Nobody downloaded yet

The Erechtheion on the Acropolys of Athens - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Instructor name Date The Erechtheion on the Acropolis of Athens Whether living in the modern age or at some point in the past, it remains a true statement that “architecture is the unavoidable art” (Roth 3). Human beings for centuries have continued to exist and grow within spaces that we have constructed for ourselves…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.7% of users find it useful
The Erechtheion on the Acropolys of Athens
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Erechtheion on the Acropolys of Athens"

Download file to see previous pages If we wish to understand ourselves, we must take care not to eliminate the ‘shell’ of our past, for it is the physical record of our aspirations and achievements” (Roth 3). This is a perfect analogy for the buildings we construct because the oldest segments of the nautilus shell are found within the depths of its interior just as the oldest concepts of architecture are still found within the depths of our architectural core theories. What Roth is suggesting is that architectural knowledge of any type must necessarily build upon the work completed in the past and this work remains forever embedded within the frameworks created in the present. As a result, there remains a great deal to be learned from some of the existing architectural works of the ancient past such as the Erechtheion on the Acropolis of Athens. Attempting to trace the architectural theories of the ancients is not as easy as it might seem as there were a number of architects working at the same time, not all of whom worked from the same foundational theories which had yet to be codified. An example of this is best illustrated by more modern examples. Even though we have access to numerous books and articles about Greek art and architecture today, there are still a great number of theories in existence as to what exactly comprises architecture. These theories continue to change with time, material, usage of the structure and so forth. This makes architectural theory even today difficult to standardize. “The majority of programs that purport to be theories of architecture seek to combine aesthetic, social and practical considerations in an integrated whole; the emphasis being either theoretical or practical, according to whether the author is an architect himself, and on whom he is writing for” (Kruft 14). In other words, there seems to be as many theories of architecture today as there are architects and it seems reasonable to assume that this same condition existed in the past as it does now. If there were fewer theories in antiquity, this would be more the result of a fewer number of working architects rather than a limited number of ideas to float around. Extending back even to the ancient Romans, though, architects began to record their theories for the benefit of future generations to build and expand upon. Thus, they are able to continue to contribute to developing thought many years after their physical deaths. These published discussions are invaluable because they reveal the influences of the ancients and reveal some of the common shared theories that may have been employed by the ancient Greeks. An important figure in the recording of these ideas was the Roman Vitruvius. Vitruvius was originally an artillery engineer who worked during the period of Augustus, the first Roman emperor, but he made his name a part of history through his work as an architect and an author. “His ten books on architecture, De Architectura (trans. 1914), are the oldest surviving work on the subject. They consist of dissertations on a wide variety of subjects relating to architecture, engineering, sanitation, practical hydraulics, acoustic vases, and the like. Much of the material appears to have been taken from earlier extinct treatises by Greek architects” (Calter). Within his texts, Vitruvius outlines three basic elements of design he and presumably the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The Erechtheion on the Acropolys of Athens Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(The Erechtheion on the Acropolys of Athens Essay)
“The Erechtheion on the Acropolys of Athens Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Erechtheion on the Acropolys of Athens

A Comparison of Athens and Sparta

...?XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX 30 November A Comparison of Athens and Sparta The Greeks of ancient times were warrior tribes who had a common language but fought incessantly with each other struggling for the possession of the most rich and fertile lands. By the beginning of 5th century B.C. there were about four and a half million men in Greece. It was at this time that Athens emerged as the most powerful of the city states. The city emerged as the cultural capital of the entire Greek world and it was the cradle of contemporary western science and philosophy. The Athenian empire reached its zenith during Pericles’s life time. The city was full of splendor and Athenians themselves...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Economy of Ancient Athens

