Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Tourist Typologies and Tourist Motivations - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The essay "Tourist Motivation And Tourist Typologies" aims to examine tourist topologies in detail and looks into information about tourist motivations. It also discusses the benefits and limitations of tourist typologies.
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.4% of users find it useful
Tourist Typologies and Tourist Motivations
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Tourist Typologies and Tourist Motivations"

Download file to see previous pages Closely related to tourist motivation are tourist typologies. Tourist typologies refers to the profiles of groups of people with similar travel needs and requirements. Tourist typologies are closely related to tourist motivations because originally tourist motivations were used in constructing tourist typologies. This is true with the work of many early writers especially Cohen.Different authors have come up with different versions of constructing tourist typologies.
Cohen(1972),categorized tourists into four types. The first category is what he called
‘organized’ mass tourists. This type of tourists buy their holiday package and after that they follow the decisions and programs of their tour operators. They interact less with the host community and confine themselves in an ‘environmental bubble’. An environmental bubble is what surrounds the tourist ‘from the security of which they observe and experience the strangeness of the host environment’ making the tourist to taste the new environment without being overwhelmed by it.(Cohen 1972)The second type of tourist is the ‘individual mass tourist’. This type, unlike the organized mass tourist,have some control of their own programs although, like the organized mass tourist, they use the facilities provided by their tour operators. Again, many individual mass tourists visit ‘sights’ in much the same way as organized mass tourists.(Cohen 1972)The third type of tourists is the ‘explorer’ .This type of tourist is much more independent than the above two types.
many early writers especially Cohen.
Different authors have come up with different versions of constructing tourist typologies.
Cohen(1972),categorized tourists into four types. The first category is what he called
'organized' mass tourists. This type of tourists buy their holiday package and after that
they follow the decisions and programs of their tour operators. They interact less with
the host community and confine themselves in an 'environmental bubble'. An
environmental bubble is what surrounds the tourist 'from the security of which they
observe and experience the strangeness of the host environment' making the tourist to
taste the new environment without being overwhelmed by it.(Cohen 1972)
The second type of tourist is the 'individual mass tourist'. This type, unlike the organized
mass tourist ,have some control of their own programs although, like the organized mass
tourist , they use the facilities provided by their tour operators. Again, many individual
mass tourists visit 'sights' in much the same way as organized mass tourists.(Cohen
1972)The third type of tourists is the 'explorer' .This type of tourist is much more
independent than the above two types. The explorer makes his own programs on where
he wants to go and visit. He associates himself more with the local people and many a
times speaks the language of the local people although he still puts up in comfortable
hotels. He sticks to the things he does in his daily life. (Cohen 1972).
The last type of tourists according to Cohen is the 'drifter'. The drifter will live with the
community. He gets embedded in their culture and even earns his income from the
community often by doing low skilled jobs. This helps him to easily mix with the ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Tourist Typologies and Tourist Motivations Essay”, n.d.)
Tourist Typologies and Tourist Motivations Essay. Retrieved from
(Tourist Typologies and Tourist Motivations Essay)
Tourist Typologies and Tourist Motivations Essay.
“Tourist Typologies and Tourist Motivations Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Tourist Typologies and Tourist Motivations

Tourist in dangerous places

Traveling in dangerous places has been a historically relevant activity to discovery and adventure and current tourists engage in travels that have risk, adventure, and discovery of new cultures which are not always taken with precautions to limit the risk in which they have immersed themselves. There has emerged a method of travel that provides for the same risk fulfillment that was once a part of the nature of Western civilization as they expanded their influence and territories into ’exotic’ locations. Exotic and dangerous places in the world still exist, creating levels of excitement and risk that can provide the adventurer with a great deal of elevated experience. In addition, travel to some locations are such that it is so...
10 Pages (2500 words) Research Paper

