Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

A Study of the Access Women Have in Male Dominated Sports - Dissertation Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The paper "A Study of the Access Women Have in Male Dominated Sports" is aimed to discuss the problem when due to several challenges that face them, women today do not have easy access to sports dominated by male-defined standards and values, particularly physical contact sports…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.9% of users find it useful
A Study of the Access Women Have in Male Dominated Sports
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "A Study of the Access Women Have in Male Dominated Sports"

Download file to see previous pages 2) Background to the study
The challenges that hinder women from participating in male dominated sports are1
2.1. Female invisibility: discrimination in management, funding, media representation.
2.2. Discrimination in providing proper access to sporting facilities.
2.3. Body consciousness and Abhorrence of physical activity.
2.4. Attitudes and prejudices about sexuality.
2.5. Fears of personal safety, sexual harassment and abuse.
2.6. Parental and adult influence.
2.7. Stereotyping and prejudices about ethnicity.
2.8. Academic performance priority.
2.9. Lack of self-confidence
2.10.Lack of money
2.11.Lack of time

3. Justification
A detailed explanation of each of the foregoing points is provided below.
3.1. Female invisibility: discrimination in management, funding, media representation
At all levels, women’s sports and games attract less funding that men’s. Prize money at all major sports and games is vastly higher for men as compared to women. Women are under-represented in sports organisations. Girls miss out on involvement in sport because of lack of female role models. The four points mentioned above are hyper-inflated when it comes to women’s involvement in physical contact sports like football and rugby. Girls’ teams of such sports attract less sponsorship from local businesses because of the low revenue they generate, less spectators and low profile media coverage of their games.
...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“A Study of the Access Women Have in Male Dominated Sports Dissertation”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(A Study of the Access Women Have in Male Dominated Sports Dissertation)
“A Study of the Access Women Have in Male Dominated Sports Dissertation”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF A Study of the Access Women Have in Male Dominated Sports

Women in Sports

... in Olympics. In Amsterdam Olympics, she created a new history in track and field (Zabell). Women folk have faced severe discrimination from the part of authorities and male community. Historical studies prove that the patriarchal society never ready to accept the achievements of women in Olympics and other ceremonies. In 396 B.C. Olympics, Kyniska, a Spartian princess, won an Olympic chariot race, but she is banned from accumulating her prize in person (Anthony & suffragist). The problem of social attitude towards women participation in some sports items contributes supplementary causes for poor female representation. In case of boxing, it is clear that the game requires higher level of physical fitness and it is more stereotypically...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

The effect of gender minority status on womens experience of male-dominated work and mens experience of female-dominated work

They were established at a time when those roles made sense for the survival of the human race as is realized with the dedicated role of women in child care. But with advancing technology, some of the roles that have been attributed to various gender is becoming obsolete. However, people still make assumptions about roles of men and women through these stereotypical notions that claim to apply to all men and women in the world.
Some of the roles associated with women include preparing and serving food but most important, taking care of children. Even with the games that are played at this age, it is evident that women are supposed to stay at home, cook, clean and take care of the children while males are supposed to go to wor...
10 Pages (2500 words) Essay


This was about 13hours higher in comparison to the women’s coverage. Men in most cases tend to perform extremely well in various games. This boosts the reporter’s morale towards covering most of men’s games. In the summer Olympics in 2008 as well as the preceding years, there emerged improved air time coverage with both men and women almost getting equal air time coverage. About 46.3% of airtime coverage went to women in this year, a decrease from the previous year 2004 when the coverage was 47.9%. Nevertheless, coverage of women sports events improved heavily towards the socially acceptable sports for women. The socially accepted sports are always attractive as these sports involve minimal clothing hence women can be easily disp...
6 Pages (1500 words) Case Study

Men and Women in Sports

... even for women. (Fasting and Knorre, 2005) At the same time, men had been the sole dominators in the 60s and 70s. This was mostly seen by the fact that there were sports like; football, baseball and basketball were played by men. The main challenge that they faced at this time was proving their worth in their sporting activity of choice. Facilities were not a hindrance to their progress 2.2 Access to facilities in the present Currently, things have improved for women in comparison to what happened three decades ago. Most high schools and colleges have formed women's teams in games like tennis, swimming, volleyball and basketball. Such institutions now recognize that female teams are almost if not as important as men's team. They have now...
8 Pages (2000 words) Essay

Discrimination Against Women In Sports

... be differentiated in accordance with the gender of the child. Girls are not considered as competent as boys to manage the risks related to sports when facing such health problem (Hong 2008). Moreover, parents could prevent the participation of their female children in sports just for showing their power in setting rules, i.e. for promoting discipline within the family; with male children such policies may be more difficult to be established (Kisuke 1986). b. Ethnicities and traditions. The perceptions of parents on their identity and their position within a particular society seem to influence their behavior towards their children. Indeed, in societies where the local cultural or religious traditions do not allow the participation of women...
2 Pages (500 words) Term Paper

