The Gothic form of architecture spanned the period from the mid twelfth century to the sixteenth century. It originated in France, with the ambulatory of the abbey of St. Denis in Paris, built by Abbot Suger in…
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The characteristic architectural elements of the Gothic Cathedral are the rib vault, pointed arch, flying buttress, and large windows and decorative features.
The rib vault represents the greatest innovation of Gothic architecture. As the medieval masons became increasingly skilled in their mastery of stone, they found a solution to the problem of providing support to the massive ceiling vaults which covered wide spaces. Earlier, this necessity led to the building of heavy, semi-circular, barrel and groin vaults, which required extremely thick walls as support. This was now replaced by the rib vault, consisting of a series of intersecting, raised stone ribs, which supported a vaulted ceiling. The ceiling now comprised of thin panels, which could be supported by widely spaced columns and piers, instead of thick walls. The innovation of the rib vault gave the Gothic Cathedral a “new architectural grammar” (Chapuis, Heilbrunn Timeline). The rib vault led to thinner walls and large windows, transforming the architecture of the traditional cathedral.
A natural progression of the ribbed vault was the pointed arch and the flying buttress. As the pressure exerted by the vault was now concentrated at the ribs, it could be deflected downward by pointed arches. These pointed arches replaced the earlier round arches. The flexibility of the pointed arch allowed its dimensions to be adjusted in order to accommodate a large variety of openings. Next, the thrust of the roof was transferred to the outer walls by an attached outer buttress, and then to a detached pier, through a half-arch called the flying buttress. This facilitated the Gothic Cathedrals’ impression of “soaring verticality” through extremely thin, tall walls (Martindale).
The Gothic Cathedrals’ structural refinements permitted various decorative features, chiefly large windows, fitted with stained glass. The stained glass represented scenes from the Bible and
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However, Goth cannot be confined within the aforementioned conditions. Goth has emerged also an architectural style that boomed in the 1200s. It flourished mostly in Europe but their influences are still somehow relevant until today. The architectural movement lasted for almost one and a half century and the edifices are still present until now.
The Cathedral was built between 1105 and 1136 and represents a complete stylistic design of the Roman architecture throughout its design. The cathedral portrays a mixture of the antique models that portray the decorations of the Romanesque architecture, and this imitation of the antique decorations makes the cathedral to portray a rich mixture of artistic work.
Most mankind’s beautiful artistic work originated from Gothic style, the style that sprout from the Romanesque style that lasted for only one hundred years before being entirely replaced by the Gothic style. One of the greatest Gothic architecture is the Notre Dame de Chartres Cathedral in France built between 1145 and 1513.
William Byrd Musical Biography Name University William Byrd Musical Biography Introduction One of the most recognized and highly appreciated composers of music in English language was William Byrd who existed from 1540 to 1623 (Cusack, 2012, p.1). He was heavily criticized as being a truly Renaissance person and he did not fit into the categories of people of that time.
The construction of the cathedral and the dome started at the end of the 13th century, by Arnolfo di Cambio and the dome was engineered and completed by Filippo Brunelleschi. The site used to be a home to the 7th century church of Santa Reparata and the new cathedral was designed to praise Santa Maria del Fiore.
Flannery O’ Conner (1925-1964), had a Catholic family background that served as the inspiration of her writings that greatly reflect her faith in Roman Catholicism (Shmoop). According to her “The stories are hard but they are hard because there is nothing harder or less sentimental than Christian realism" (The Habits of Being).
Very often marriage life does not meet expectations of the wife and the husband and it seems that it is impossible to live any longer. In this very situation both of them need a helping hand but the question is "Do they often strong enough to understand it or continue to live in the world full of ignorance"
The High Middle Ages were preceded by the Early Middle Ages and followed by the Late Middle Ages, which by convention ends around 1500. The key historical trend of the High Middle Ages was the rapidly increasing population of Europe, which brought about great social and political change from the preceding era.
Romanesque architecture preceded gothic and were both found in buildings such as churches and cathedral in Chartes, France, Belgium and Germany. Romanesque architecture has its roots in Rome and was mainly practiced during the
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