart.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are usually associated with causing mortality risk, studies show that cardiovascular risk increase if the patient suffers from anemia (Fishbane, 2005, p.716). Cardiovascular disease is normally associated with the renal disease, while chronic kidney disease enhances hypertension and dyslipidemia, which leads to renal failure.
With time Alzheimer’s disease gets so bad that it interferes with everyday functioning and causes problems in judgment, decision-making abilities, and memory. Alzheimer’s disease is also called Senile Dementia of the Alzheimer Type (SDAT). (Nordqvist, 2009) (American Health Assistance Foundation, 2011) Etiology: The two major reasons for Alzheimer’s disease are family history and age.
United States and other countries across the globe have declared total war against drug abuse because it has been noted that the epidemic is affecting the lives of very many people in the society. Drug abuse affects the lives of the abusers as well as that of their close family members.
Although the medical research on the cause of this disease is still going on, many medical specialists believe that the increased accumulation of beta-amyloid protein is responsible for the nerve degeneration and eventual nerve-cell death, in the brain. (Crystal 1) Dementia Dementia is a disorder of brain, where the patient is not able to carry out the daily chores.
Parkinsons disease deteriorates dopamine which is a significant neurotransmitter and this causes shaky and weak movement. If statistically viewed, fifty thousand individuals are diagnosed with this disease on yearly basis and the numbers are likely to
The prevalence rate varies with demographic factors. It, for instance, increases with increase in age with a prevalence rate of about 0.25 percent in children and teenagers, and about 11 percent in individuals above 20 years. People who are above 65 years old are at the
It demands accurate treatment and particular conditions for the person to control the illness. Special features, medical representation, appropriate treatment and prognosis for the future are going to be discussed.
First and foremost, it should be admitted
However, information on the income statement, balance sheet and cash flow statement hardly provide sufficient evidence of the company’s financial health. In addition to financial statements, educated investors fall back upon the values of
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