The Suicide tourist

... The Suicide Tourist The precincts of moral and immoral behaviour have often been an issue of controversy. This controversy has always arisen from the different perspectives and moral theories that people apply in judging whether an action is morally wrong or right. In particular, the moral theories come into question when they involve decisions pertaining to the right of ending one’s life. In the contemporary society, much debate has been centred on the moral precincts of ‘Suicide Tourism.’ To this end, suicide tourism refers to a type of tourism in which the tourists’ willingly travel to countries that tolerate euthanasia in order to end their lives. In countries such as Switzerland, legally operated clinics such as ‘Dignitas’ offer...
3 Pages (750 words) Essay

Tourist Destination

... to the other. It was the basic necessities of life such as water, food, resources that acted as the early motivators of travelling. Nevertheless, the idea to travel for leisure and pleasure emerged after quite a few hundred years. One of the early travel guides, Guide to Greece was written by Pausanias during 170 A.D for the Roman tourists (PRM, n.d.). The surge in leisure travelling activities occurred due to the development of technology. Earlier travellers used to travel either by walking or rode domesticated animals. Slowly with the passage of time, the invention of different transportation mediums, improved road condition and stabilized government has played a critical role in the robust growth of this industry. With each new...
12 Pages (3000 words) Assignment

Brodfield Tourist Information Centre

...1. ERD Diagram: 2 Use Case Diagram: 2.2. Diagram: 2.3. Object Interaction Diagram (Sequence Diagram 2.4. Object Interaction Diagram (Collaboration Diagram): 3.One of the several features of the developed BTIC tourism model is the billing feature which requires the tourist to provide sensitive information like credit card details, bank account number or even social security number in some cases. Taking this into consideration, Security is the key factor in the BTIC tourism model. The generated queries have to be robust and secure enough so as not to leak secure customer and the organization information. Complexity is another issue to be considered while developing the BTIC tourism system. In this model, many tables will be generated...
4 Pages (1000 words) Assignment

Tourist Industry

Manipulation and Cooperation
Twisting and distorting facts to make them appear more attractive.
The applications of direct threats or force upon resisters.
Effective Incentive Scheme
Staff is unhappy with the arrangement of incentive scheme and tension is running high between the local management and the sales staff. Staff at Euro is also in competition with one another as the greatest amount of time saved per month by an individual globally, is rewarded with a cash payment.
DIRECTIONS: Euro Travel in such a case should setup its own incentive scheme, which can produce effective results by keeping the following results in consideration.
Communicate goals
Communicate what you are doing and why...
18 Pages (4500 words) Assignment

Tourist art

...Tourist art analysis: Plastic floral lei and petroglyph pottery TIM 321 Homework #2 5 February Tourist Art Analysis: Plastic Floral Lei and Petroglyph Pottery Aboriginal cultural heritage has been closely connected to the production and consumption of its cultural symbols and tools through tourism arts. Tourism arts enable local people, or other artists and business people, to copy cultural tools and symbols and to sell them to locals or visitors. Scholars have different perspectives on how tourism arts affect the meaning and relevance of native culture. On the one hand, tourism art can reduce the meaning of aboriginal art, because it commoditizes aboriginal tools and beliefs (Simons, 2000). On the other hand, tourist art can also serve...
4 Pages (1000 words) Essay

Tourist typologies, motivation & decision making

...Tourist Typologies, Motivation & Decision Making INTRODUCTION Tourism industry is often regarded as a rapidly booming and key developmental pillar of modern economy. The significance of this industry has undoubtedly augmented at a substantial extent in the recent decades following an increase in the proportion of contribution made by this industry in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the nation. This particular industry includes the deliverance of services such as restaurants, theme parks along with cruise line services for the people who are associated with the industry (Akaegbu 2013). Its significance is also depicted from the aspect that it has major contributions to the global economy. Moreover, this particular industry provides...
8 Pages (2000 words) Essay


