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Impacts of Tourism on Thailand (Eco Tourism, Cultural Tourism) - Essay Example


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Impacts of Tourism on Thailand (Eco Tourism, Cultural Tourism)

This has regulated the indiscriminate exploitation of environmental resources associated with tourism industry. As the major destinations in Thailand are environmentally fragile areas, this becomes of increased relevance. A major milestone in the development of ecotourism in Thailand was in 1995, when the Deputy Governor for Planning and Development of Tourism Authority of Thailand came up with a series of reports emphasizing the need of ecotourism and thus promoting ecotourism (Nick, 1999, pp.316-332). Resultantly, a national ecotourism strategy was formulated. However, the initial recommendations of this strategy have been referred to as greening mechanism of the mass tourism which existed then. With reference to this argument a major impact of ecotourism in Thailand is that ecotourism could be used as a campaign to involve the participants of mass tourism in protection of environment. It could also be successfully used by the Tourism Authority of Thailand to improve many of the existing destinations (Nick, 1999, pp.316-332). The tourism industry of Thailand took up the idea of ecotourism very quickly. It also received institutional and policy support by the end of 1995. The Institute of ecotourism was established by the University of Srinakharinwirot at Bangkok in the same year (Nick, 1999, pp.316-332). The eight plan of the Thailand government set aside 3 billion baht exclusively for ecotourism. Apart from the monetary support, Thailand promoted ecotourism by pushing ideas like ecotourism

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guide certification and Annual Tourism award for environmental friendly operators (Nick, 1999, pp.316-332). It has been observed that the community has used eco tourism as a tool for natural protection which gradually led to the concept of community based ecotourism. A very good example to explain the impact of ecotourism project is the success of Koh Yao Noi ecotourism project in the Southern Thai peninsula. It has been found that this project could successfully engage the traditional knowledge of the community to ensure the conservation of the biodiversity of the area (Walter P ,2009,pp.513-532). It has been opined that the broader definition that the government gave for ecotourism resulted in the development of mass tourism and could improve the quality of destinations in terms of conservation of environment including cultural and social aspects of it. Cultural tourism Cultural tourism refers to the promotion of the cultural aspects of a destination as to attract tourists. From the tourist’s perspective, visiting a place to see, enjoy and understand the culture of an area is referred to as cultural tourism. Cultural tourism has been defined as "visits by persons from outside the host community motivated wholly or in part by interest in the historical, artistic, scientific or lifestyle/heritage offerings of a community, region, group or institution.It serves as an ideal platform to uphold the culture of a region or a country Silberberg T (1994). Thailand being a culturally rich country, the scope for cultural tourism in Thailand is immense. One major negative impact of eco tourism is that the nature is being increasingly commoditized for the sake of tourism. It is an increasing trend in Thailand, that many of the ecotourism projects are run by foreign big players and the community
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Ecotourism The debates on the impacts on tourism on environment led to the concept of ecotourism. Fillion et al (1994, pp.174-194) has defined ecotourism as a form of tourism which allows the tourist to enjoy and appreciate nature. Ecotourism basically sets forth a model wherein tourism as an activity does not affect the environment of the destination…
Impacts of Tourism on Thailand (Eco Tourism, Cultural Tourism)
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