Stained glasses are works of arts that show case a unique skill in glass manipulation to create beauty. Stained glasses were originally used in church windows and the windows and doors of other significant buildings…
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This informed the research and evolution of the pre historic stained glasses manufactured by the Egyptians and Romans to the modern day fully fledged industry responsible for the creation of the three dimensional impressions with their stained glasses. The manufacture of stained glass is both an art and craft that requires artistic dexterity to create unique designs capable of communicating idealistically and effectively. Additionally, the art requires engineering knowhow to balance the several features of construction to develop a strong window or door. A window particularly the large ones are heavy, additionally, glass naturally heavy and fragile, in designing such doors, the engineers must therefore balance the weight of the structures to resist the tendency of glasses breaking. Windows and doors resist other external pressures such as wind, these have the force capable of breaking a glass, the design of a glass window therefore incorporates the capabilities to resist such external forces but remain light enough to avoid piling pressure on frames. Additionally, window and doorframes are made in particular designs and shapes. Glass is known for its ease to break, this makes manipulating one difficult. The creation of a stained window or door glass therefore considers all these features making it quite a profession.
The early western civilization involved extensive usage of stained glasses to decorate their buildings. It was one of the key indicators of social status owing to their high prices. The glasses were therefore commonly used in churches and other public structures such as county halls and in the decoration of royal palaces. The early civilization used these glasses to communicate, arts communicates through diverse means. The manipulation of the stained glasses offered unparalleled mode of communication that could be used to preserve images besides decoration. Most church windows frames were therefore fitted with religious portraits of the heavenly beings such as angels, Jesus and God Himself. These collectively aided the creation of a spiritual theme around churches and other religious places. Arts make use of a number of elements to communicate the ideas of the artists. One of these elements is color, every color has a meaning, this therefore implies that the use and choice of a specific color is determined by the message that the artist intended to communicate. The stained glasses communicate through color; they largely employ the use of different colors to create different illusions thereby communicating differently depending on the purpose of the glass and its creator. To decorate places and royal facilities, artists used a gold impression, these gave the facilities an aspect of importance and class. Royalties always portrayed an essence of more self worth, they therefore demanded the creation of exceptionally beautiful structures manufactured and coated with the most expensive rocks (Elizabeth 45). Gothic artifacts are scary impressions; some that portray instill fear in their audience, the stained glass technology excels in the creation of such thereby developing a horrific feeling in a room fitted with such windows and doors. The glass stained windows are deigned either figuratively or non figuratively. A figurative design relates a story behind the design. In churches, the stories
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Self image is therefore constructed out of the perceptions of others and when this feedback and reflection is positive, the individual is integrated and responds well. When the perception of self receives a negative reflection in the mirror from others, the individual slips into shame and embarrassment, especially because the image sought to be created in the public eye is contravened.
However, Goth cannot be confined within the aforementioned conditions. Goth has emerged also an architectural style that boomed in the 1200s. It flourished mostly in Europe but their influences are still somehow relevant until today. The architectural movement lasted for almost one and a half century and the edifices are still present until now.
The woman in the painting is very reluctant to make any eye contact whatsoever. I reckon that the painting portrays the man as the head of the family and a dominant force. The woman does not appreciate the dominance of the man and wants to put an end to the same.
(Kendall, 2004) Being taught by Eugene Bodin 'en plein air' while in Normandy, 1856---1857, Monet used to combine his initial experiences with his later Louvre's visits of 'sitting by a window' instead of simply copying the old masters. That is why he tried to represent natural mist, rising sunlight, and darkened colors of objects with a means of first of all intensive feeling: extremly red color of the sun was hidden in a ghostic mist of escaping night, modeled by loose brushstrokes.
. In literature the most significant personification of fantastic is the gothic novel that has always represented a very interesting style to analyze and has always meant much for literature as an old style that underwent much development. “At the time of the Gothic birth, the novel itself was a still fairy new phenomenon” (Cooper 25).
e, a coveted award introduced in 1979 by the Pritzker family to “honor an architect of international stature.”3 He died in 2005 at the age of 98, leaving behind his partner of 45 years, David Whitney. Located in New Canaan Connecticut, the Glass House, built in a 56 ft long box, has only one room, with a “brick cylinder containing a bathroom.”4 Its surroundings encompass a 49-acre plot with picturesque landscapes and greenery.
It is essential that lighting is provided behind stained glass, to enhance its effect. The resulting diffused, colorful glow lends a mystical quality to church and other interiors. According to NISE (p.5), glass was
Gothic architecture then rapidly spread all over Europe and finds its greatest expression in the Gothic Cathedral. Notre Dame de Paris, Salisbury Cathedral, Chartres Cathedral, Reims Cathedral and Rouen Cathedral are some of
Self-presentation or impression management is often used when trying to impressions other people (Jones, 1990; Leary, 1995; Schlenker & Pontari, 2000). This is common during job interviews, church, and when with other people.
n illustrated by the symbol ‘glass ceiling’, a see-through wall which stops women from reaching the topmost of the corporate ladder (Palmer & Simon, 2010). According to Bombuwela and Chamaru (2013), the shortage of women in higher corporate positions is associated with
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