Running head: CRITICAL DISCUSSION OF TWO URBAN DARK TOURISM SITES BASED ON DEATH AND DISASTER Critical Discussion of Two Urban Dark Tourism Sites Based On Death and Disaster Insert Name Insert Insert O6 October 2011 Critical Discussion of Two Urban Dark Tourism Sites Based On Death and Disaster Introduction Traveling to places, sites, and regions that represent the stories, memories, and people of the past has gradually evolved to become a powerful force that characterizes heritage tourism (Edgell, 2006, p.62)…
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Memories about war, disasters, and battle sites have produced interests, curiosity, and adventurism among many tourists. Urban dark tourism therefore constitutes a field that is emerging powerfully, involving people around the world traveling towards sites, attractions, and events that have association in one way or the other with death, suffering, violence, or disaster (Stone, 2005). Wight (2006) notes that interpretation, marketing, and production of dark tourism products in the modern world is huge. However, inevitability of debate concerning political and ethical issues of the concept remains live and unavoidable (Sharpley, 2009, p.5). Due to this observation, this research paper aims to critically discuss ethical and political issues of two urban dark tourism products/sites that emerge as a result of interpreting, marketing, and producing the two dark tourism products or sites. ...
Examples of key areas explored by authors that can be categorized as dark tourist sites include; cemeteries, battlegrounds, sites of deaths of celebrities, places disasters have taken place, prisons, chambers where torture has taken place, genocide sites, and memorials (Bigley, Lee, Chon, and Yoon, 2010). Dark tourism has grown and its implications exhibit interplay between various structures of; political, social, and cultural conditions of the society (Stone and Sharpley, 2008) and today bountiful potential exists in dark tourism as a result of media and communication technologies (Sharpley, 2009). Emergence of dark tourism is associated with emergence of post-modernism concept, together with its elements of communication and globalization (Huggan, 2009). What this means is that, dark tourism is regarded to be a product of post-modern culture that has been conceived and reared by global communications networks, anxieties about modernity and the general emphasis on commoditization. Presence of global communication technologies has been effective in creating the basic interest among tourist to visit these areas (Lennon and Foley, 2000). Apart from the role communication technologies play, it also appears that dark tourism sites possess ability to introduce anxiety and doubt about the project of modernity (Smith, MacLeod, and Robertson, 2009). Lastly, in consuming dark tourism products, post-modernism culture combines education with elements of commoditization and commercial ethic where visiting dark sites is perceived to constitute an opportunity to achieve mediated goals of tourism consumption. Dark tourism does not enjoy rosy ride, rather, there has been tendency among some
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Tourism involves movement to another place for leisure, business, or recreational purposes like site-seeing, and seeing, meeting, and experiencing other cultures (Azizi, 2011, p.1). Urban tourism then refers to the movements of these tourists, domestic or international, to the towns and cities to enjoy the recreational facilities or business opportunities in the urban centers.
Dark camps of genocide have been some of the dark tourism sites that have continued to attract the attention of the world. One of the genocide camps is the Rwanda genocide that which reminds the world of the Rwanda genocide which happened in 1994 and in which about a million people were left dead.
Accordingly,many countries,both developing and developed,are actively engaged in the integration of the tourism industry in their socio-economic development projects and in the promotion and support of their tourism industry.
rthquake, travel and tourism has already been regarded as one of Haiti’s promising industry, given its unique climate, history and culture (Lundahl 64). According to Hudman and Jackson, “Haiti offers tourists at least four important attractions: its culture including
Experts have explored all variables to seek the motivation of such travel. What could be the force fueling visits to these “horrible” centers? People often have a fascination to issues involving disaster and death (Yuill 2003, 20).
In other words, that it exists and that it seems to have a fairly sticky following is not an indication of its ethics. If this were so, then there would be no debate relating to the practice of states executing people too. But obviously, the latter is a hot topic of debate on the ethics of the death penalty.
Yuill (2003:4) indicated that there is always a fascination in people when it comes to issues related with tragedy. An ideal example is when there is an accident at a spot on the road and other travellers have to always slow
The recent scholars have raised their focus on the development of tourism in the urban neighbourhoods.
The discussion below on tourism development on a high-income society of Glasgow shows the relationship between tourism and the neighbourhood in terms of
It is important to note that among the people who died during the disaster were tourists and so it needs great investment to convince them that the region is safe once again. To this effect, an idea to have a tsunami
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