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LITERATURE REVIEW RELEVANT TO RESEARCH RESEARCH TOPIC: How does the public feel about the growing number of innocent citizens be - Article Example

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Oli Rodriguez PAD 715 John Jay College Literature Review Public Reaction to Implementation of the Stop and Frisk Policy by Law Enforcement Officers Research Question: How does the public react to the implementation of the stop and frisk policy by the police?…
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Download file to see previous pages The stop and frisk policy is a procedure applied by the police and involves the police stopping or detaining pedestrians while searching them and asking questions. This happens when the police suspect that the pedestrians might be committing, planning to commit or have committed any crime, like murder or possession of drugs. When frisking, police officers often look for weapons like guns, knives, etc and any other contraband like illegal drugs. There has been public outcry about the way in which the police carry out this procedure, especially when they target a specific race more than the rest. To emphasize on the impact of this stop and frisk policy, we will look at some of the publications and studies on this issue, their results, and findings. Research has shown that from the beginning of the year 2002, the New York Police Department, (NYPD), has taken off the streets thousands of weapons (Coates, 2013). This has seen tremendous reduction in the rate of crimes, which directly relate to the number of lives and properties saved. Before introduction of this policy, New York had 13,212 murders. After Mayor Bloomberg took office and introduced the stop and frisk policy, the deaths reduced to an astonishing 5,849. As a result, this policy is supported and immensely defended by Ray Kelly in the Wall Street pages. Stop and Frisk is not just for weapons, but also for contrabands like illegal drugs. Ray Kelly thwarted claims of racial and minority discrimination, claiming that a larger number of minorities were stopped and frisked than the whites yet their population is relatively lower that those of whites in New York City. New York’s statistics on population by race shows that there are 12,740,974 whites making 65%, and 3,073,800 making up 15% of the population as at 2012 (Coates, 2013). Not everybody has welcomed the stop and frisk policy implementation. Bill de Blasio is a public advocate in the city of New York, known for his campaigns to reform the stop and frisk policy. In achieving this, he ordered mayor Bloomberg to reduce the number of unnecessary and unwarranted stops of individuals. This directive led to the introduction of the use of Comp Stat, which assisted in tracking stops that were unwarranted so that officers responsible for that are accountable for their actions (Coates, 2013). Moreover, Bill de Blasio is the current Mayor of New York city as of November 2013. The public advocate warned that this ‘out of control stop and frisk policy would create a rift between the police and the community, a fact that would make New York less safe’ (Blasio, 2012). He proposed a number of ways that could help reduce the out of control stops and frisks, which include misuse and abuse by the law enforcement officers. The proposed solutions included holding commanding officers accountable for bad stops, reducing the level of force used by the officers, give the children a chance and embracing community policing. The public advocate mentioned the presence of a certain level of racial discrimination in the police department. He, however, acknowledged that the men in uniform have significantly dealt with crimes, and are serving the country well. According to the NYPD Stop, Question and Frisk Report Database, the stop and frisk policy came into play after the Tyler versus Ohio case. Before that, the police service only needed to have probable cause in order to search someone. It clearly stipulated that an officer had to point out the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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