We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Mamoru Oshii: Post-Modern Surrealism in Japanese Anime - Essay Example

Comments (0)
In looking for surrealism in contemporary art and popular media, it is important to understand the difference between the appropriation of surrealist symbolism for shock value within the stream of media images that comprises everyday mass-media communications and what the surrealists themselves sought to express…
Download full paper
Mamoru Oshii: Post-Modern Surrealism in Japanese Anime
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Mamoru Oshii: Post-Modern Surrealism in Japanese Anime

Download file to see previous pages... In looking for surrealism in contemporary art and popular media, it is important to understand the difference between the appropriation of surrealist symbolism for shock value within the stream of media images that comprises everyday mass-media communications and what the surrealists themselves sought to express. In searching for a historical definition, “The Surrealist Manifesto” written by Andre Breton in 1924 states: “SURREALISM, n. Psychic automatism in its pure state, by which one proposes to express -- verbally, by means of the written word, or in any other manner -- the actual functioning of thought. Dictated by the thought, in the absence of any control exercised by reason, exempt from any aesthetic or moral concern.”1 Through this interpretation, the surrealist use of automatic drawing, dream symbolism, and irrationality was an expression of the larger reality of mind and awareness than represented in the narrow frequencies of ego consciousness. Thus, in looking for examples of surrealism in contemporary popular culture, it is difficult to find many artists, directors, or producers who are really attempting to express “the actual functioning of thought” in their work either visually or methodologically. To do so is to approach the visual arts as an expression of philosophy, as Marcel Duchamp did in early Cubism and dada, or as Salvador Dali, Man Ray, and Andre Breton approached painting, photography, and literature in the Surrealism movement. Some of the most interesting examples of Surrealism in post-modern art that simultaneously attempts to view visual arts and narrative as a larger expression of mind consistent with its own logic are the animation films of Mamoru Oshii. Oshii is a Japanese anime producer, director, artist, and writer whose most famous works are “The Ghost in the Shell – I/II,” ‘Patlabor 1&2,” “Avalon,” and other animation films in both English and Japanese.2 This essay will focus on his most influential series, the “Ghost in the Shell” animated films which include three releases: Ghost in the Shell (1995) – The first anime in the series draws upon a “Blade Runner” theme of cyborg life becoming sentient, and can be seen as one of the first attempts to represent the visual and conceptual philosophy of “cyberspace” as William Gibson had outlined it in his novels. The question of “artificial life” develops on themes related to Philip K. Dick and schizophrenia, which Mamoru Oshii re-contextualizes through the use of surrealism in the film to reflect Salvador Dali’s “critical paranoia” in methodology. This anime was reportedly the influence for the Matrix films.3 Ghost in the Shell 2 - Innocence (2004) – The follow up film in the series continues the experimentation with subjectivity in the film, making the surrealist influence clear as “special officers of Public Security Section 9 are investigating a cyborg corporation called LOCUS SOLUS (a name taken) from the novel of the same name by French author Raymond Roussel...”4 The entire anime is presented as a series of distorted perceptions or hallucinations that evolve on a schizophrenic basis as an analogy for artificial intelligence but also as an example of post-modern theory as expressed in the writings of Deleuze, Guattari, Harraway, Baudrillard, Foucault, Jameson, and others. Ghost in the Shell 2.0 (2008) – This release involved the use of the latest 3D-CGI technology to “remix” the original anime, and it also included new voices and music. In continuing the theme of the “Ghost in the Shell” movies representing a larger stream of consciousness and fragmentation of personality into the characters, this release also highlights automatic aspects of digital art that is consistent with the original view of Breton of Surrealism in being symbolically representative of the unconscious. Salvador Dali reformed the early automatist oriented aspects ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Post-war Manga and Animes comments on Japanese Society
Japanese Manga and Animes have a huge fan following in Japan and it has a sizeable amount of followers on a global front as well. Even though, Japanese Animes and mangas is more like art form involving a stylized exaggeration in the representation and formation of character. Unlike normal cartoons, Japanese Animes have strong plot and does not have the same element of slapstick comedy involved. Animes and Mangas have a strong plot and there visual characteristics may involve a strong influence of Japanese Calligraphy in the brush strokes used to draw various characters.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
The Position of Japanese Women Employees In Post-bubble Era
This paper analyzes the contribution of women to the total workforce that has not been quite satisfactory since time immemorial. The author takes Japan as example. He assumes that in nations like Japan, women involvement in employment was poor as the local tradition supported their services mainly at looking after the domestic activities.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Japanese culture from ancient to modern times

The author provides some examples of the relations and exchange between China and Japan over the past centuries. China and Japan thus share a vast history across multiple disciplines including warfare and technological development. While each country had its share of ups and downs, it appears that the Japanese have marched ahead of the Chinese.

4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Post Modern Preaching
Different from the ancient congregation, the modern congregation has been exposed to significant change and technological advances. Apart from the physical change, the modern audience has also undergone spiritual change in terms of who and what to believe in.
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper
Contrast between Japanese Ninja Anime and American Ninja Cartoon
The two movies are related yet very different in terms of presentation and use of cinematography techniques. Moreover, the films have different ways of creating and presentation of characters. Nevertheless, the movies have a similar audience and their plot developments are almost similar.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Post-modern Business Discourse
Post-modern business discourse is focused on the economic and social consequences of corporate practices.Transparency, though, must also take into account the subjective nature of gathering, analyzing and presenting data as published accounting information.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Post-modern Performing Art
The postmodernists in turn reacted against the physicality and overt sensuality of Duncan and Graham. Copeland explains this reaction in terms of the feminism of the sixties and seventies, which "eyed the sexual revolution with considerable suspicion, fearful that it hadn't really liberated women, but had simply made them more available."
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay
The Post-Modern Condition
1. Premodern: Signs express a "natural law of value" reflecting a reality that appears to exist in its own right and on its own terms. Symbols map an order that is extrinsic to language and culture. Example: Holy Scripture (signifier) reveals God's Law (as object or referent).
19 Pages(4750 words)Essay
Post-Modern Tourism
That a tourist can stay or move freely anytime at their hearts desire or because they want to(Lausti par 1). Through tourism it spreads modernity to the society through various tourist attractions that provides direct access to the modern consciousness of the ' world's view' and trend ( MacCannell as cited in Tourist Production, Par 8).
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Painting Styles, Impressionist, Post-Impressionist & Modern
The researcher of this essay analyzes Painting Styles, Impressionist, Post-Impressionist & Modern. Developed in France during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, ‘Impressionism’ was first originated in painting and later in Music. Developed in France during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, ‘Impressionism’ was first originated.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Mamoru Oshii: Post-Modern Surrealism in Japanese Anime for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us