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Despite this fast paced adoption of “direct recording electronic” (DRE) voting systems and the advantages it poses in terms of efficiency and convenience it comprises of several disadvantages such as the possibility of the presence of security relevant flaws that make the system susceptible to exploitation by unscrupulous voters or by malicious insiders. The certification of these DRE Systems is implemented without any through security checks which further compromises its integrity a fact that is further strengthened due to the absence of cryptographic techniques and the poor general software engineering quality of its construction.
An analysis of the AccuVote-TS version 4, tree in the CVS repository one of Diebold’s voting systems which are in use in 37 states, and are the second largest and the fastest growing vendor of electronic voting machines, show signiﬁcant and wide-reaching security vulnerabilities so much that voters can easily program their own smartcards to simulate the behavior of valid smartcards used in the elections. The device running the vote collection, also known as, the Diebold voting terminal, the ballot definition and voter cards, key parts of the election process are all susceptible to manipulation by measures such as exploiting the lack of cryptography, reverse engineering smartcard protocol, casting multiple votes by the use of several active smart cards and circumventing the administrator pin.
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In 1977 SDL implemented first commercial version of RDBMS for CIA. The code name for the project was Oracle. The unique product that the company offered was increasingly recognized in the market and company changed its name to Oracle Systems Corporation to identify itself with its flagship product Oracle.
The most significant issue raised by the writers under this theme is the fact that the change in machine type comes with an advancement in how voting and counting can be easier and fairer. For instance, the first mechanism which involved the use of ballot papers did not allow for automated counting of ballots; delaying the release of election results.
According to the simpler definition of technology, it is something that makes human life easier, for instance, invention of bulb resolved the problem of dark in human life, thus extended working hours (Kline). This paper will focus on analyzing the logical grounds of the belief that technology is power, system or knowledge.
A food outlet has three core areas that ought to function well to attain its potential for success, namely: production and procurement systems that encompass all those functions that are pertinent to prepare and serve products to the clients. The financial function deals with safeguarding cash, cash control, cash management, as well as operational and financial reporting.
Electronic voting systems seek to reduce time consumption during any type of voting and increase participation (Liaw, p 108). It also improves the accuracy of results and lowers the cost of conducting elections. There is an advanced online voting system used in universities for teaching and voting, whereby the students vote anytime and anywhere using both fixed and mobile devices such as personal computers, PDAs and smartphones.
So, we can say that the major difference in voting system occurs among the three voting systems, and not within them. Some of the details and description of three kinds of voting systems which is given below will help us in understanding the phenomenon of each voting system.
Malmsjo first speaks of hard and soft information systems view and while a hard view approach takes an objective view of the world with a formalized reasoning process.The author further clarifies that information is a definition of the specification of information and should have qualities such as pertinence, evidence, consistency, and exhortations.
Specifically, they try to show that many of the most essential things studied by scientists - "nuclear particles, atoms, molecules, cells, organs, organisms, ecological communities, groups, organizations, societies, solar systems - are all subsumable under the general rubric of system".