The History of Saudi Women In Sports

... stand concerning participation of women in sports. If they take a firm stand, the world would prove them wrong by citing that there is nothing anti-Islamic in women participation of sports. The restrictions for women in Saudi Arabia cannot be defended in an international scenario. The nation has to bend and give consent for women participation in International sports event. This realization made them send their women athletes for London Olympics, full credit o International Olympic Committee. Saudi cannot defend their stand even in the Muslim world as other Muslim countries have taken a better stand that the world appreciates. Although now Saudi Arabia is focusing on all kinds of sports, ten years ago they were concentrating on male...
5 Pages (1250 words) Essay

To what extent has realism dominated the study of security

...The extent to which realism has dominated the study of security Introduction According to Haslam and McGarty (2003), Realism is a spectrum of ideas which spin around the four core propositions of Political Groupism, International Anarchy, Power politics and Egoism. Realists think that humankind is self-centered and competitive but rather not inherently benevolent. It is also inclined of the perception that an individuals intuitive nature consist of anarchy. The individuals experience self-reliance and are motivated in seeking more power due to self-interest. The state gives emphasis to an interest in building up power to make certain security in an anarchic world. Power is a notion primarily thought of in the perspectives of material...
9 Pages (2250 words) Essay

Response for Was Sumerian Civilization Exclusively Male Dominated

..., with very negligible feminine presence or say. The Sumerian Pantheon and theology were primarily populated and controlled by male deities like An, Enlil and Enki (Starr, 1965). The important Sumerian epic Gilgamesh has a male as its central character (Starr, 1965). In the Sumerian social hierarchy, the leading priestly class was male dominated (Starr, 1965). In contrast, Kramer presents Sumerian history and cosmology as an arena impregnated by both the male and female influences, in which the feminine element does hold its sway. The inscriptions of King Urukagina do prove that in the early Sumerian society, women did wield power in the Sumerian political and religious life (Kramer, 1976). Many important high priestesses like Enheduanna...
1 Pages (250 words) Essay

Male male competition

...Male-male competition due: Male-male competition Method Participants            One hundred and twelve men participated in this study, but thirteen of them dropped out from the analysis, therefore, only ninety-nine men completed it. They were from different ethnic groups; nearly half, about 49.5% of them, are Hispanic or Latino, and 26.3% are white or Caucasian. The rest of them were from Asian or Pacific Islands, Black or African American, and other ethnic groups, representing 8% each. The least age is 18, and maximum age is 32 years, and the mean age of participants was 23.02 years (SD=3.23). Materials Participants first filled in some basic information: details of their age, height, weight, state where they grew up, sexual orientation...
1 Pages (250 words) Essay

Sports Organizations: Case Study: Pro Sports Collectibles

...Case Study: Pro Sports Collectibles al Affiliation Case Study: Pro Sports Collectibles The Pro Sport Collectibles faces major challenges. The main concern is staffing and record keeping. From the notes, it is evident that the system lacks the needed technological advancement to ensure efficiency and effectiveness. Communication is also an obstacle. The communication model uses limits the amount of information shared by both the external and internal environment. The system is time consuming given the amount of time a person takes to locate given files within the system. The firm lacks an online platform where the external environment can interact with the firm. This fact limits the amount of customers pushing good s and seeking services...
2 Pages (500 words) Assignment

Country Study: Mali

The territory of Mali has had a great history. We have been centers of the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire, and the Songhai Empire for about six centuries. Thereafter, during the 17th and 18th centuries, several small states developed along the Niger basin, but they fell during the holy war waged by Muslim leader Al-Hajj Umar, whose kingdom extended from Timbuktu to headwaters of Niger and Senegal. His successor, Ahmadu was defeated by the French in 1860. ( /mali.html)

As is well-known, we have had a turbulent past. We were a French colony for 80 years until we achieved independence. Now we are a multi-party democracy with Presidential form of Government. While the executive power rests with the...
6 Pages (1500 words) Case Study

The Marketing Communications Strategy & Mix: Sports Company

Despite the challenges that Adidas met in the 90s from fierce competitor Nike, the company hit the rebound by the end of that decade and has reclaimed its position as one of the leading sports companies nationwide. Considering that the company almost went bankrupt at its lowest point, it managed to rise and compete once again in the market.
With Adidas’ position in the sports apparel industry, this research aims to find out and evaluate the various marketing communications strategies that Adidas has implemented over the years. Further, this research aims to be able to identify which strategy is proven to be most effective, and which did not bring the desired results.

