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Psychology of Learning for Instruction - Assignment Example

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In the paper “Psychology of Learning for Instruction,” the author discusses the advantages of social support, which provide an individual with avenues to express his feelings and innermost fears. The way in which an individual interacts with society is important to understand…
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Psychology of Learning for Instruction
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Download file to see previous pages Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget (1896- 1980) and Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) have developed their ideas and theories on cognitive development and psychology that bears a relationship, which is significantly similar, yet essentially different. It is in this context, that Vygotsky’s theory of cognitive development assumes significance. Though Vygotsky and Piaget, agree on certain fundamental aspects of cognitive development, the framework and approach of their theories, differ essentially.
Before a comparative study of two theories could be done, an understanding of the basic tenets of each theory is vital. According to Piaget's theory (1970), cognitive development of an individual occurs through a number of stages and levels and that the knowledge structures or schemes individuals differ based on the current stage of development. Vygotsky’s theory suggests the human development is marked by an individual’s need and ability to mediate their actions, “ the central fact about our psychology is the fact of mediation,”[Vygotsky, 1982, p. 166]
Vygotsky’s theory of Zonal Proximity fundamentally agrees with Piaget's theory that there are specific stages to cognitive development, and acknowledges that a child’s mental makeup and thinking is different from that of an adult’s. However, While Piaget’s theory considers the learning ability of an individual to be primarily dependent on the developmental stage of the individual, Lev Vygotsky’s cognitive theories consider primarily the importance of language, culture. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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