Stained glass is defined as “glass colored by mixing pigments inherently in the glass, by fusing colored metallic oxides onto the glass, or by painting and baking transparent colors on the glass surface” (Dictionary, 2010). Stained glass has traditionally been used in church…
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However, it was during the Middle Ages or Medieval Period from 500 AD to 1450 AD, that the art of creating stained glass was developed in Europe.
Thesis Statement: The purpose of this research paper is to investigate stained glass, its background, Medieval stained glass, the process of creating the art pieces, developments, later stained glass, and the significance of the art in the modern world.
The beauty of stained glass is magical, even before it is cut and pieced together into a project. Stained glass falls into two general categories: cathedral and opalescent or opals. Cathedral glass includes all clear and transparent colored glass. Contrastingly, opalescent glass is developed from a material that crystallizes the glass during the cooling process. This results in glass “with varying degrees of oqaqueness that refletcts light rather than transmitting it” (Stevenson 8).
The term stained glass is considered to be a misnomer, since staining is only one of the techniques of coloring used, and the best medieval glass did not employ this method. In ancient times, Muslim designers in East Asia fitted small pieces of colored glass into intricate window traceries or lacy openwork, made of stone, wood, or plaster. This type of window mosaic continues to be used. In the windows of Christian churches, colored glass was used as early as the 5th century, and pictorial glass as early as the 10th century (The Columbia Encyclopedia, 2009).
In stained glass, color has been associated with emotions, through history. After entering a church, the meditative feeling that an individual gets is partly due to the interior lighting. It is believed that the rich reds and brilliant yellows traditionally used in stained glass evoked certain emotions in the viewers. Further, since many people were illiterate, books were not read to a great extent. Thus, they also
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Even though architects and historians have not reached a consensus in relation to genesis and particular time of the Romanesque architecture, with numerous proposals pegged on 6th to the 10th century, in the twelfth center it developed into the Gothic style, which deviated from the former design by having building constructed with pointed arches (Maxey 67).
Still, Wright’s designs have been linked to his philosophy of organic architecture. This is the process wherein architectural elements are brought in accord with harmony and humanity. This organic philosophy is evident in an expansive array of Wright’s work.
They have a clear construction and transparency and they are quite simple.” (Hay 1) The similarities are features that modern architects borrowed in their efforts to design modern buildings. The differences are features that modern architects deem unfit to be adopted in the construction of modern buildings.
The art involved engagement in perilous activities and had an unstable future; however, these assertions never materialized with the invention and creation of the new three dimensional stained glass windows. Art thrives through practice, it is an innate energy perfected through constant practice and training, artist better their creation through constant innovation and trying out other alternatives to the conventional artifacts.
Most mankind’s beautiful artistic work originated from Gothic style, the style that sprout from the Romanesque style that lasted for only one hundred years before being entirely replaced by the Gothic style. One of the greatest Gothic architecture is the Notre Dame de Chartres Cathedral in France built between 1145 and 1513.
It is also only a block away from the city’s Institute of Arts. The museum is open from 9 am to 5 pm, from Tuesdays to Fridays, and then from 1 pm to 5 pm on Sundays. During February, which is considered the Black History Month, the museum opens every Monday.
Gothic architecture then rapidly spread all over Europe and finds its greatest expression in the Gothic Cathedral. Notre Dame de Paris, Salisbury Cathedral, Chartres Cathedral, Reims Cathedral and Rouen Cathedral are some of
Romanesque architecture preceded gothic and were both found in buildings such as churches and cathedral in Chartes, France, Belgium and Germany. Romanesque architecture has its roots in Rome and was mainly practiced during the