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Chernobyl Nuclear Plant Disaster - Case Study Example

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This essay tells about the ever great disaster occurred in the world by the end of the 20th Century. In this we have made an explanation regarding the nuclear explosion happened in the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. Moreover we have also made a discussion with respect to the causes of the disaster, disaster management process, how the disaster could have been avoided, about the outcome of the disaster against environment and inhabitants and finally the control measures which is followed by the conclusion of the essay.
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Chernobyl Nuclear Plant Disaster
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Download file to see previous pages This disaster was due to the nuclear power excursion process. This is a nuclear chain reaction and the outcome of this process will be tremendous emission of Neutron radiation. This is highly poisonous to human beings and develop radioactivity in the surrounding regions. Normally in a nuclear reactor nuclear fissile material such as elements like Uranium or Plutonium are employed. Nuclear fissile materials are elements which can withstand the nuclear fission process. Nuclear fission is the process of breaking up of nucleus of an atom in to numerous smaller parts. Since this process is energy producing one (exothermic) the net result of the reaction will be tremendous release of energy in the form of radiation. Normally this reaction has to be occurred inside the reactor. But in Chernobyl the accident was due to the malfunctioning of the reactor in the plant. There the nuclear fission process and the process of emission of radiation occurred completely from outside. The strength of the emission was forty times greater than the atomic bomb blast occurred at Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan during the Second World War. Thus the surrounding regions of Ukraine have been suffering very drastic side effects of the radioactive emission even now.

Disaster background

The Chernobyl accident was due to the explosion of faulty reactor in the nuclear power plant. There were two severe blasts which caused the total destruction of four units of the power plant. Due to this blast the radioactive material from the reactor escaped in to the atmosphere and together with the wind it was dispersed immediately to a wide locality consisting of ocean and land. This was considered as the failure in maintaining adequate safety measures in the plant especially during the plant testing operations. The plant testing operation was a routine process. The operators were verifying the efficacy of the machinery to provide adequate power supply to the main systems. Simultaneously there occurred a loss of power supply due to some unexpected cut of power availability from the rotating machinery. This defect forced them to check up other regulators meant to maintain the voltages in the plant. The operators carried out numerous testing processes and also the automatic shutting down mechanism of the reactor. During the attempt to shut down the reactor the operator observed the reactor in very faulty condition which later resulted in the total destruction of the reactor followed by a blast. Thus the radioactive emissions are moved in to the atmosphere and the air over that region gets contaminated with radioactive substances which were highly poisonous. Two or three seconds later another blast occurred by which hot graphite rods inside the reactor were thrown out with tremendous force. Due to this blast ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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