The role of sports in contemporary society can hardly be overestimated. Sports fill in the stadiums and arenas with millions of people. Every well established newspaper has a separate section devoted to sports. Hours of weekends of children and grownups are occupied with discussions about teams and players that become a role model for a vast majority of boys…
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2001) It is amazing, that despite the enormous influence of sports on society, the theoretical development in this flied is underdeveloped. Before taking a deeper glance at social stratification and organizational context of sports, it is worth noting, that in this world there is nothing black and white and even though sports in general has a positive impact on society; drawbacks should and must be emphasized in order to eliminate the possibility of future mistakes.
Despite the fact, that sports is widely considered to be a sphere free from prejudice and discrimination, this issue can hardly be taken for granted: "As the 20th century began, American girls and women who wished to participate in sport found themselves in a race that would prove to be more grueling than the actual marathons that females are running and setting records in today." (Motley, M., Lavine, M. 2001) Women were kept from participating in sports and in case if they were allowed, novelty and sex appeal were highlighted rather then athletic skills. This is evident from the names that were given to women's teams in the late 80th: "Balian Ice Cream Beauties", "Slapsie Maxie's Curvacious Cuties" (Motley, M., Lavine, M. 2001). ...
), in accordance with Kay Morgan (1999) the NAGWS "began in 1899 and continues today as one of six associations within the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance," did and do contribute to the improvement of the situation, however, even in the new millennium female population still only will be celebrating the true equality of opportunities in sports. In accordance with Feminist Majority Foundation and New Media Publishing, female population enjoys only 41% of athletic opportunities, 36% of athletic budget, and 32% of the recruitment budget (2005).
Why is it so, that sports contributes to inequality between men and women If in this case the issue can be partially attributed to the very essence of sports and, maybe, the inborn, rather then acquired, difference in psychological traits and role models of the two genders, then why does the situation remain unchanged when it comes speaking about racial minorities In the 19th and 20-th centuries sports often took a shaped by social conflict: "early boxing epitomized a lower-class cultural style of raucous play that affirmed working-class virtues of prowess, bravery, honor, and physical culture--all of which brought condemnation from middle-class critics." (Pope, S. 2002) Communities, socialists, labor groups that were formed during at those times transformed sports into politically-charged picnics. Eventually, evolution of sports during the 20th century unified the group majorities and contributed to further segmentation of subordinate ones. White patriarchate determined the Where, When and How cultural minorities and women will participate in sports. Alice Coachman's victory in the high jump during the Olympiad of 1948 was the first time a black woman to win a gold medal and is considered
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(“Development of sport Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
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(Development of Sport Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“Development of Sport Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sports-and-recreation/1527824-development-of-sport.
At the same time, it diverts the attention of the individuals participating in it from engaging in law breaking due to idleness and it also reduces the chances of a person developing problems related to stress.
With the above and many other unmentioned benefits in mind, it is then an activity that can be recommended for all especially the children of all the ages as it can offer great benefits to them.
Sport can also take other forms which do not require physical capabilities such as seen in card games, motor sport, and board games where equipment factors or mental acuity are of prime value to winning a game. More generally, sport can be taken to be an organized, skilful, and competitive physical activity that demands fair play and commitment on the part of players.
The reasons for that may be various, and this work will be aimed at considering all possible factors favorable for such growth and development, but it should be stated, that the role of Government and the state, in general, has probably played major role in making sports popular and in promoting the use of sports for the health of the society as a whole.
As such it's important that sport is played, officiated and governed fairly" (Sportscotland, 2005). This is the take on sport development that currently prevails, not just in Europe or in Western cultures, but globally. The Department of Sport and Recreation in the African nation of Botswana for the last four years has actively sought to develop and promote sport environments that are nationally accessible to all who desire to participate, whether for fun, health, or athletic skill development.
In supporting terms sport has been engaged as a policy tool by country states, as for instance in the struggle against apartheid in South Africa, and in the Olympic Games' boycotts of the 1980s, or more lately in promoting the new or reviving patriotism of the post-communist Central along with Eastern European states.
which include clubs and community groups, schools and other institutions to carry out programmes that are innovative and ground breaking in increasing opportunities for sports and physical activities participation. 1
To be responsible for developing, carrying out and
a phase wherein its utility has moved beyond personal glory and prestige towards the notion and reality that sports perform societal functions and purposes (Houlihan, 2002;2008; Polley, 2008; Allison, 2006). Several factors contributed to this shift. One is the rationalisation
The growth of new media has altered the nature of the marketing mix, given that sponsorship has become increasingly powerful and engaging tool for brands. Indeed, new media technologies have considerably enhanced the
Further evaluation suggests that one sport event like the Olympics may contain a range of sport events. Spectators watching a football match or a cricket match get a variety of sport shows ranging from the pre-game show, to halftime, and finally the post-game
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