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American architecture was also largely dependent on English design books, a few prestigious technical schools and master builders who had immigrated during the old and new wars. The only buildings that showcased great architectural designs where churches such as the Cambridge and kings chapel and private homes (Secler, 2006).
After the civil war America also underwent a transformation of the American life due to immigration and industrialization. It is this transformation that inspired a sense of historical consciousness in the American people which necessitated the development of architecture that would be unique to the Americans (Conn & Page, 2003). After the civil war, only two thirds of the Architects in America were native born. A large percentage of them came from Germany and Ireland. The designers and craftsmen during this period were foreign born. In the last half of the nineteenth century the Irish dominated the building industry. They had perfected their skills in carpentry and bricklaying. Most of the Irish in this sector later transformed themselves into builders and contractors.
In Chicago, half the population was foreign born with a large number of them being Germans who penetrated into almost all Chicago architectural firms as architects and draftsmen. The German architects are hailed for their technological contributions to American architecture. In New York German firms such as Werner and Windolph, Albert F Doench were among the most prominent architectural firms in the area. Other migrant architects included Jewish architects from Central Europe such as Dankmar Adler, Leopold Eidlitz and his brother Marc Eidlitz one of the most prominent builders in New York (Elliot, 2003).
In addition to these was also the immigration of new professional architects who being no longer inspired by the ancient historical designs in Europe were looking for inspiration for contemporary work in other countries. It is no wonder therefore
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The American civil war occurred due to many social and economic differences between the North and the South. The South relying on cotton and slavery had a financial system supported by cash crops. There were no industries and factories in the South to produce weapons and bombs, their railroads were not organized therefore they could not move their foodstuff, armaments and men rapidly over elongated distances.
They were bought and sold repeatedly by their white masters who did not provide much for quality life. Blacks were accused of crimes, and they could not prove their innocence in courts since authorities only wanted to arrest and use their cheap labor. Southern states such as Alabama were deeply rooted into slavery, and it was generally accepted that the economy depended on slaves since most of the American exports came from slavery and cheap labor from the poor African Americans (Blackmon 6).
The Union forces had destroyed the Southern systems and had made everything come to a stall including the social and economic status which had originally been based on slavery. The southern had reached a point of no salvage due to the destruction caused by the Unions.
As stated by President Abraham Lincoln, the war brought to America “a new birth of freedom”. Since the war had been initiated to end slavery and redefine freedom, the post-civil war brought exactly that (Digital History, 2012). The post-civil war period is widely known as the ‘Reconstruction’ period, which began at the end of the Civil War.
These issues encompass a cordial relationship between public and private sectors; the increase of American population through an influx of foreign nationals, and a popular spirit of determination in order to realize an objective. The extent and dimension of the war prompted friendlier government-business relationships.
Thus, after the WWII the US and the USSR embarked on a passive confrontation in which either side would extend support to those countries or regions that stood up for their ideologies. In this case, Vietnam was split into two parts; the North and the South (Anderson 77).
The basis of the war had economical motivations related to the use of slaves for labor. The war ceased in 1865 and immediately immigration dynamics were completely changed, immigrations to the United States increased tremendously (Digital History 1). The rise was attributed to several factors motivated by the need to stabilize the economy and balance demand and supply.
In truth, the American Civil War was an economic war that created economic decisions that would allow America to usher itself into the industrializing world. Although in most cases slavery saves money for capitalists however, the maintenance of slavery was another matter.
The president proposed that the southern states could only be readmitted into the union after they had sworn an oath of allegiance to the north; ten percent of the southern voters were to participate in the making of the oath of allegiance. The readmission plan would