Decision Making in a Nuclear Reactor Emergency - Case Study Example

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The study "Decision Making in a Nuclear Reactor Emergency" investigates the Chernobyl and Three Miles Island disasters that have revealed the loopholes in the management and designs of nuclear reactors. It is unimaginable that the Chernobyl nuclear power plant was defective in design and moreover the staff were not trained adequately…
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Decision Making in a Nuclear Reactor Emergency
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Download file to see previous pages “Man-made disasters are events which, either intentionally or by accident cause severe threats to public health and well-being”. Even though, proper precautionary measures taken, it is quite possible that due to unforeseen reasons, disasters can occur.

Most of the manmade disasters are related to nuclear power. The energy crisis is a severe problem most of the countries are facing at present and in order to solve such problems many countries are trying to develop nuclear power. For example, Iran is currently trying to acquire nuclear power for its energy needs even though many other countries have doubts about Iran’s intentions. Nuclear energy has many advantages over other conventional energy sources like fossil fuels. At the same time, it has a lot of potential dangers also. The most threatening problem associated with nuclear energy is that if some problem occurs it is difficult to control the outward energy flow from the nuclear reactor. A comprehensive disaster management program is necessary for the prevention and management of nuclear disasters. The thirst for solving the energy crisis may force the countries to acquire nuclear energy technologies at any cost and they may often forget about the basic needs of developing a response program in case a nuclear disaster occurs unexpectedly.

Chernobyl disaster and three miles island disaster has taught the world a lesson about the threats nuclear power plants can cause to human life if not managed properly. This paper briefly analyses the Chernobyl disaster and three miles of island disasters to evaluate what useful lessons can be learned from such events.

Chernobyl Disaster
The Chernobyl accident in 1986 was the result of a flawed reactor design that was operated with inadequately trained personnel. The resulting steam explosion and fires released at least 5% of the radioactive reactor core into the atmosphere and downwind. Two Chernobyl plant workers died on the night of the accident, and a further 28 people died within a few weeks as a result of acute radiation poisoning. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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