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The Notion of Free Will on Understanding of Crime Causation - Term Paper Example

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This work "The Notion of Free Will on Understanding of Crime Causation" describes several factors such as internal (biological) or externally manifested factors that influence free will. From this work, it is clear that self-actualization that is a unique feature in human beings deters many individuals from committing crimes. …
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Download file to see previous pages They, therefore, believe that internal and external factors affect the chances of a person being subject to a crime. The situation at which a person commits a crime also forms the basis of the determinist approach of causes of crimes.
Several theories elaborate on the factors that dispose of different people toward crimes. The classical theory explains that crimes occur when their benefits outdo the costs or consequences of the crime. The theory of Routine Activities suggests that a crime likely occurs if a motivated offender finds an attractive target and no appropriate guardianship in place. Various biological factors also influence the causes of crimes as evident in the discussion.
One of the major assumptions of the humanistic line is that humans have free will. Thus, situational factors do not determine all behaviors (Groff, 2008). The personal agency gives a humanistic approach of free will. It refers to the decisions people make in life, the way they follow and the consequences attached. Freedom to think forms the basis of fully functional human beings. In this sense, self-actualization proves to be a unique human need and motivation that sets humans apart from all other species.
Cognitive psychologists also incline to the importance of free will through the adoption of a soft determinism view (Groff, 2008). Humanists are more interested in the human choice of the ends based on self-actualization while cognitive psychologists focus mainly on the choice of means. To cognitive psychologists, the rational processing of information that goes into the decision-making matters. Conscious reflection of personal behavior sets the best way of achieving goals. Self-calculation, strategizing, and self-organization are core in governing the choices people make.
Human beings are rational and possess the ability to make decisions in accordance with a person’s own will and purposes. In this view, people can differentiate between what is right or wrong and thus they can choose to commit a crime or to follow the law. Free will thus stand on how people see themselves, a perspective that is different in every human. Peoples’ will resides within them and the behavior is its outward expression. Free will bears more weight on the traits or factors within a person that propels them towards committing a certain crime.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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