... No: Tourist Attraction Site Visit I am a very crazy soccer spectator. Houston opening games are going to be wonderful series of events. I read on a website that Houston is a great tourist destination. Houston Dynamo games are series of soccer events that are organized on yearly basis. I watched live games on TV in 2006 and since then I am fan of these events. I met head of organizing committee including Houston mayor and asked several questions regarding the events. I asked about hotels in the city for comfortable stay during the events. Mayor told me about various hotels in downtown Houston with cheap rates. These hotels provide amazing facilities to tourists. I asked organizing committee about procedures for purchasing tickets...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Tourist guide system

Lancaster Guide Project Instruction Lancaster Guide Project of the Lancaster Guide Project The Project is aimed at developing adevice that can be hand-held for the Lancaster visitors. These devices are computerized and feed with all physical locations of area in and out of Lancaster, as well as, most preferred areas by customers. It is designed to give directions to the user from one position to the other, access the best places in town and receive or send text messages. The project obtains information from a Wireless Communication Link which makes it different from other Computer Based Projects (Martin, 1994). The guide system comprises of base stations such as chain of cell base stations, units that are designed to be hand-held...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Project Management Plan: Cheap Calls for International Students and Tourist

...Executive Summary The purpose of this project addresses the immediate need and tourists in Brisbane to be provided with an alternatives means of communication. Basically, the initial concept, developed by Queensland University of Technology (QUT) offers cheap international calls for tourists and foreign students. Despite the competition in information and communication technology (ICT) overseas telephone calls remain expensive. Service providers are citing the increased cost in overhead as the primary reason for the costs of international costs to remain high. Initially, QUT will start the project and will subsequently be turned over to a private firm after income targets have been satisfied. The project will require 100,000 AUD...
11 Pages (2750 words) Term Paper

Different Motivations That Exist When Consumers Make Buying Decisions

...Contents Contents 1 Introduction 2 Definition of Consumer 3 Consumer Behavior 4 Personality 5 Purchase decisions 5 Motivation 6 Motivation and Purchasing Decision 7 Goals & shopping motivation 9 Decision Making 10 Conclusion 11 References 12 Introduction Research studies, since 1970s, continuously focused on finding the linkages between the consumer products and their potential correlation with the “consumption related attitudes” (Orepsa, 1995) thus there is a great body of knowledge available which strongly predict the role of different motivations that exist when consumers decide to make a buying decision. In order to effectively devise and manage marketing strategies, it is very critical that the firms must take...
10 Pages (2500 words) Essay

The Religious Motivations of the Europeans: According to Their Own Rules and Their Own God

..., it should be pointed out that the positive aspects of the Latin American cultures had nothing to do with their religions, though Montaigne did show a basic respect for these religions in their own right: “As to one only God, the proposition had pleased them well; but that they would not change their religion, both because they had so long and happily lived in it.” Finally, Montaigne further goes on to state that the religious motivations of the Europeans weren’t even approved of according to their own rules and their own God. For instance, Montaigne states that: “God meritoriously permitted that all this great plunder should be swallowed up by the sea in transportation, or in the civil wars wherewith they devoured one another; and most...
10 Pages (2500 words) Literature review

Electoral Reform: Motivations and Implications in the European Context

...Electoral Reform: Motivations and Implications – the European Context Introduction Societies are governed and governments are chosen; the old way of which is through elections – a system that had begun in ancient Athens, Greece, and in the Roman republic as well that for thousands years has evolved into different systems (Freeman 2001, p. 623) in response to changing contexts and situations. In elections, governments are generally chosen and installed in power by the vote of the people. At this particular occasion, (perhaps, in some countries this is the only occasion that) politicians become too interested to their constituents, because it is when the citizenry legitimately exercise its political power as it decides who from among...
16 Pages (4000 words) Essay

