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9 V. Criticisms …………………………………………………11-12 A. Critics against Leone……………………….……….11 B. Sergio’s films – the positive dimension……..……….11 VI. Conclusion…………………………………………………. 13 References…………………………………………….……. 14 Abstract Using moving images to emote human emotions like love, fear, birth, death and other living sentiments on screen, to present before the audience the experiences they feel in their own lives is the essence cinema. There are other mediums to reach out to the audience like puppetry, theaters and drama but with time and technology the celluloid world of cinema is definitely on the lead. There were many phases in film making like the era of silent films, Eastman color films etc. One such significant phase was the American westerns that led to the beginning of the Spaghetti Western genre of films. Spaghetti Westerns were popular all over the globe like Europe, USA, parts of Asia and Africa (Jones, 43). Sergio Leone was a master of such film making. Leone was not the inventor of spaghetti films but he made classic movies using it. With this sub genre of film making Sergio Leone took the style of film making to new heights. However, Sergio’s style is often disputed by critics on its originality. Nevertheless, Sergio’s contribution to film making remains undisputed as his style is quoted by many modern day film makers like Quentin Tarantino and Martin Scorsese. Introduction In the early forties, film making in Italy was in poor shape because of the ongoing world wars (Karg, Van Over and Sutherland, 14). The films made were basically made to spread anti war sentiments and for political propagation. Post war In Italy during the 40s and 50s, films were made to depict the change in human psyche. This was known as the period of neorealism. It dealt with everyday conditions of poverty, death and defeat (Italian neorealism, n.d). The Italian film industry began to show reforms with the beginning of American western genre films popularly known as the Spaghetti Westerns during 1970s mastered by Sergio Leone. It was a departure from the usual sword-and-sandal epic films (Heifetz Stricke, 1). Sergio’s spaghetti films were successful in Italy because of their differences from the classical westerns films (Bondanella, 255). There were distinct features like the identification of the central character was always kept hidden, women being used only as widows or were completely absent, equal level of violence enacted by all characters and a hint of dark humor. These films were made in Italian studios and had American and other actors (Traina, 1). Films made by Leone were narrative, artistic, and had other conventions. His films revived the career of many aging Hollywood actors and saved Cinecitta which was almost shut down because of the failure of Hollywood movies (Film Series/ Events). Sergio Leone made remarkable influence in modern European cinema by changing the pattern of traditional Hollywood motion pictures. Leone introduced many new concepts in film making through the Spaghetti Westerns. He was notable for many special cinematic features like taking close ups of the actors to make the emotion appear more realistic and convincing. Spaghetti Westerns films used the dry locales in Spain instead of presenting conventional themes. Sergio collaborated with Ennio Morricone while developing the film scores
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