How did the Shanghai School and Lingnan School of Painting contribute to the innovations of the traditional Chinese ink painting? Introduction: Origins of Chinese Ink Painting. Chinese culture is deeply entwined in its technologies of silk and paper making, both of which are fundamental to the art that is known as guo hua, literally “land painting, ” or “national painting.” From the earliest times the natural world provided the main themes , and the activity of painting was regarded as the job of a particularly wise and educated person, on a par with poetry and calligraphy…
Download file to see previous pages...
“Chinese painting, which is based on graphic conventions, builds from a planar, rather than an optical, structure. Early pictorial representation, using graphic symbols, reads both horizontally along register lines and vertically in an open field in the picture surface.” (Fong, 2003, no page number.) This close relationship between the written word and the pictorial image lasted for many centuries right into the twentieth century. The administrators and courtiers of successive imperial dynasties were generally the only people who possessed the literary skills necessary to be an artist and they produced beautiful monochrome pictures in black ink, sometimes with washes of carefully chosen colors, representing landscape or birds, fish and animals. In the sixth century a set of six laws of painting were formed by Xie He (active c. 500-535) and they are Spirit Resonance, or vitality; Bone Method, a type of brushwork; Correspondence to the Object, or depicting of forms, Suitability of Type, a method of laying on colors; Division and Planning, which means arrangement or composition; and Transmission by Copying, which is a way of ensuring that ancient models are passed on to future generations. (Clunes, 2009, p. 46). As technologies such as woodblocks and various kinds of printing developed, so the range of colors grew, and experimentation in the use of lines and washes also. The key ancient features of Chinese painting styles were cumulative, and change was gradual, that is to say, successive generations of artists consciously incorporated the earlier techniques of the masters, and carried them forward by synthesizing them into new compositions. Copying older works was advocated as a way of improving, and this is why there is such a consistent and recognizable line of tradition all the way through Chinese ink painting so that “every compositional detail, every outline, texture and ink wash had its origin in an ancient source.” (Sullivan, 2000, p. 258). Simpler peasant styles, especially portraits, with clear ink outlines were popular alongside the more sophisticated literati styles. Contribution of The Shanghai School to Chinese Ink Painting. Things began to change, however, in the middle of the nineteenth century when China began to open up to influences from the West, and one city in particular was most receptive to this new phenomenon: Shanghai. As a thriving port city it was the point of arrival for many ships and it became the most international of all art scenes in China, fuelled by the profits of traders from within China and beyond. Artists from the provinces flocked to Shanghai in the hope of finding buyers and patrons for their work. In the 1840s and 1850s the prevailing style was still was traditional bird-and-flower paintings using a wash without outlines. This style was used by Zhang Xiong (1803-1886), a
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Art of Modern China Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/visual-arts-film-studies/1393001-art-of-modern-china
(Art of Modern China Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“Art of Modern China Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/visual-arts-film-studies/1393001-art-of-modern-china.
The paper focuses on freedom theme in the modern art. Art today is devoid of walls from the conventional aesthetic standards of output where expressions are devised in many various forms. Today, art has been exhibited and expressed in surprisingly varied media greatly influenced by the global modernization.
This researcher of this paper aims to analyze Herbert Boeckl, the modern art painter. He began the study of architecture at Vienna’s Technical University after he failed in the admission into the Fine Arts Academy in Vienna. After an initial period of study, he turned self skilled, to painting in 1914 exercising a lifelong weight on Austrian art.
It is an immense undertaking that seems even more so, because it was constructed centuries ago. There is little that man has made today that will, likely, be standing up to the ages as the Great Wall of China has done. One of the earliest American works discussing the wall, titled, appropriately, the “Great Wall of China,” by William Edgar Geil, published in 1909, acknowledged the presence of the wall as something that, “…separates the age of myth from the age of fact”(Geil 5).
Statistics show that there are more than fifty ethnic groups that call China home. China has a population of 1.34 billion people. There is no official religion in China due to the fact that it is a communist state. Half of the population in China do not have any religious affiliations and in some cases identify themselves as atheists.
According to the Oxford dictionaries, pop art is art based on mass media and the modern popular culture. The definition goes further to explain pop culture as critical or ironical comment towards traditional art. The discovery of the camera during the American Civil War was thought to be the end of painting and art.
The paper discovers the fashion and clothing in China. “Elegant Chinese Dresses accentuate a women's curves while adding a touch of mystery”. The contemporary Chinese clothing has a greater appeal to the masses than every before. This paper discusses Chinese clothing and fashion. In ancient times, Chinese clothing made frequent use.
tioned, to increase followers during Buddhism’s earlier years, its general process of development in India and Tibet was through acculturation that included two-way assimilation between Buddhism and local Indian and Tibetan cults (Rambelli 43). Acculturation continues up to
Chinese painting is among the oldest artistic cultures in the world that has lasted for more than 3000 years. Chinese artists used brush and ink on silk or paper to make paintings that have left the world astounded thousands of years later. What is even shocking is that these paintings were made without alterations since brushstrokes were inerasable.
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Art of Modern China for FREE!