The Tanzania Tourist Board

...Introduction Changing the outcome of various organizations relies on the correct marketing mix and understanding of how to approach the needs within various communities. The scenario for the Tanzania Tourist Board is one that can use different marketing approaches to begin to change the tourist levels that come to Tanzania. Identifying new target markets, looking at various concepts of marketing and driving forward the economy forward relies on looking at other marketing concepts. The marketing mix as well as the alternatives that can be applied to the process of marketing will provide the tourist board with new considerations as they expand the tourist market to alternative possibilities for growth. Concept and Process of Marketing...
9 Pages (2250 words) Assignment

Personal Motivations and Winning Scholarship

...Personal Essays for Winning Scholarship 1. Personal Motivations Being a member of the faculty of (customer’s university/institute), this scholarship is a main objective for acquiring valuable education and training to play pivotal role for community development. Since this scholarship program concentrates on young women researchers, the aspirant can participate significantly in higher education, especially for women in engineering field. In the field of chemical engineering, the drag reduction in turbulent flows by additives, my study proposal for this masters programme, deals greatly with oil and gas industry. Currently, there is a big need of updated and upgraded faculty in the universities of Uzbekistan which can prepare...
7 Pages (1750 words) Scholarship Essay

Fremantle as a Historical Tourist Destination Offering a Fair Blend of Modern and Old Culture

...Tourism Audit: Fremantle, West Australia Contents: Sr. No. Topic Pg. No Introduction 2 2. Review of tourism and hospitality product 3 3. Sustainability and Cost-benefit analysis 8 4. Butler’s life cycle 12 5. Conclusions 13 References 15 I. Introduction The city of Fremantle is a port city, situated in Western Australia, about 19 kilo meters southwest of the capital city, Perth. It is surrounded by the Swan River, and has beautiful landscapes, heritage architecture and historical sites. It is a beautiful blend of music, arts and culture which further add to the charm of this place, making it a popular tourist destination for both local as well as international visitors (City of Fremantle, 2011). In early days, where ships...
8 Pages (2000 words) Case Study

Service Quality in Tourist Accommodation Organizations

...Service Quality in Tourist Accommodation Organizations Introduction This paper reviews the literature on service quality in operations management. Service quality plays an integral role in matching performance to customer expectations that may be based on past experience or advertised services. Managers in service organizations are responsible for ensuring reasonable consistency and high levels of quality in service interactions. Managers often have to contend with priorities pulling in different directions, for instance in the tradeoff between service quality and service productivity. The findings in this paper will be applied to the customer-service provider interactions in the accommodation sector, particularly between guests...
6 Pages (1500 words) Research Paper

Limits of Typologies of Rapists and Analysis of Their Motivations

...The Psychology of Criminal Behaviour Limits of Typologies of Rapists and Analysis of their Motivations Introduction This research work deals with the issues relating to the typologies of rapists and their motivations regarding this crime. Rape is a crime that involves a number of typologies that are determined by the conduct and motivation of the offender. In this context, feminists contend that rape constitutes a deliberate attempt by males to subdue and petrify females. On the other hand, evolutionary psychologists contend that the offender is chiefly motivated by sexual concerns[CITATION Rob07 \p 509 \l 1033 ]. Typologies of rapists, notwithstanding their critical significance as evaluative, analytical or curative tools, demand great...
8 Pages (2000 words) Research Paper

Santorini as the Best Tourist Destination in the World

...A Report on Tourism Destination to Santorini According to the World Tourism Organisation, tourism is defined as the travel from one's own environment to a faraway place as part of leisure or for business purposes (Mandic, Mrnjavac and Kordic, 2018). Tourism is categorised into domestic and international tourism. People have different reasons to travel and therefore, the tourist must consider to have a good tour plan and choose appropriately the preferred tourist destination. The destination depends on the principles of preference and choice that is governed by the policy of nature gravitating around suitable tourism sustainability. In this report, Santorini will be discussed as the best tourist destination in the world. Santorini Island...
19 Pages (4750 words) Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Tourist Typologies and Tourist Motivations for FREE!

Contact Us