...?Economy of Ancient Athens during Hellenistic Period Economy of Ancient Athens Introduction The geographic location of Athens made it a major import and export hub. The regions that supplied Athens with grain and wheat included Italy, Egypt and Sicily and areas that surrounded the Black sea (Amemiya, 2007). The Greek cities exported fabrics, metals, wine and olive oil. Athens mainly traded in marbles, silver coins and a high proportion of silver (Amemiya, 2007). These coins served as a means of exchange and also a source of metal for Athenians. The main trade participants were the emporoi and Athen’s Piraeus port collected duty that was...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Art and Architecture in 5th Century Athens

.... The extensive reformations and reconstruction of the city of Athens highlights a tendency to return to or a deviation from the sanctuary and civic centre designs ranging from 750-450 BCE. Examples of prominent works at this period entail reconstruction of the Temple of Plympian Zeus, reconstruction of the Temple of Apollo located in Delphi, and the reconstruction the Acropolis of Athens. This is most apparent at the Elymian site of Segesta, a location where the Elymians started to construct a Doric temple within the 5th century BC, whereby the reconstructions mirror the religious and civic centre designs in the period ranging 750-450 BCE in terms of (1) foot style; (2) exterior...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Athens Olympic stadium

...The Athens Olympic stadium was first inaugurated in 1982 at the 13th European Athletics Championships and hosted a number of international athletic and cultural events, before being refurbished for the Athens Olympic Games of 2004. The renovation of this stadium was assigned to the world-renowned architect Santiago Calatrava. Calatrava refurbished the entire main Olympic complex, including the stadium, using his trademark style of arches and white color. Refurbishment involved the construction of an arched roof to cover 95 % of the seating of the concrete bowl of the stadium. In the following pages how the stadium's renovation turned out an enormous technical challenge and became a milestone for the city...
5 Pages(1250 words)Case Study

Medieval and early modern Athens

...and command of the Ottomans. When the Ottoman's power was declining the Turks tried to invade the city and Propylaea was struck down in 1640. In 1687 , Athens was surrounded by the Venetians and the Ottomans had to dismantle the temple of Athena Nike to secure their main mosque, the Parthenon. Later Acropolies caused massive damage to this mosque. Sometime later the Turkish forces set fire to the city and caused vital damage and the ancient monuments were badly destroyed. Later the relief from Parthenon was removed by the British resident of Athens between the period of 1801 to 1805. In 1822 a Greek insurgency captured the city but it was again recaptured by the Ottomans in 1826. In 1832...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

English experience through language

3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Short Report on Ancient Athens

... Short Report on Ancient Athens Introduction Athenian democracy was a unique political system in the year 500 BC which evolved in the city of Athens. This political system was innovative, stable, and powerful as compared with the other democratic systems developed by Greek cities. A system of direct democracy, the people had the right to directly pass and draft laws. Political participation was limited to adult males who had served and participated in the military system. The remaining population was denied the right to vote or participate in the political system. This paper analyzes the problems and challenges faced by the Athenian democracy. Finally it concludes that the system was indeed democratic. Political institutions... and...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


...The reason that we study the two dominant Greek s, Athens and Sparta, in ancient Greece is an outcome in part of the domestic stability which each attained. In a Greek civilization where civil conflict leaned to direct power inwards, the distinctive form of oligarchy of Sparta triumphed in putting off vicious overthrow in Lakonia for hundreds of years, whereas the Athenian charter in the ancient period was subject only temporarily to disruption, by the oligarchic administrations of 411-410 as well as 404-403 (Grote 2001). Both city-states were hence free for a considerable amount of time to expand their influences and powers, with political repercussions which we are aware of. Also, in Athens, there came out adequate resources... and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Athens and Florence

...Athens and Florence Athens and Florence The political structure of Athens during its Golden Age was democratic. King Solon transformed Athenian democracy at the onset of Athens’ golden age. This political restructuring was significant to overall Greece since it led the country out of a volatile era and into its Golden Age. Social features of Athens during this era entailed multiple conflicts that King Solon too helped alleviate. King Solon had to mediate diverse groups that were in social strife to allow for Athens’ economic progress. Lastly, a major cultural element of Athens during its golden age is the growth of tragic...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Erechtheion on the Acropolys of Athens for FREE!

Contact Us