Football is undoubtedly the most popular s...
9 Pages (2250 words) Case Study

Traditional Women in the Modern World

It is within the family that many attributes of gender inequality are generated and replicated. Economic and interpersonal dependence on both genders and in various instances more vicious forms of inferiority, are classic elements of marriage and family. Women’s long-established roles leave them with the trouble of widespread domestic and nurturance obligations in addition to limited authority within the family. These trends represent gender inequality within the home and are echoed in the ideology justifying a gender-separated workforce in which women’s earnings and prospects are disproportionate to men’s. While almost every woman has some family bonds to men, by their kinship ties to their fathers and brothers,...
9 Pages (2250 words) Assignment

Women in American Politics: Past and Future Challenges

The official political role of women in the colonial period was not definite at all. Political rights were founded profoundly on ascribed status such as birthrights and on achieved status such as property. Religion also contributed in determining who could and could not play a part in politics. There was no steady and widespread difficulty in the participation of women in political life, yet only a small number of women voted in England and North American colonies, and hardly any women participated in politics to the degree of putting into effect political influence (ibid). In reality, the minority had any public office at all in England, and no women can be recognized as holding elective political office in the colonies.
19 Pages (4750 words) Research Proposal

Wicca Women and the Ladies of Islam

“The history of woman is the history of the continued and universal oppression of one sex by the other. The emancipation of woman is her restoration to equal rights and privileges with a man.” - Tennesse Claflin. The distinction between male and female sex has been a common practice in the history of mankind. We don’t know whether this distinction was there during the beginning of human civilization. But in a later period after human civilization female sex was assumed as inferior to the male sex. Naturally many restrictions were imposed on her just because she is physically weaker than the man.

As far as religious practices are concerned, the role of women in Islam and the Wicca religion is very impor...
8 Pages (2000 words) Coursework

A Comparative Study of the Origins of Ethical Thoughts

Do you know what they dug out? -- Wires! It proves that two thousand five hundred years ago, in the age of Pericles, the Greeks had telephones”. The Jew laughingly retorted: “Recently they were digging in Jerusalem. They dug out nothing. This proves that three thousand years ago when Solomon was the king of Judea, the Jews had the principle of wireless!”

ETHICS AND DIVERSE DEFENITIONS: One of the Dilemmas of the civilized human society was the fight between the soul and the flesh or rather the body and desires. The question is how to divert human energy in an intelligent, controlled way? Searching answers to this question one lands in the premise of ethics, personal as well as social. Ethics (English)...
11 Pages (2750 words) Case Study

Causes of Illegal Drugs Consumption Among Women

The study investigates divergent sociological views by making a comparison of these researches and concludes that sensational pleasures, domestic turmoil and biological characteristics play a dominant role in women’s involvement in illegal drug addiction.
Illegal drugs refer to the drugs consumption and trading of which is strictly prohibited according to the prevailing statutes of law. Excessive trade and trafficking of illegal drugs have accelerated their application among adults, minors and women, which have, consequently, brought critical health problems for the consumers in their wake. There was a time when drug addiction was considered to be a masculine activity only, and women had no concern with drug usage. With...
7 Pages (1750 words) Coursework

Business Communication for Degree Access: Olympic Volunteering Consultancy

The London Organising Committee for 2012 is headed by Lord Coe but we would need to contact the Minister for the Olympics who is Tessa Jowell to place the Bid. The Olympic Games are said to need 70,000 employees with large land development in London.

To beat out the competitors with an excellent business strategy (Wikipedia) an excellent marketing strategy must be used! 26,400 pounds, of the 1 million pounds on Flyers and radio ads this company can inform the residents of Greenwich of the career training opportunity. Using Radio ads that are up to date we can gain a young volunteer base. Flyers handed out to community centers and welfare offices this company will gain other targeted volunteers.

The Census Bur...
6 Pages (1500 words) Assignment

The Depictions of Growing Up from Alcott's Little Women and Stevenson's Treasure Island

This observation highlights the changing approach of authors to children’s literature towards the end of the nineteenth century in portraying childhood and growing up. For example, in Treasure Island, the novel’s protagonist Jim Hawkins relays the journey of pirates and hidden treasure and the narrative is rich with the action of childhood adventure, which is infused with adult themes such as morality, alcoholism, and murder (Jones, 2003).

Additionally, the central protagonist Jim symbolizes the universal childhood quest for adventure with serious issues impacting child development in growing up. This is exemplified by the characterization of Jim as a boy-man in taking the Hispaniola to get the buried treasu...
10 Pages (2500 words) Assignment

Conflict Between Researh and Ethics on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study

The Declaration of Helsinki by the WHO clearly states that in clinical trials involving humans the wellbeing of the subject should be of prime importance than the interest of science or society. This has been stated because at times in order to achieve the objectives of a study the investigators might overlook the welfare of the trial subjects thus jeopardizing their health in the process. According to ethical rules while comparing two treatment options the control group of the study must receive the best-known treatment available while the study subjects are given a potential newer treatment. Only when there is no effective treatment available a placebo-controlled group can be used for the study. There have been several trials th...
7 Pages (1750 words) Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Dissertation on topic A Study of the Access Women Have in Male Dominated Sports for FREE!

Contact Us