Today the disagreement over usage of substances is shaking sports. Officials from international governing bodies of sports are scuttling to continue their testing programs one step ahead of crook sports men and betrayer chemists. …
Download file to see previous pages...
Many professional athletes, especially football and baseball players, have used cocaine during the playing season, and sometimes amphetamines during the games themselves. Some of these players turned in brilliant performances, suggesting that the consumption of cocaine, like amphetamines, may be beneficial for speed and strength, at least in the short run. In a sports "scandal," the Commissioner of the National Football League suspended four players for four games of the 1983 season because of their involvement with drugs. One of the four, defensive endsRoss Browner, had set a Super Bowl record of 10 unassisted tackles. Another, running back Pete Johnson, was the all-time leading rusher for the Cincinnati Bengals. A third, a rookie, finished third in team tackles. It seems doubtful that cocaine hurt their playing. (Howe, 125-126)
Drug abuse, one of the most sensitively charged and important issues facing athletics and society in general today, defies easy solutions. The problem of drug abuse has grown at all levels of athletic competition over the past two decades at a frightening speed, from the interscholastic to the Olympic and intercollegiate levels of competition. In the United States, the increase of drug abuse in athletics reflects a like increase and, to a degree, acceptance of drugs among the general populace. It is a serious issue that includes health considerations, law enforcement problems, and moral/ethical questions for athletes, coaches, and athletic administrators. The growing awareness of the presence of drug use in the world of athletics has produced drug and alcohol awareness programs.
In an increasing number of sports, from boxing to hockey and from athletics to basketball, there has been a striking rise in the detrimental usage of drugs to enhance players' performance, not only by professional sports men but also by amateurs. In reply to global alarm over the occurrence of healthiness and other societal harms associated with the usage of illegal or prohibited drugs in competition of sports worldwide, World Health Organisation initiated an international programme to facilitate nations of the world to build up and carry out drugs abusage deterrence activities in 1992. (Massimino, 44)
In present state world where only some glower on a cup of coffee to benefit in the morning, and where money plays such an vital and essential role in sports, it is difficult to influence sports men not to take performance improving illegal drugs.
In different corners of world even though prototypes of' drug usage are different varied; some shape of drug usage subsist in approximately all sports and across nearly every age group. The latent injurious and detrimental usage of drugs took many forms, including over usage of unproven food supplements and vitamins, negative dependence on therapeutic drag to treat wounds and injuries, and the taking of huge amount of anabolic steroids. The harmful drugs usage among sports men of the world is an element of an active and exceptionally complex procedure associated with physiological, social, psychological, economic and political variables. No simple pattern of drugs usage materialized, apart from that an outsized number of nations and several different sports are affected.
The efforts to standardize and manage the usage of drugs in sports have alerted on creating modern processes of checking and testing programmes. Checking and testing
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
The use and abuse of performance-enhancing drugs such as anabolic steroids is widespread in the world of sports. While sporting bodies have been set up and rules have been established to deal with the problem internationally, it still continues to plague the different sports resulting from the drive elite athletes have for success, money, and glory.
This has led them to use performance enhancing drugs, which may be prescribed to them or they can acquire themselves. In the US, National Football League (NFL) is regarded as the most competitive sport in the country, while worldwide; moreover, football is the most watched sport. Athletes must maintain high levels of vision, and creativity, as well as be physically strong and able to keep of competition from other athletes.
Good discipline and perseverance gives momentum to athletic performance in the public eye which is manifestation of practice, precision and talent.This pinnacle of performance is reached by victory or defeat, joy and sorrow as witnessed on the field by the fans, organizers, team members and by the individual participant. Success is the moment of euphoria marked by honor and success. The chains of followers are linked with the path traveled by a successful athlete or sportsperson which makes them a role model for the masses.
Drug abuse issues have been integral to the sporting fraternity since historical times. Specifically, the athletics disciplines have reported the most cases of drug-related problems as sportsmen seek to improve their performance and to win medals and titles. Athletes have only created more problems for themselves.
History proves that those athletes who have previously used these drugs have by far much outperformed their expectations. This is a clear indication that the drugs can help to enhance speed and provide better athlete world results. On the other hand, the
The negative side effects of performance enhancing drugs cannot be generalized for all, so the scientifically approved drugs should be allowed in sports as they lend many physiological and psychological benefits.
Use of performance enhancing
With the increasing trend numerous states have developed law that hinder the access of prescribed drugs. The laws provide for both abusers and medical practitioners (Trust for America’s Health 1). Moreover, the laws are