Analyse the roles and influences of the various actors and groups involved in policymaking for tourism Introduction The UK tourism sector, an underrated yet major revenue earner, occupies an important position within the country’s economy. It is one of the six largest industries in UK, while being third largest amongst the export-earning businesses (Department for Culture Media and Sport, Government Tourism Policy, 2011)…
Download file to see previous pages...
Thus, tourism, for any State, creates job opportunities, bringing in money, while forming a cost-effective measure to revive ‘run-down communities’ (ibid). A sustainable and well-managed tourism sector is environmentally advantageous for the country, subsequently assisting in elevating the quality of lives for the local inhabitants. Thus it is imperative that public policies on an economic sector as important as tourism be carefully framed, keeping in mind various aspects like economic development of the chosen location, sustainability of the entire project, amongst many others. Policies, in both public and private sectors, provide a framework for making decisions, and help to connect the process of strategy planning with actual implementation (Wheelen and Hunger, 1990). Tourism policy is can be viewed as "a set of regulations, rules, guidelines, directives, and development objectives and strategies” (Goeldner, Ritchie & McIntosh 2000, 445). In tourism policymaking, the focus would involve around creating guidelines for the development of sustainable tourism along with a plan for future measures and developmental route (Jenkins 2000). The Tourism industry in any country includes other business sectors like hospitality services, museums, heritage sites, various events, and transportation, thus making it imperative that besides the governmental authorities, various actors and groups form other business sectors remain involved or taken under consideration while framing policies for tourism. This essay will examine the various actors and groups that remain involved in tourism policymaking, the levels of influence of the various groups involved in tourism policy-making and how this has changed over time, and evaluate the linkages and/or partnerships that exist between groups involved in tourism policy-making especially in the context of UK tourism policymaking. Discussion A brief analysis of tourism industry in UK: UK tourism primarily is domestic based, and figures (fig 1) show that UK residents make more than “1bn overnight trips and day visits” annually, which comes to a count of nearly of 17 trips per person residing in UK, subsequently leading to almost ?67bn being circulated within UK economy each year (Tourism-Alliance, Tourism: Britain’s best opportunity for sustainable economic growth and new employment, 2010, 1). Fig 1: Domestic Tourism Expenditure by Destination. Here we find that redistribution of expenditure within UK tourism occurs mainly from urban centres like large cities and towns, and moves towards small villages and communities that live near the sea. (Source: Tourism-Alliance, Tourism: Britain’s best opportunity for sustainable economic growth and new employment, 2010, 1). In the arena of international tourism, UK is a popular destination, with large number of foreign visitors coming in each year. These overseas tourists act as a booster for the UK economy (as shown in fig 2), as they bring in annual revenue worth almost ?19bn (which is worth more than the revenues earned from North Sea oil). Of the revenue generated the foreign tourists, nearly “?3.5bn goes straight to the Exchequer through Air Passenger Duty and VAT to help fund health, education and other public services”
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“The roles and influences of the various actors and groups involved in Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/tourism/1433759-a
(The Roles and Influences of the Various Actors and Groups Involved in Essay)
“The Roles and Influences of the Various Actors and Groups Involved in Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/tourism/1433759-a.
The author states that public policy is to define a way of life for society, in terms of acceptable behavior and rules and norms that become codes of conduct in that particular culture. It reflects what society regards as important to uphold and preserve in its actions and codes of conduct in dealing with others as well as each other.
Comparing their approaches to foreign policy decision making, which is considered to reflect not only peculiar features of the particular constitutional situation, political system and nations’ self-image, but also the country’s position within the international environment, the paper advocates the idea that the differences have contributed, to a varying degree, to the split between the two countries over Operation Iraqi Freedom.
African Americans responded to these changes by trying to develop self-definition (Henderson, 2007). Living amongst this was the family of Cedric and Jerrel. Cedric and Jerrel were the only children of Leonard, a Pentecostal preacher, and Sophia, a licensed practical nurse.
Application Essay: Groups If there is an example that demonstrates how bad a group’s decision making can get when taken to the extreme, it would be the terrorist groups. In this essay, the group “Hizb ut-Tahrir” will be taken as an example to illustrate the villainous stance of a group when done in extreme.
Policy Making Mathew Miller’s text ‘The Two Percent Solution’ explores issues of American policy making (Miller). Although written during the administration the President George W. Bush, to an extent it is clear that Miller’s insights hold a great degree of relevancy for the contemporary political climate.
Performance of employees goes beyond simple job competence and becomes highly instrumental in overall company output, establishing positive brand recognition, cooperative communication with upper management, and successful interaction with fellow workers.
The author states that the shareholders of BAA who sold their stock to Ferrovial lost out as they realized too late that their stock was severely undervalued. They gained from quicker and cash payment instead of payments in the form of equity. The shareholders who held on to st6ocks till the deal was finalized were offered equity stubs.
t select where will they file their case as each court has its own level of jurisdiction and it must be taken to notice as to whether or not the court decided upon has enough authority to decide over a case or not. There are three types of jurisdiction; that is: exclusive,
The importance and the complex nature of current foreign policy in the world have been occasioned by the increased global interdependence and the elimination of traditional barriers to globalisation. As a result, it has become more
Transnational actors are non-state agents that define and play an important role in constant cross-border relations even as the world becomes more globalized. They are of great importance to international relations because they have a significant impact on cross-border relations.This paper examines how transnational actors influence world politics.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic The roles and influences of the various actors and groups involved in policy-making for FREE!